Mitral Valve Prolapse

Mitral Valve Prolapse – Apollo Hospital, Karnataka

There are four heart valves in total, and the mitral valve is one of four valves in the heart. The left atrium and the left ventricle are where the mitral valve is located within the heart. It regulates the movement of blood from the atrium into the ventricle. In a healthy heart, as the left ventricle contracts, the mitral valve completely shuts. As a result, blood is unable to ascend back into the left atrium and instead flows forward. The structure of the mitral valve is abnormal in those who have Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP).

As a result of the flaps, or leaflets, blowing during the contraction of the heart, blood may migrate from the left ventricle into the left atrium. However, Mitral Regurgitation is the medical term for this blood leaking that occurs backwards. Each patient with the condition experiences a different amount of blood recirculation into the left atrium.

Who is more affected by Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP)?
Every age group can be impacted by Mitral Valve Prolapse. It is a congenital condition that mostly affects people with connective tissue abnormalities. Women and those who were assigned feminine gender at birth are more likely to have this condition. However, men and those who are born with the gender given to them are more prone to experience severe mitral valve regurgitation. In the general population, Mitral Valve Prolapse affects 2% to 3% of people.

Causes of Mitral Valve Prolapse
Generally, due to a mitral valve defect, mitral valve prolapse happens. The following are typical defects that lead to mitral valve prolapse:

  • Valve tissue weakness
  • The mitral valve’s leaflets might be exceptionally lengthy.
  • The valve’s leaflets might be overly loose, which would cause them to push back into the heart’s atrium.
  • The mitral valve opening has been strained and cannot seal completely.

Though the exact cause of mitral valve prolapse is unknown, hereditary factors are considered to have a role. Due to the fact that the problem frequently runs in families, many persons with mitral valve prolapse have it from birth. As the heart ages, the valve leaflets stretch and deteriorate.
Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse
Most patients with MVP don’t have any symptoms. Often, the diagnosis will be unexpected. Those who do exhibit symptoms may not have a severe type of condition. Some people, however, experience symptoms that worsen with time.

Although they can differ from person to person, these symptoms may include the following:

  • Palpitations, often known as the sensation that your heart is pounding rapidly or with a skip in a beat
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Unrelated to a heart attack or another disease, chest pain and discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Anxiety
  • Migraines
  • As you get up, your blood pressure drops too low

Anyone exhibiting these signs should schedule an appointment with our top cardiologists at Apollo Hospital, Karnataka, and get a routine thorough diagnosis.

Diagnosis of Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP)
Similar symptoms to those of mitral valve prolapse are caused by several different diseases. To rule out a heart attack, anyone suffering excruciating chest discomfort has to get immediate attention. Tests and a physical examination are used to identify mitral valve disease.

Physical Exam – The doctor will detect a murmur followed by a clicking sound if you have mitral valve prolapse. The doctor will also talk to you about your family history and medical history while performing your checkup. They will advise at least one test to confirm the diagnosis if they have reason to believe you have MVP or another serious valve problem.

  • Echocardiography
  • An exercise stress Echocardiogram
  • A test called an Electrocardiogram (EKG) that monitors the electrical activity of the heart
  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac catheterization.

Treatment of Mitral Valve Prolapse at Apollo Hospital, Karnataka
Frequently, people with Mitral Valve Prolapse do not require medical attention. The condition will not be obvious if you have a minor MVP. However, our doctors, as a safety measure, could advise therapy if a patient with MVP exhibits symptoms or has a sizable volume of blood regurgitating into the left atrium.

Depending on the degree of the prolapse and symptoms, there are many treatment options present at Apollo Hospital, Karnataka. The following alternatives are included in treatments:

  • Close Monitoring
  • Medication
  • Surgical Procedure (if required)

Treatment for MVP often consists of conscious management. With this method, a patient will go to the doctor for examinations on a regular basis and report any new symptoms that could indicate the disease is deteriorating. Surgery is often only advised by our cardiologists if there is significant blood flow back into the atrium, which results in symptoms that are severe or consequences that are more serious.

The surgical alternatives include:

  • Mitral valve repair
  • MitraClip
  • Valve replacement

Traditional open surgery is frequently used for replacement and repair. However, technology has also made minimally invasive and percutaneous procedures possible. The optimum course of therapy for you will depend on a variety of variables, including:

  • Your age.
  • Your medical history.
  • The present state of your health
  • If you need to get treatment for any further cardiac conditions.

Find out which treatment strategy is most suitable for you by consulting the experienced heart doctors at Apollo Hospital, Karnataka. The advantages must outweigh the hazards, as with any treatment. Prior to undergoing any operation or treatment, be sure you are aware of the advantages and hazards.

Is it possible to prevent Mitral Valve Prolapse?
Although there is no one strategy to specifically prevent Mitral Valve Prolapse, you can lower your chance of developing acquired heart valve disease.

  • Include scheduled exercise and physical activity in your everyday routine.
  • Adhere to a diet that is heart-healthy.
  • Give up using tobacco products & smoking.
  • Manage diseases including diabetes and high Blood Pressure (BP).
  • Maintain a healthy weight.

Heart Care Facility at Apollo Hospital, Karnataka
Mitral Valve Prolapse often does not have any significant effects on your life. However, if it results in mitral regurgitation (a leaky valve), you could require therapy and other treatment options to stop or lessen heart damage.

Under the guidance of experienced cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons, we at Apollo Hospital, Karnataka, offer heart care services for both adults and children with the aid of our state-of-the-art facilities available round-the-clock. Our heart care centre also provides a fantastic cardiac rehabilitation programme with a focus on post-operative care for cardiac patients.

Apollo Hospital, Karnataka, is dedicated to building enduring connections with its patients by providing them with the personalised care of the highest calibre. Contact us right now to learn more about your heart problems and arrange an appointment with a cardiovascular expert.

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