The blood and bone marrow transplantation center at Apollo Hospitals, India has performed over 1500 transplants with an excellent success rate. Apollo Hospitals, India is also a trusted name in BMT for international patients, as the hospital has not just a highly qualified BMT team, but also very stringent infection control norms which are critical for BMT patients. BMT treatment is available at Apollo Hospitals at Chennai, New Delhi, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Kolkata.
The Stem Cells can be collected from patient’s own body or can be harvested from another person. This other person is known as donor.
Stem cells are taken from the patient either by bone marrow harvest or apheresis (peripheral blood stem cells) and then given back to the patient after conditioning treatment.
The donor has the same HLA type as the patient. Stem cells are taken either by bone marrow harvest or apheresis (peripheral blood stem cells) from a HLA matched donor, usually a brother or sister. Other donors for allogeneic bone marrow transplants include the following:
- An identical twin – A syngeneic transplant is an allogeneic transplant from an identical twin. Identical twins are considered a complete genetic match for a transplant.
- Unrelated transplants (UBMT or MUD, for matched unrelated donor) – The HLA matched stem cells are from an unrelated donor, usually found through the national registries.
- Umbilical Cord Blood transplant – Stem cells are taken from an umbilical cord immediately after delivery of an infant. The stem cells are tested, typed, counted and frozen until they are ready to be transplanted.
Stem cell transplant is an exciting area of medicine. It is a well established treatment for several cancers and diseases of blood for the past few decades.