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Definition

Acne is a skin condition caused when greasy secretions from the sebaceous glands plug up the openings of the hair follicles. It is more commonly known as a pimple outbreak.

Symptoms

Depending on how severe the condition is, acne mostly erupts in the form of:

  • Pimples
  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Small red tender bumps
  • Pus-filled lumps
  • Large solid painful lumps

Risk Factors

There are a number of factors that may add to developing acne such as:

  • Family history of acne
  • Contact with greasy or oily substances
  • Friction of the skin
  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress

Diagnosis

The diagnosis for acne can be self-assessed, based on the symptoms given above. But if the acne persists, medical intervention is required and the doctor may run some basic tests and refer a dermatologist.

Treatment

In most cases, over-the-counter medication such as ointments and creams help in treating acne. Apart from this, just to help clear marks and scars, the dermatologist may prescribe additional but mild medication.

Adult Acne

Acne can be particularly wearisome for grownups. A fix that worked perfectly during teenage may now be futile or even worsen it further.

Causes for Adult Acne

Some adults are frequently prone to acne even in their 30s or 40s, and 50s. Acne can first occur in an adult even at the above mentioned age. Dermatologists refer to this as "adult-onset acne" and are more common in women in the menopause stage. Reasons for acne can be any of the following reasons:

Fluctuating Hormone Levels: Adiscrepancy can lead to outbreaks. Women time and again experience fluctuating hormones:

  • During their periods
  • Pregnancy, around menopause, and during menopause
  • Use of oral contraceptives can also affect the sebum production

Stress: Researchers have discovered an interlinked association between stress and acne. Stress increases the production of androgens in our body and these hormones kindle the oil glands and hair follicles in the skin leading to outburst of acne.

Genetic History: Research suggests that some individuals may have a genetic predilection for acne and develop adult acne during their lifetime.

Hair and Skin Care Goods: Using hair and skin care products that contain strong or irritating substances can cause adult acne. At least one of the below terms mentioned in skin and hair products are least likely to cause acne:

  • Non-comedogenic
  • Non-acnegenic
  • Oil-free
  • Does not clog pores

Medication Side Effect: One or many components of a medicine can trigger acne. Ifit is a possible side effect, consult the doctor immediately.

Undiagnosed Medical Condition: Acne can be an unnoticed sign of an underlying infection. It clears once the infection is treated.

Consulting a dermatologist also helps in clearing the acne. A couple of sessions of effective treatment with the help of the dermatologist can control acne.

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