Similar to any other body organ, heart also needs a regular supply of oxygenated blood. It is the job of coronary arteries to supply blood to the heart muscles.
Bypass surgery, or Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, is performed to replace the damaged coronary arteries. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is the most commonly performed open heart surgery. This surgical procedure directs the blood flow away from a blocked or partially blocked artery. Also, a new pathway is created to improve the flow of blood to the heart muscles.
When and why is bypass surgery performed?
Bypass Surgery is performed when the blood vessels that supplies blood to the heart muscles gets clogged or hardens due to plaque accumulation. It may not be required to perform the surgery in all the cases. Following are some of the situations that may necessitate bypass surgery:
- Severe Chest Pain – Due to the narrowing of multiple arteries that supply blood to heart muscles, light exercise or even during rest muscles may be left short of blood. Angioplasty or stenting may resolve the problem in some cases. However, for some blockages, bypass surgery may be the only option.
- Multiple blockages and poorly functioning left ventricle – Left ventricle is the heart’s main pumping chamber. If the disease starts to affect left ventricle’s functions, then bypass may become necessary.
- Left main artery blockage – Left main coronary artery supplies most of the blood to left ventricle. If this artery is severely blocked, then also bypass will be required.
- If a person underwent unsuccessful angioplasty or stenting in the past, then bypass may be the only option.
Under the normal circumstances, a patient is usually required to stay in the hospital for 3 to 8 days post-surgery. However, it may take anywhere near 6 to 8 weeks for complete recovery. During this time, the patient should take special care and follow all the doctor’s instructions thoroughly to avoid any complications. The important thing to remember is that surgery can resolve a heart issue, but it’s essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle post-surgery to avoid the recurrence of any heart issues.
Heart Care at Apollo
The cardiac and cardiothoracic surgeons at Apollo Heart Institutes aim to prevent and treat all types of cardiac diseases better. It is our goal to make cardiac care as convenient as possible. For any further queries, consult online with Apollo Cardiologists today.