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    Arthritis Management

    Advanced Arthritis Management at Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore

    Arthritis is a kind of joint condition characterised by inflammation of one or more joints. It is a chronic disease that can have a significant impact on mobility. More than 180 million people in India are impacted by it. Although adults over the age of 50 are more likely to have arthritis, persons in their 30s are now also afflicted with this condition. Children as young as five years old might develop Rheumatoid Arthritis cases. To slow the spread of the disease, medications and proper lifestyle changes are required.

    Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis are the two main types of arthritis that may be roughly categorized, although there are additional types of arthritis that we shall discuss in this article.

    Types of Arthritis

    There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, which can impact the joints in the knees, ankles, wrists, thumbs, spinal column, and other places. The two types of arthritis that are most prevalent are:

    • Osteoarthritis

      The most common type of arthritis, Osteoarthritis, occurs when the soft cushiony cartilage layer between bones wears off, and the bones begin to scrape against each other. It’s a degenerative condition that can cause a lot of discomforting situations. Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects everyone over time but is also influenced by other variables such as weight, genetics, repetitive stress on certain joints, and a few metabolic illnesses that also cause Osteoarthritis.

    • Rheumatoid Arthritis

      An inflammatory disorder called Rheumatoid Arthritis causes the body to start attacking the joints. It causes severe swelling and inflammation between the joints, which is quite unpleasant. The skin, lungs, heart, and blood arteries are also affected, in addition to the bone cells. Rheumatoid Arthritis causes the lining between the bones to get damaged by the body’s immune system, making it uncomfortable and challenging to restart physical activity.

    Additional types of arthritis or ailments connected to it include:

    • Gout – This condition causes uric acid crystals to form in tiny joints, such as the big toe. It causes discomfort and inflammation.
    • Lupus – It is an ongoing autoimmune condition. It damages joints, tendons, and organs for brief periods of time.
    • Psoriatic Arthritis – Together with the common signs of arthritis, such as joint pain and swelling, psoriatic arthritis also causes skin rashes that typically contain silver-lined scales.
    • Thumb Arthritis – Thumb Arthritis is usually brought on by ageing. As a result, the thumb becomes stiff, painful, and swollen and has a smaller range of motion due to worn-out cartilage in the thumb joints.

    Causes of Arthritis

    Several factors can lead to the development of Arthritis in people. Its main causes include:

    • Age
    • Obesity
    • Family History
    • Infection, usually by bacteria or virus
    • An Autoimmune Condition
    • Physical injuries that cause injury-induced trauma
    • General “wear and tear” on joints

    Symptoms of Arthritis

    Depending on the disease and the joints it affects, Arthritis symptoms can range from moderate to severe. At least one-third of individuals worldwide suffer from Arthritis, which can occasionally be excruciatingly painful. Patients in clinical studies have been seen to experience pain that is seven out of 10 on the pain scale. Arthritis’s primary signs and symptoms include:

    • Joint pain and swelling
    • Redness of the skin around a joint
    • Stiffness, especially in the morning
    • Decreased range of motion
    • Limited movement

    Arthritis Treatment at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka

    Medication and physical therapy for Arthritis can treat the disease in its early stages. Anti-inflammatory medications usually reduce inflammation while reducing pain. If you’ve tried various treatments but are still in intense pain and unable to function, you can talk with your doctor about the following treatments:

    Cortisone Shots – Corticosteroid injections may help your joint feel less painful. With this process, your doctor numbs the skin around your joint before injecting medicine through a needle into the joint’s interior region.

    Visco-Supplementation – By providing some cushioning for your knee, injections of Hyaluronic Acid derivatives may provide pain reduction. Usually, injections are administered once a week over several weeks. There may be some temporary alleviation from pain.

    Surgical methods must be taken into consideration whenever the joint cartilage has suffered substantial degradation and is so severely injured that using the joint causes excruciating pain. Following a comprehensive general examination of the patient, surgery should be recommended. Depending on the patient’s health and the doctor’s evaluation, a variety of surgical treatments are possible for treating arthritis. They comprise:

    • Total Knee Replacement – Complete knee replacement, also known as “Arthroplasty,” involves lining the joints with prosthetic devices. High Flexion Knees, a brand-new design, allow for an almost full range of motion.
    • Total Hip Replacement – Complete Hip Replacements are classified into two types: Cemented prosthetics and Uncemented prosthetics. Patients must provide the surgeon with a thorough explanation of their medical background since it may affect the course of their surgery and its outcome.
    • Arthroscopic Debridement – To treat Arthritis in the knee, a telescope is placed into the joint and debris from wear and strain is extracted.
    • Unicondylar Knee Replacement – Just one-half of the knee joint is worn out in certain people. Just one side of the knee is replaced in these cases. It is possible in some cases, which only the arthritis specialist can assess and advise on.

    Preventive Measure for Arthritis

    Arthritis can be avoided by taking the following simple steps:

    • Avoid situations that might harm your bones when playing leisure sports like volleyball, soccer, basketball, or any other sport. Few types of Arthritis develop as a result of injury-related joint damage.
    • A healthy weight and regular exercise can help stave against arthritis.
    • Take the necessary precautions to make sure that the weight does not fall on the joints while lifting heavy goods or when dragging or pushing big things.
    • If you smoke, stop immediately because both active and passive smoking dramatically increases the risk of developing this condition.

    At Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, you will receive early diagnosis and precise treatment to assist people in effectively managing their Arthritis. Our patients enjoy a normal life with the correct sort of care and alterations to their daily lifestyle and diet. The Arthritis experts at Apollo Hospitals, one of the top hospitals in Karnataka, provide top-notch care combined with cutting-edge technology to guarantee you get the finest treatment and care possible.

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