A number of women of reproductive age all over the world suffer from the hormonal disorder Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD). PCOD occurs when a woman’s hormones are imbalanced and numerous cysts accumulate in the ovaries. The cysts are fluid filled and contain undeveloped eggs.
There is no particular cause of PCOD but it is known that women suffering from this ailment produce more male hormones called androgens than normal which makes them insulin resistant. Insulin resistance further causes an increase in the production of male hormones. This resulting hormonal imbalance gives rise to symptoms of PCOD.
PCOD produces a number of symptoms which are the only way to identify the condition. It has to be noted that no two women show the same symptoms but if any woman shows at least two of them at the same time, then it is a cause for concern.
Some of the symptoms of PCOD include:
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Weight gain
- Excessive facial hair growth
- Thinning hair
- Skin problems
PCOD not only causes fertility problems but leads to other health issues as well if not diagnosed and monitored properly.
If neglected, PCOD can lead to:
- Ovarian cancer
- Uterine cancer
- Heart problems
Because of the seriousness of the complications that can arise from PCOD, it is extremely important to seek treatment for it immediately. There are a number of treatment options made available based on the age of the woman and symptoms. The patient’s complete medical history is taken into consideration including the couple’s pregnancy plans before a course of treatment is suggested. If you suspect any symptoms, get yourself tested at the earliest.
Some of the treatment options available are:
- Birth control pills to regulate the menstrual cycle
- Anti-hair growth medicines
- Hair loss treatments
- Ovulation induction
- Insulin sensitising injections
- Solutions/treatments for skin problems
The easiest way to keep PCOD at bay is by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Follow a healthy diet without too many carbohydrates, and replace them with vegetables and fruits so that blood sugar levels are in control. Exercise regularly for an hour every day to keep weight in check. Regular exercise also regulates insulin production in the body which is very important for those with PCOD. Visit a doctor as soon as you see any symptoms so that immediate relief can be sought.