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    Aplastic Anaemia
    Banner - Cancer Institute Apollo Hospital - Bangalore

    Aplastic Anaemia Treatment Hospital in Bangalore

    Aplastic Anaemia, not to be confused with anaemia, is a rare yet pretty serious blood condition that occurs when the bone marrow does not produce enough blood cells to sustain the optimum health of your body. It is sometimes also known as Bone Marrow failure. This medical condition of blood can occur at any age and can lead to fatigue, infections, and excessive or uncontrollable bleeding. It can develop slowly over time (chronic) or can appear suddenly (acute).

    What causes Aplastic Anaemia?

    In the healthy bone marrow, stem cells produce the three main components of blood, including red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes). However, in the condition of Aplastic Anaemia, these stem cells get damaged. As a result, the production of blood cells is hampered, leaving the bone marrow empty (Aplastic) of blood cells.

    The Stem cells can get damaged due to a variety of reasons. The most common cause of Aplastic Anaemia is an immune system problem, where your immune system starts attacking your stem cells in the bone marrow. This is called Acquired Aplastic Anaemia and is most common in older adults, but young adults are also susceptible. A random gene mutation can also cause damage in bone marrow, which is called Inherited Aplastic Anaemia which generally develops in younger children.

    Other factors that can lead to damaged bone marrow include – exposure to toxins, certain medications, radiation therapy, chemotherapy treatments, autoimmune disorders, viral infections, etc. In some cases, the exact cause of this condition may still remain unknown.

    What are the Symptoms of Aplastic Anaemia?

    Individuals suffering from Aplastic Anaemia might not show any noticeable symptoms. The most common symptoms of Aplastic Anaemia include –

    • Persistent fatigue,
    • Bleeding or bruising easily,
    • Heavy menstrual bleeding,
    • Shortness of breath,
    • Rapid or irregular heartbeats,
    • Prolonged bleeding from minor cuts, etc.

    Note that the intensity of these symptoms can vary from individual to individual. Some people do not show many symptoms, and others show manageable mild symptoms. While for some, emergency medical attention is required.

    How is Aplastic Anaemia diagnosed?

    Healthcare providers conduct a series of tests to diagnose Aplastic Anaemia Treatment Hospital in Bangalore. These tests may include –

    1. Blood tests – A blood test is usually conducted to check the levels of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets of the patient.
    2. Bone Marrow Biopsy – It involves removing a small sample of the bone marrow to evaluate under a microscope.

    Procedure for Aplastic Anaemia Treatment Hospital in Bangalore

    At Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, we understand the challenges that patients with Aplastic Anaemia face and offer comprehensive treatment options. The treatment depends on several factors that may include – the age of the patient, medical history, overall health, & the severity of the symptoms. Our experienced team of haematologists and oncologists work closely with patients to develop tailored treatment plans.

    The primary goal of Aplastic Anaemia Treatment Hospital in Bangalore is to restore the production of healthy blood cells. For many mild cases, various medications can be used to suppress the immune system from attacking the stem cells and stimulate the bone marrow to produce more blood. Treatment for Aplastic Anaemia can also involve blood transfusions to increase the level of red blood cells, which can treat symptoms like fatigue, and platelet transfusions to prevent excessive bleeding.

    However, bone marrow transplant becomes a necessity in the most severe cases. Bone marrow transplant, also called stem cell transplant, is the preferred treatment to cure Aplastic Anaemia. In bone marrow transplants, the damaged stem cells are replaced with healthy ones obtained from a donor. Usually, closest relatives, such as siblings or parents, act as the donor.

    How can I prevent Aplastic Anaemia?

    Unfortunately, doctors are yet to find any viable solution to prevent Aplastic Anaemia from occurring. Avoiding exposure to harmful chemicals (such as insecticides, herbicides, paint removers, etc.) and practising good hygiene may help in reducing the risk of developing Aplastic Anaemia.

    Final Notes from Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka

    Even though rare, Aplastic Anaemia is still quite a serious bone marrow disorder. Without proper Aplastic Anaemia Treatment Hospital in Bangalore, this condition can lead to an increased risk of serious infections, numerous heart problems, etc. At Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, we are committed to the best possible care & course of treatment for Aplastic Anaemia and other haematological conditions. Our dedicated team of experienced doctors and nurses understand the needs of each individual and provide the most personalised treatment experience to the patients.

    If you or your loved ones are dealing with Aplastic Anaemia, Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, is the perfect choice. You can trust us to deliver the care you deserve.

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