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Definition

Diverticulosis is a condition in which pouches called diverticula appear on the wall of the large intestine (colon). These pouches may not disclose any symptom and vary from being very small (5 to 10 mm) in diameter to larger ones and become more likely with age.

In a low fiber diet, the colon must apply more strain than normal to move small and hard stool. A low-fiber diet also can add to the time stool remains in the bowel, leading to the high pressure.

Symptoms

Majority of people do not exhibit symptoms of Diverticulosis. Patients might have had diverticulosis for years together by the time the symptoms exhibit. And over time, some patients get an infection in the pouches (Diverticulitis).

Diagnosis

In many cases, it is identified only when tests such as x-ray or colonoscopy are performed to find the cause of some other medical condition or during a physical examination.

Treatment

The best way to care for diverticulosis is to avoid constipation. The patient is advised to:

  • Include increased quantities of fiber rich fruits, vegetables and whole grains in the diet
  • Drink ample fluids, so that the urine is light yellow or clear
  • Moderate to vigorous activities and exercise everyday
  • A daily routine for bowel movement may help

This treatment may help lessen the development of new pouches (diverticula) and minimize the risk for diverticulitis

Prevention

A fiber rich diet, lots of fluid intake, and regular exercising may help avoid diverticulosis

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