State-of-the-art Critical Care units need the integration of several medical specialties and technologies, so that they can offer the best chance of survival to patients who are acutely and critically ill. Meticulous organization of Critical Care services is needed to achieve good results in outcome measures such as mortality, length of stay and infection rates.
Training of nurses in handling critically ill patients, standardized care processes through the deployment of clinical pathways and sensitivity towards ethical and economic issues related to Critical Care are vital to a successful Critical Care program.
- Acutely ill patients are vulnerable to healthcare associated infections, resulting in morbidity and a prolonged length of hospital stay
- We have infection control protocols that are a set of interventions developed by the Infection control specialists, Intensivists & Anesthetists
- ICUs are areas where mistakes & omissions in care can result in life threatening situations. Compliance with hospital and unit infection control policies is mandatory in the ICU. Processes like hand-washing before & after examining a patient; use of alcohol hand rubs; use of sterile barriers & disposable gloves; safe disposal of all sharps & patient consumables; & traffic control are practiced and monitored carefully.
- Checklist of care is prepared and followed .Checklist use has indeed reduced ALOS & improved infection control parameters.