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Due to a head injury as a result of accidents, falls or blows to the head, there arises a life-threatening condition of a vein rupture, resulting in blood clotting and collecting on the brains' surface just underneath the skin. This condition is called a subdural hematoma.


Typical symptoms of a subdural hematoma are very similar to the symptoms of dementia, stroke, tumors or other brain-related problems like the following:

  • Speech slurring
  • Loss of consciousness, fainting or going into coma
  • Seizures
  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Severe headaches
  • Vision problems

Risk Factors

Complications and risks associated with subdural hematoma are determined by the extent and severity of the brain injury -

  • Brain herniation which induces pressure on your brain thus causing coma or even death
  • Permanent muscle weakness and numbness


Usually, the doctor will ask for:

  • imaging tests like a CT or MRI scan to have a clear and in-depth picture of the brain, the skull, veins and blood vessels and also, to check if there's any blood on the brain.
  • Blood test for a complete blood count
  • A physical examination to check vitals - heart rate and blood pressure to rule out internal bleeding


The various treatment options are

  • Craniotomy which is a surgical procedure where a part of the skull is removed with suction and irrigation to remove/treat blood clots due to large or acute subdural hematomas.
  • Burr hole procedure where small holes are made on the skull and rubber tubes are inserted to drain out smaller blood clots in the hematomas
  • Anti-seizure medications to counter seizures due to subdural hematoma
  • Medication to treat brain injury
  • Prescription of corticosteroids to reduce inflammation in the brain
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