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Knee Replacement Surgery

All about Knee Replacement Surgery

You are unable to move as freely as you once did. Walking, climbing a flight of stairs, or even getting out of a chair is excruciating. Medicines, injections, and physical therapy have all been attempted. Nothing appears to be working. If this is the case, knee replacement surgery may be necessary.

A knee replacement is a surgical operation that involves replacing the damaged knee joint with an artificial one. The knee is a hinge joint that allows movement at the intersection of the thigh and the lower leg. At the knee joint, the thighbone (or femur) meets the big bone of the lower leg (tibia). Apollomedics Lucknow is now offering Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery. Robotic orthopaedic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical approach that utilizes Artificial intelligence-driven advanced robotic technology to enhance precision and accuracy during surgery.

Why Would I Need Surgery?

The most common reason for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. When cartilage — the cushion between the knee and the bone joints — breaks down, the age-related ailment emerges.

Other considerations include:

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system of the body targets and damages the lining of the knee.

Bowed legs, sometimes known as “knock-knees,” are common deformities that require surgery to fix.

Knee injuries occurs when a broken bone or damaged ligaments surrounding the knee can lead to arthritis, which is painful and restricts movement.

What are the risks of a total knee replacement surgery?

Blood clots in the legs that can migrate to the lungs are one of the risks following total knee replacement (pulmonary embolism).

Symptoms of a pulmonary embolism include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain and
  • Even shock

Other Risks Include:

Urinary tract infection, nausea, and vomiting are among the other dangers (usually related to pain medication)

  • persistent knee stiffness and discomfort
  • a clot in the knee joint,
  • harm to the nerves,
  • harm to the blood vessels, and
  • Infection of the knee, which may necessitate surgery.,

Anesthesia also poses hazards to the heart, lungs, and other organs.

  • kidney as well as
  • Damage to the liver.
Various Surgical Procedures/Types of Knee Replacement

Knee replacement surgery is divided into five categories:

  1. Total Knee replacement- This is the most typical variant. The surfaces of the thigh and shin bones that attach to the knee are replaced by your surgeon.
  2. Partial Knee replacement- This procedure may be an option if your arthritis affects only one side of your knee. It’s only appropriate for you if your knee ligaments are robust and the rest of your cartilage in the knee is normal. A partial knee replacement can be done with a smaller incision than a whole knee replacement.
  3. Patellofemoral replacement- Only the underside of the kneecap and the groove in which it sits are replaced. For patients with persistent kneecap arthritis, this can be really beneficial.
  4. Complex Knee replacement-If you have severe arthritis or have had two or three knee replacement procedures, this treatment may be necessary.
  5. Cartilage restoration- In some cases, a living cartilage graft or cells that develop into cartilage can be used to repair an isolated area of injury or wear on the knee.
How long is the recovery?

Every patient recovers at their own speed after surgery. When it is safe to resume normal activities, your doctor will advise you. Here are some pointers:

  • 3-6 weeks of household duties
  • 6-8 weeks of work
  • 6-8 weeks of swimming
  • Driving is expected to take 6-8 weeks for the right knee.
Is Knee Replacement a Good Option for You?

You, your family, your primary care doctor, and your orthopaedic surgeon should all work together to make the decision to have complete knee replacement surgery. Your doctor can recommend you to an orthopaedic surgeon for a full examination to see if this operation is right for you.

Request a consultation with our orthopaedic surgeon at Apollo Hospitals Lucknow

To book an appointment contact- 8429029838 or 8429021812

Doctor’s Profile

Col (Dr) Narinder Kumar

Senior Consultant
Orthopedics & Joint Replacement

Dr Sanjai Kumar Srivastava

MS – Orthopaedics
Chairman Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement

Dr. Kamal Kishor Gupta

Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement

Dr. Saurabh Jain

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