Moles commonly form in youth or adolescence and can be of any colour, from your original skin tone to pink, brown, or black. More often than not, those with darker skin or hair have moles that are darker in colour. Most moles are harmless, but your doctor may advise you to get one removed if it appears worrisome. A physician who focuses on diagnosing and treating skin conditions is known as a Dermatologist. The mole is taken out of your skin during a mole removal surgery. During a brief outpatient procedure, your doctor may also examine the mole to check for skin cancer.
Skin lumps or swellings are abnormally elevated regions of skin. The lumps could be soft and moveable or solid and unyielding. The majority of skin lumps are benign or non-cancerous. Most of the time, skin bumps don’t endanger your health. However, if you have any concerns about any strange growths on your skin, consult a Dermatologist or your doctor.
Types of Excision at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka
The two primary techniques for removing moles are:
- Surgical excision
- Shave excision
Mole removal surgeries have risks and advantages like any other surgical operation. Your Dermatologist can suggest the most appropriate course of action.
Although some doctors remove moles using lasers, electric currents, or liquid nitrogen, these methods are often not advised. If you use these techniques, there won’t be a sample of your mole available for analysis to determine the type of mole you have. After receiving these treatments, moles are also more likely to return.
Before the Procedure
If your face or neck is the target region, it is generally advised against wearing makeup on the day of your session. Your doctor examines your skin before performing a mole removal operation. They could take images of your moles to use as a reference point later. To examine the mole more closely and decide how to remove it effectively, they could also use a device known as a dermoscope. Your healthcare practitioner will mark the skin regions that need to be removed. They will clean the area and give you some numbing medication (anaesthetic). This might be injected at the surgery site or administered topically to your skin.
During the Procedure
Surgical Excision – For the removal of moles, excision is a widely used procedure. After cleaning and numbing the region, your surgeon cut the mole from the surrounding skin using a scalpel. Depending on the type of mole, a margin of healthy skin may be excised to guarantee that all abnormal cells are eliminated. The mole is then removed after grasping it with surgical forceps. To stop the bleeding before sewing the region back together, your surgeon may apply pressure to the area or carry out precision burning.
Shave Excision – The excision of moles using a blade is another common method. In certain cases, shaving a mole off rather than excising it is an option. After healing, individuals are often pleased with the results of a shave excision, which can also provide a tissue sample for further analysis. This minimally invasive procedure can effectively remove moles, skin tags, and other skin growths, leaving minimal scarring and promoting a speedy recovery. However, moles removed using a razor incision have a slightly higher chance of recurrence than those removed surgically.
Your Dermatologist gently trims the growth down to the skin level using a single or double-bladed razor. They might briefly burn the area around the mole that was extracted to reduce any scarring that might develop after healing.
Cryotherapy – The Dermatologist puts liquid nitrogen to freeze moles. The freezing temperature kills the cells that make up the mole. The body’s immune system develops a coating of dried blood over the region, which heals quickly.
Radiofrequency – High-frequency radio waves through an electrode are used in this technique to destroy the mole. It works best on moles that can be safely removed and are not malignant. In addition, the treatment produces extremely successful cosmetic outcomes because no sutures are needed.
After the Procedure
Following the removal of your mole, your doctor will apply petroleum jelly to the region and wrap it in a bandage. Keep the area wet (with the jelly) for a few days, and clean it frequently. Your general health and the size of the mole you have removed will affect how quickly you recover. Healing time following mole removal is most likely two to three weeks. You can go about your normal routine during this period, though you might experience some pain in the region.
Dermatologists typically remove moles permanently. Nonetheless, a few moles return. Get in touch with your doctor if a mole you had removed reappears after healing.
Risks and Complications of Excision
- The mole is not completely removed. This indicates that more surgery may be required, or the mole might return.
- Swelling and bruising
- Infection and pain
- Nerves nearby are harmed.
Treatment at Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka
Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, is one of the best hospitals for cosmetic surgeries, with domain experts for any skin problems. We offer various services, from consultations to surgery and care. With the help of our hospital’s top Dermatologists, you can expect the best treatment for your skin issues.