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    Bladder Cancer Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies

    Bladder Cancer Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies

    December 22, 2023

    Bladder Cancer poses a significant health concern globally. The most common way that bladder cancer manifests itself is when it starts in the urothelial cells, which line the bladder.

    Understanding the risk factors associated with this disease is crucial for prevention and early detection. While certain factors are modifiable through lifestyle changes, others are beyond individual control, highlighting the importance of proactive measures and awareness.

    Bladder Cancer Risk Factors

    Any factor that increases the likelihood of developing a medical illness, such as cancer, is known to be a risk factor. There are multiple risk factors for different tumours. Some risks, such as weight or smoking, can be changed while others cannot – like age or family history. But just because you have one or more risk factors does not mean that you are going to get the disease. Not all individuals with bladder cancer have known risk factors, and a lot of people who have these types of risks don’t get this disease.

    However, as there may be actions that you can take to diminish your risk of suffering from bladder cancer, it is important for you to understand the disease risks. Certain tests may be helpful if you have a greater risk since they can detect it early when treatment is most likely to be beneficial. The chance of developing bladder cancer is increased by certain risk factors.

    Risk Factors That Can Be Managed

    • Smoking: Smoking is the top risk factor for bladder cancer. Tobacco use increases significantly the chance of developing cancer – smokers are at least thrice more likely to develop bladder cancers than non-smokers. Smoking also contributes to deposits of toxic substances in the urine that can actually attack and damage your bladder wall. That might result in cancer. To minimise your risk of bladder cancer, quit all these cigarettes, cigars, and pipes. These are the guidelines you should follow to quit smoking.
    • Workplace Exposures: There is a connection between the way that some chemicals are used in working environments and increased odds of developing bladder cancer. Doctors assume that due to the fact that kidneys help you get rid of harmful substances in your circulation and send them onward into the bladder, exposure to certain compounds increases the chances of getting bladder cancer. Rubber, dyes, leather and paint materials may affect bladder cancer risk.
    • Arsenic in Drinking Water: High levels of arsenic in drinking water have been related in several studies to an increased risk of bladder cancer. In regions with high arsenic levels in drinking water, long-term exposure may contribute to bladder cancer risk.
    • Medicines: Bladder cancer and certain medications have been linked. A patient’s chance of acquiring this cancer may increase if they use the diabetic medication pioglitazone for longer than a year, according to the doctor. Additionally, radiation therapy and chemotherapy drugs like cyclophosphamide may increase the risk of bladder cancer.
    • Supplements: The use of dietary supplements containing aristolochic acid may increase your risk of bladder cancer. This ingredient is frequently present in herbal remedies of weight loss, inflammation, gout, and arthritis. Steer clear of aristolochic acid-containing supplements to lower your chance.
    • Inadequate Fluid Intake: Bladder cancer risk may be increased by dehydration. Individuals who consume large amounts of water on a daily basis tend to empty their bladders more frequently, which may prevent dangerous substances from remaining in the bladder.

    Other Inevitable Risk Factors

    • Race and Ethnicity: Individuals of Caucasian descent are at a higher risk, although people of other races can also develop bladder cancer.
    • Age: The likelihood of developing bladder cancer increases with age. The majority of bladder cancer cases affect elderly people. Nine out of ten patients with this cancer are above the age of fifty-five. Most cases of bladder cancer occur in adults 73 years of age on average.
    • Sex: Men are more prone to bladder cancer than women, although the reasons for this discrepancy remain unclear.
    • Chronic Bladder Irritation and Infections: Persistent bladder irritation or recurrent infections may contribute to increased risk over time. Bladder cancer has been associated with certain bladder issues, such as long-standing infections of the urinary tract, kidney and bladder stones, and post-operative persistence of a catheter within the bladder.
    • Personal History of Bladder or Other Urothelial Cancers: Even after your tumour is removed, you still run the chance of developing cancer again if you have cancer somewhere in your urinary tract. In the event that you have previously had bladder cancer, your doctor would probably monitor you closely to ensure no new malignancies have emerged.
    • Bladder Birth Defects: Congenital abnormalities in the bladder might predispose individuals to bladder cancer.
    • Genetics and Family History: You may be more susceptible to bladder cancer if you have a family history of the disease or if you have nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, most often referred to as “Lynch syndrome,” a genetic disorder that causes bladder cancer. Additionally, several mutations may increase your risk of developing this cancer, including those of the PTEN and RB1 genes.
    • Chemotherapy or Radiation Therapy: Previous cancer treatments involving radiation or certain chemotherapy drugs might elevate the risk of bladder cancer later in life.

    Prevention Strategies

    There are things you may do to help lower your chance of developing bladder cancer, even though there is no surefire method to avoid it. Among these stages are:

    • Smoking Cessation: Give up smoking and abstain from all tobacco products to lower your chance of bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is more common among those who smoke. Support programs, nicotine replacement therapies, and counselling can aid in cessation.
    • Limit Occupational Exposure: Bladder cancer risk has been linked to some chemicals, particularly those present in workplaces. There is evidence linking certain types of cancer to chemicals used in the printing, paint, leather, rubber, and textile industries. A lot of dye handling requires caution from hair stylists as well. It is imperative that anybody handling these compounds adhere to the necessary safety precautions at all times. When possible, follow safety protocols and use protective gear to minimise contact with harmful chemicals at work.
    • Eat a Well-balanced Diet and Keep Your Weight in Check: Consuming a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can help prevent many diseases, including cancer. Improving general health can also be achieved by cutting down on fat and red meat.
    • Monitor Medication Use: Consult healthcare providers about potential risks associated with long-term medication or herbal supplement use and explore alternatives if necessary.
    • Stay Hydrated: It has been demonstrated that drinking lots of fluids, particularly water, can reduce your chance of developing bladder cancer by clearing the bladder of irritants and toxins. Regularly test and, if needed, treat water sources to minimise arsenic exposure.
    • Regular Medical Check-ups: To find bladder cancer early, people should get frequent checkups, especially if they smoke, have a history of persistent bladder infections, or have family or medical history of bladder cancer.

    Why choose Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka?

    Apollo Hospital’s comprehensive approach and state-of-the-art equipment make it an exceptional option for treating bladder cancer. Their dedicated cancer section combines revolutionary diagnostic technology with individualised care to guarantee precise and timely treatment methods. Prominent urologists and oncologists work together to provide all-encompassing care, from early diagnosis to cutting-edge treatments. With our cutting-edge facilities and patient-first philosophy, Apollo Hospitals, Karnataka, places a high value on customised care and offers assistance at every turn. Choosing us guarantees access to top-notch knowledgeable healthcare experts and a caring setting committed to successfully treating bladder cancer.

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