Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is also referred to as 'adult ADHD'. It is a mental health condition in a person comprising of several symptoms such as impulsive behavior, attention deficit problem and hyperactivity. This can further lead to several problems such as low self-esteem, poor performance at school or work and difficulty in maintaining relationships.
Although the disorder is named adult ADHD, the symptoms of the disorder can be seen in early childhood which continues to develop in adulthood. In few cases, the symptoms of adult ADHD may not be clear like in children. An adult may face difficulty in paying attention, feel restless and impulsive. There are several other disorders that may occur along with ADHD like mood disorders, anxiety disorders, psychiatric disorders and learning disabilities.
There are no known causes of ADHD, but there are several factors that may be involved in the development of the disorder like:
- Environmental factors
- Developmental problems
- Premature birth
The symptoms of Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder depend on the person's age. Most of the time persons with ADHD are not aware of the disorder in themselves.
The symptoms of Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder include:
- Impulsiveness and restlessness
- Difficulty in organizing and prioritizing things
- Difficulty on focusing on work and completing tasks
- Difficulty in managing stress
- Mood swings
- Short temper
- Difficulty in multitasking things
Diagnosing Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is difficult as its symptoms are similar to other conditions. Many adults with ADHD also face anxiety and depression. But, ADHD can be diagnosed if these symptoms are severe and cause problems in daily life. There is no specialized test to confirm it, however, the diagnosis process includes:
- Physical Examination
- Gathering information about personal and family medical background as well as current medical state
- Psychological tests
The treatment for Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder includes psychological counselling, education, training and medication. The combination of these treatment helps in reliving the symptoms of ADHD.
- Stimulants, such as methylphenidate or amphetamine are most commonly prescribed for the treatment of ADHD. These stimulants help in boosting and balancing brain chemicals levels called neurotransmitters.
- Other medications that are used to treat ADHD include atomoxetine as well as antidepressants such as bupropion and others.
Psychological counselling or psychotherapy helps in:
- Reducing the impulsive disorder
- Improving self-esteem
- Learning about ways to improve relationships