X-ray is a quick, painless procedure that is performed to create images of the structures within the body, particularly the bones. The bone appears as a white mass on the x-ray plate, whereas muscles and fat tissue appear as shades of grey.
When it's done:
X-rays are used to examine the following parts of the body.
Bone and Teeth Abnormalities
- Fractures and infections
- Teeth infection and decay
- Bone cancer
- Lung infections
- Breast cancer
- An enlarged heart
- Digestive tract abnormalities
- Swallowed items
When to Avoid:
X-rays are generally not recommended for pregnant women as it may cause harm to the unborn child. However, for a normal person, the amount of radiation generated during an x-ray procedure is too low to cause any damage to the cells in their body.
How to prepare:
- Patients are required to remove any jewellery and clothes that may interfere with the x-ray image
- Wear a gown to cover yourself depending on the area being examined
- Follow the instructions given by the doctor before the examination; you may have to remain still and hold your breath to avoid blurring of the image
- For a young child, restraints or other techniques may be used to keep him/her still to prevent blurring of the image and also to prevent the child from the radiation