Benign Bone Tumours Treatment in Bangalore
When bone cells grow and divide uncontrollably, a lump or mass of aberrant tissue is created, resulting in bone tumours. There are some bone tumours that are benign or not cancerous, indicating that they won’t move from their primary location (site of origin) to another. These tumours might cause pain that might worsen over time.
Any portion of the skeletal system, including any of the bones, is susceptible to the development of tumours. The femur, pelvis, tibia, humerus, spine, and ribs are often the most frequently affected bones. The majority of benign bone cancers affect adults under the age of 30. Most benign bone tumours are discovered in children when their bones are still growing. When a child hits skeletal maturity, the term used to describe the point at which bones stop growing in length, many benign tumours stop growing or even subside.
What are the types of benign bone tumours?
The following are common examples of benign tumours that affect the bones:
- Osteoid osteoma – Small tumours that often affect any bone, but notably the long bones, and cause pain and suffering.
- Osteoblastoma – Rare and painful tumours that can form in the hands, feet, legs, and spine.
- Enchondroma – An internal bone tumour of the cartilage.
- Nonossifying fibroma – Fibrous lesions that often affect the femur and tibia.
- Osteochondroma – It is the most common kind and can develop in any bone, though it is more prevalent towards the ends of long bones.
- Periosteal chondroma – Rare types of cartilage tumours that develop on the surface of tiny bones, the hands, the feet, the femur, and the humerus.
- Giant cell tumour – Aggressively growing tumours that develop at the ends of the bones.
- Aneurysmal Bone Cysts – These tumours commonly afflict children and young adults, come back (recur) after treatment, and drastically enlarge the bones in the arms, legs, trunk, or head.
What Causes Bone Tumours?
There is no known cause of bone tumours. Genetics, radiation therapy, and bone traumas are a few potential reasons. The body’s organs that are expanding quickly often have tumours at certain times. Osteosarcoma is more likely to subsequently occur in those who have had bone fractures fixed with metal implants. Children whose skeletal growth is still in progress are more likely to develop bone tumours.
What signs & symptoms indicate benign bone tumours?
Most of the time, bone tumours have no symptoms and are only unintentionally found on an X-ray taken to diagnose an injury. The most common symptoms of benign bone tumours include:
- An apparent bulge or swelling.
- Pain that becomes worse and is potentially severe. Even while you are asleep, it could still hurt.
- Bone fractures or breaks that are brought on by weakened bones as a result of developing malignancy
How are benign bone tumours diagnosed?
Consult the top orthopaedic doctor at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, as soon as you suspect you may have a bone tumour for a precise diagnosis. The doctor will start by conducting a thorough physical examination and may then suggest tests like these:
- Imaging Tests such as X-Rays, Computed Tomography (CT) scans, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans.
- Bone Scan
For the diagnosis of a benign tumour, your attending doctor may request blood or urine testing. A biopsy could also be recommended by your doctor to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of Benign Bone Tumours at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka
Benign bone tumours cannot be treated in a straightforward way. The best course of action for treating a benign bone tumour will vary depending on the tumour’s kind, size, location, and impact on bone density. Your doctor may usually advise simply waiting and observing. During this time, it is advised to get regular X-rays or other tests to make sure they are not developing. Some benign tumours, particularly those that affect children, may go away over time. Medications can be used to treat the condition successfully as well. Also, the doctor can arrange for the imaging & biopsy to devise a treatment plan and have the tumour surgically removed.
All our doctors at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, are board-certified with years of experience in treating the patient with a successful course of treatment. Their approach entails the elimination of the tumours with the least amount of harm to the healthy tissues surrounding them and the greatest degree of functional recovery. The tumour is surgically removed, and the affected bone is then rebuilt with fresh, healthy bone. The treatment of these cancers may also involve minimally invasive techniques like radiofrequency ablation.
The Prognosis for Benign Bone Tumours
The prognosis for benign tumours is often favourable for patients, and the risks of tumour recurrence are typically less than 5%. Nevertheless, there is always a risk that a benign tumour can enlarge, return, or possibly develop into a malign tumour.
It’s crucial to follow your doctor’s advice for follow-up checkups and tests after treatment. In order to prevent problems, this could help in the early diagnosis of any recurrence. Additionally, it’s crucial to keep an eye out for any recurrence of symptoms in your body.