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    Banner - Cancer Institute Apollo Hospital - Bangalore

    Thrombocytopenia Treatment in Bangalore

    Thrombocytopenia develops when our bone marrow does not produce enough platelets, which are the essential blood cells that help stop bleeding by forming blood clots. Individuals who have this medical disorder may bleed a lot, and it may be difficult to stop the bleeding. Sometimes, due to their minor symptoms, patients with Thrombocytopenia may not be aware of it. Moreover, individuals who take certain medications or who have particular medical problems, such as autoimmune illnesses, are frequently affected by Thrombocytopenia.

    Children are more likely to develop Thrombocytopenia than adults, although it is still extremely uncommon. It often goes away on its own in children. As a blood disorder, Thrombocytopenia can only be treated by a board-certified Haematologist.

    Symptoms of Thrombocytopenia

    Some persons with mild incidences of Thrombocytopenia don’t exhibit any symptoms. When they do, one of the initial signs is a cut or nosebleed that won’t stop bleeding. Other signs include:

    • Bleeding Gums
    • Blood in Vomit, Poop and Urine
    • Heavy Menstrual Periods
    • Rectal Bleeding
    • Bruises
    • Petechiae or little purple or red spots on the lower legs.
    • Fatigue
    • Enlarged Spleen
    • The most dangerous symptom is bleeding in the head. When there are not enough platelets to stop the bleeding from a head injury, it can be fatal.

     What causes Thrombocytopenia?

    The reasons for Thrombocytopenia are numerous. Immune Thrombocytopenia, or ITP, is among the most frequent causes of low platelets. Thrombocytopenia can run in families, but it can also be acquired through a variety of medical disorders.

    Particular aspects influencing platelet supply to the blood include:

    • The bone marrow in the body does not produce enough platelets.
    • Although bone marrow produces adequate platelets, the body either destroys or uses them up.
    • There are too many platelets stored in the spleen.

    Here are some other medical conditions that may affect the platelet count:

    • Aplastic anaemia
    • Platelets may be destroyed by autoimmune diseases that affect our immune system, such as immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP), lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
    • Blood-clotting conditions such as Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) and Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP).
    • Viral & Bacterial infections
    • Blood Cancer such as Leukaemia and Lymphoma
    • Many cancer chemotherapy medicines and some antibiotics can cause Thrombocytopenia; treating haematologists should be informed of this. Often, stopping the drug that caused the problem can increase the platelet count.
    • Our platelet level may be impacted by harmful chemical exposure to arsenic, benzene, and pesticides.

    How is it diagnosed?

    The doctor could carry out the following if the patient exhibits difficult bleeding or other symptoms of Thrombocytopenia:

    • The family and medical information will be reviewed by the doctor.
    • Complete Blood Count (CBC)
    • Blood Clot test
    • Biopsy of Bone Marrow
    • Imaging Tests such as Ultrasound or CT scans

    What is the management or treatment of Thrombocytopenia?

    Thrombocytopenia can persist anywhere from a few days to several years. The reason and level of Thrombocytopenia will determine the appropriate course of treatment. Treatment may not be necessary for minor Thrombocytopenia.

    The patient would require medications or treatments if they have major bleeding or are at high risk. Additionally, the medical condition that is resulting in the low platelet count must be treated. The doctor can recommend a different medication if the low platelet count is due to a certain medicine. Doctors may recommend medications to inhibit the immune system if the immune system is the root of the low platelet count.

    The following procedures could be required if medications do not work:

    • Blood or Platelet Transfusions: Doctors may administer packed red blood cells or platelet transfusions to replenish lost blood if the platelet count drops below a specific level.
    • Medications: Doctors may recommend drugs to raise the platelet count if the disease is brought on by an immune system problem. The initial line of therapy may be a corticosteroid. Stronger immune system suppressants can be utilised if that doesn’t work.
    • Surgery: Splenectomy surgery can help if the patient has more platelets in the blood by removing the spleen.
    • Plasma Exchange: Plasma exchange may be required in the event of a medical emergency brought on by thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

    Precautions to Be Taken by Thrombocytopenia Patients

    People with low platelet counts should follow these guidelines:

    • Avoid using medications that thin the blood and raise the risk of bleeding without seeing a doctor.
    • Sports that might result in severe injuries should be played with caution.
    • Quit smoking if you do. Smoking makes blood clots more likely to occur. If you do consume alcohol, do so moderately.
    • When driving or riding in a car, always buckle up.


    Because it can result in internal bleeding of the brain or intestines, a low platelet count can be highly severe if left untreated. This might, in the worst-case scenarios, be fatal. Therefore, if one believes that he or she or any known person of theirs may be in danger, seeking medical attention is necessary.

     Treatment at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka

    Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, is one of India’s leading Thrombocytopenia treatment centres. We provide unparalleled patient care and precisely effective treatment for Thrombocytopenia. We rapidly apply our multispecialty skills to provide an edge in emergency treatment. To keep up with our promise to provide the best healthcare services, we also regularly monitor a number of crucial parameters while being wary of any potential complications.

    Schedule a visit with one of our doctors at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, to receive the best medical advice for your medical condition.

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