Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment in Bangalore
Soft tissue sarcomas are uncommon malignant tumours that develop in the tissues that cover and support your bones and internal organs. Although soft tissue sarcoma can develop anywhere on the body, the arms, legs, and abdomen are the most common sites for these tumours to develop.Soft tissue sarcomas can develop from different cell types in different places, and oncologists have identified around 50 distinct forms of these tumours. The types of soft tissue sarcomas that are often seen are as follows:
- Myxofibrosarcoma – This slow-growing form of soft tissue sarcoma tends to affect persons between the ages of 50 and 70. In the areas of the arms and legs, painless lumps may develop.
- Liposarcoma – In the body’s fatty tissue, liposarcoma develops. It often affects the limbs and abdomen and is more prevalent in elderly persons.
- Angiosarcoma – This is a rare kind of cancer that develops in the blood and lymphatic vessel lining.
- Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans –Dermis, the middle layer of the skin, is where this cancer starts developing. It may at first seem to be a bruise or scar. The arms, trunk, and legs are the parts of the body where this form of cancer is more prevalent.
- Leiomyosarcoma – Smooth muscle tissue is where this kind of soft tissue sarcoma develops. Although it may happen everywhere in the body, it is most frequent in the uterus and abdomen.
- Epithelioid Sarcoma- This is a slow-growing, uncommon kind of soft tissue sarcoma. This sort of cancer can act aggressively and can also develop in the groyne area.
- Kaposi’s Sarcoma – In the lymphatic and blood arteries, this kind of soft tissue sarcoma develops. This kind is aggressive and requires urgent medical care.
- Synovial Sarcoma – Young adults are more likely to get this type of cancer. Usually, it develops in the major joints, particularly the knees.
What causes soft tissue sarcomas?
Although there is no known cause for this disease, there are certain things that make you more likely to have it:
- Inherited (genetic) disorders such as Li Fraumeni syndrome, Gardner syndrome, etc.
- Having radiation therapy
- Having persistent lymphedema in the arms or legs
- Exposure to chemicals and radioactive substances
- Having AIDS or the human immunodeficiency virus.
What are soft tissue sarcoma symptoms?
Numerous symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma resemble those of other, less serious diseases. You ought to speak with a medical professional if you have:
- A fresh lump or one that is quickly expanding anywhere on your body.
- A growing bump that is painful.
- Experiencing worse abdominal pain.
- Poop that appears black or contains blood.
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Unexplained weight loss
Diagnosis of soft tissue sarcomas
You will be examined by the top oncologists and oncosurgeons at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, as per your symptoms, particularly any strange lumps or bumps on your body. A biopsy is usually required to diagnose sarcoma. To prevent the efficacy of future treatment from being compromised, a sarcoma biopsy should be carefully performed by a specialist.
In most of the cases, the oncologists at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, will require further tests to confirm the diagnosis.
- CT scan and/or MRI scan of the local tumour site
- CT scan of the chest
- Bone scan or PET scan
- Bone Marrow biopsy
- Molecular tests on the biopsy specimen
- Blood test
What are the stages of soft tissue sarcomas?
Soft tissue sarcomas are classified into four stages (Stage I to Stage IV) based on the size, location, and activity of the tumour as well as the tumour’s spread rate. In general, the prognosis is better with the lower the tumour’s stage.
- Stage 1 – The tumour is low-grade and small.
- Stage 2 – The tumour is small and of a higher grade.
- Stage 3 – The tumour is bigger and has a higher grade.
- Stage 4 – Your body’s organs have been affected by cancer’s spread. The regional lymph nodes may or may not have received any dissemination from the primary tumour, which can vary in size, grade, and kind.
Comprehensive Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcomas at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka
The type of tumour, its location, and its stage are among the variables that affect the treatments. Small soft tissue sarcomas that haven’t spread are treated by a specialised multidisciplinary team of medical professionals. The treatment options may combine a surgical approach, a mainstay option (wide excision), and medical care with types of therapies, such as:
- Chemotherapy (It has a limited role, hence provided based on histology, staging and multi-disciplinary team discussion)
- Radiation therapy (It is crucial and can be provided either post-operatively or pre-operatively based on site, size and histology.)
- Targeted therapy
Surgery to remove tumours is the most preferred form of treatment. A surgeon may claim to have “cured” a patient’s disease if they can remove a tumour before it develops and spreads.
After surgery and various forms of other treatment, however, soft tissue sarcomas can return. Stay in touch with the top oncologists at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, for regular follow-ups after the treatment to avoid the recurrence of the tumour.