- Knee pain is a very common symptom of patient’s with arthritis. It can be due to injury which can cause ligament tear and instability of the knee joint or wear and tear of the joint cushion (cartilage) or inflammation or bone defects.
- Due to the rising incidence of obesity, knee pain due to osteoarthritis is on the rise and is affecting even younger generation.
- Knee pain can cause significant limitation of movement and can restrict your active social life. Patients with knee pain find it difficult to stand or walk for long periods of time and also find it difficult to climb stairs.
- You should consult a Rheumatologist if you have persistent pain in your knee which is limiting your activities and walking, swelling and stiffness around the knee joint or if you can hear sounds every time you move your knees.
- Your Rheumatologists will ask you questions regarding your knee pain, examine you and order tests to arrive at a diagnosis.
- Depending on your diagnosis, your Rheumatologist will discuss with you the best available treatment options and the expected treatment outcomes. Treatment options may include a joint injection, exercises, fish oil capsules, glucosamine and chondroitin supplementation, simple pain killers or surgery.
- A weight loss of even a few kilograms may have a favorable effect on your knee pain. Therefore it is important to lead an active life with balanced healthy diet and regular exercise.
- There are a few modalities of treatment available for knee osteoarthritis before total knee replacement like viscosupplementation with Hyaluronic acid or steroid knee injections or knee braces or hemiarthroplasty (surgery). Your Rheumatologist will discuss these options and the expected outcomes with you.
- If you have an inflammatory arthritis like rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis, the treatment options may include medications, joint injections and others
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