About Us
Let's Talk Health

About Us


Introducing Let's Talk Health, an initiative from Apollo Hospitals, where our endeavor is to share knowledge which you can use to keep yourself and your family fit & healthy.

Let's Talk Health.
Let's Talk Happiness.

Tags

#BeatDiabetes#CareForHer#GiftAnOrgan#KnowHepatitis#SayNoToDiabetes#UniteToEndTB3D printing of organsAbdomenAbdominoplastyAbnormal Utrine BleedingACacidityACL injuriesAcoustic neuroma in childrenActive ChildrenAcute Abdomen and AppendicitisAcute LeukaemiaADHDAdverse drug eventsAIDSAir PollutionAlzheimer's diseaseAnkylosing SpondylitisApollo Breast CentreAppendicitisApricotsArthritisArthritis AwarenessArtificial PancreasAsthmaAthlete's FootAutismBaby AcneBaby Bottle Tooth Decayback painBack problemsBariatric Surgery BenefitsBeautyBeetroot benefitsBiomedical Waste ManagementBirth ControlbladdercancerBlepharoplasty Eyelid RejuvenationBlood PrressurebloodpressureBone & JointBone Marrow TransplantBonesbrainBrain changeBreast CancerBreast cancer myths & factsbreastcancerBreastfeedingBronchitisBypass SurgeryCABGCalcium Rich Dietcaloriescan nanotechnology be the future of orthopedicscancerCancer CareCancer mythsCancer PreventionCancer risksCarbohydratesCardiaccardiac arrestCardiac riskCardio Vascular DiseasesCardiovascular DiseasesCardiovascular emergenciescareCartilageCataractCauses of CancercavitiesCerebral StrokeCervical Disc ProlapseCesarean AwarenesscheckupChemotherapy Carechest painchickenpoxChickenpox In ChildrenchildChild careChild Healthchildbirthchildcarechildhood obesityChildrenChilliesChocolateChocolate BrownieChokingCholangitisCholesterolCholesterol ratioChronic Health ConditionsClean watercoldColds in PregnancyColon CancerColonoscopyColorectal CancerComfort Foods & HealthCommon coldCongenitalconstipationcontactlensescornealtransplantCoronary Artery Bypass GraftingCosmetic Ear SurgeryCosmetic SurgeryCosmetic Tooth ImplantsCPRCradle capCriggler NajjarCureDairy ProductsDark chocolate benefitsDehydrationDementiaDengueDengue feverDentalDental CareDental MythsDepressiondepression helpDepression Myths and Factsdepression signs and symptomsdepression symptomsDepression Vs SadnessDiabetesDiabetes mellitusDiabetic footDiagnosisDiaper rashdiarrhoeaDietDieting mythsdiseasesDiwaliDrivingdyslexiaEar CareearpainearsEating DisorderseggsElbow InjuryEmergencyEmphysemaexamsExerciseExercise for bachacheExercises to prevent memory lossexperienceeyeEye careEye dropsEye exercisesEye FlueyecancerfathersfattyliverFertility TreatmentfertilizationfestivalsFibroidsFire accidentsFire carefitnessFitness AppsFitness blundersflatfeetFlax seedsFlip-flop foot problemsFluFlu VaccinationFoodFood additivesFood AllergiesFood for Brainfood guideFoot painFrozen shoulderfruitsGastric problemsGastrointestinal BleedingGastrointestinal TractGeneticsGERDGluttonyGymGynaecologyGynecologyhairHair careHair lossHair RestorationHand hygieneHand washhappinessHazardous wasteHead injuryHeadacheHealthHealth & BeautyHealth care unithealth check benefitsHealth hazards of prolonged sittingHealth ManagementHealth tipshealthcareHealthcare for womenHealthcare Service QualityHealthcare workers (HCWs)Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)healthcheckhealthyHealthy backHealthy foodHealthy HeartHealthy recipehealthyheartHeartHeart AttackHeart HealthHeart Valve Diseasesheartdiseaseheel painHelp loved ones fight depressionherniaHigh Blood PressureHip FractureHIVHoli CareHormonesHow to deal with cutsHuman developmenthydratedHydrocephalusHypertensionHypothyroidismhysterectomyIBSImmune systemIndia Water WeekInfant diarrhoeainfant teethinginfectionInfertilityINSULINIntensive Care UnitIntraocular LensesInventionIrritable bowel syndromeJaundiceJaundice in babiesJuvenile DiabetesKeratoconuskidneyKidney StonekidneycancerkidsKnee ArthroscopyKnee painlarynxLeukemiaLifestyleLifestyle changesLifestyle diseasesLight Induced TraumaLimb length discrepancyLiver cancerLiver TransplantlivertransplantloyaltyLung CancerLung InfectionLung transplantationlungcancerlungsLymphomamalariaMangoMedical & Fitness ParametersMedication errorsMedication safetyMediterranean DietMelanomaMemory lossMenopausemenstrual cycleMenstrual HygienemenstruationMental Disordersmental healthMiddleearMintMonsoonmosquitomotherMotherhoodmothersmouthMuscleacheMythsnanotechnologyNasal allergiesNatural childbirthNauseaNeck painNerveNeurological DisordersNoisy earNose BleedNose reshapingnosebleedNosebleedsNutritionOats with dried fruitsObesityObesity & mental healthObesity in pregnancyOcular LesionsOffice safetyOpen heart surgeryOral HealthoralcanceroralhealthorgandonationorthopedicsOsteoporosisOvarian CancerOvereatingpancreasPancreatic Islet TransplantationparentingParkinson'sPatient-SafetyPCODPeanut butterPediatricPediatric CarePediatric Liver TransplantPelvic PainPeptic Ulcerperceptionperiodspersonal protective equipment (PPE)pharynxPhysiotherapyPICUpilesPlastic SurgeryplasticsurgeryPneumoniaPolycystic OvaryPolycystic Ovary DisorderPolycystic Ovary SyndromePostpartum depressionpregnancyPregnancy WorkoutsPremature BabypreventionPreventive HealthcarePreventive MedicineProactive Healthcareprofessional help in depressionpsychiatristPsychological FactorsPsychologyPsychotherapyRadiosurgeryRadiotherapyRare CancersReadingRecipeRefractive errorsregular health checkRetinoblastomaRheumatoid ArthritisRight postureRight to sightRisk FactorsRobotic Heart SurgeryRobotic SurgeryRoseSalt intakeSarcoidosisSatisfactionSciaticaSeafoodself-examinationsexual healthSigns of depressionSinus Corrective SurgerySinusitisSinusitis in childrensittingskinSkin and Hair ProtectionSkin CancerSkin careSkin RashskincancerskincareSleepSleeping pillsSleeve GastrectomySlip DiscsmokingSnake BitesSoft tissue sarcomaSore musclesspinachspinespringsquintStandard PrecautionsStay hydratedSTD'sStem CellSTIstomachStomach CancerstomachcancerStrawberryStress eatingstressorsStretch marksStrokesummerSummer foodsSunburnSunstrokeSuperfoodssurgerySweet toothSwimmer’s earsymptoms of depressionSystematic reviewtechnologyTennis ElbowThalassemiaThreadliftThroat InfectionThroatcancerthyroidcancerToddler SwimmingTomatoestransplantTravellingTuberculosisUrinary IncontinenceUrinary Tract InfectionUrological ProblemsUrologyUTIvaccinationvaccineVitamin DWalkingWalking aidwaterWater BirthweightlosswellnesswindpipewinterWinter AchesWinter PregnancywomenWomen's HealthWomen's Health TabooswomenhealthWorld Health DayWorld Hepatitis DayWorld Liver DayWorld Malaria DayWorld Parkinson's DayWorld Tuberculosis DayWorld Water DayYeast infectionYogaYogic VisualizationZikavirus
in Cure & Care - Trending

What Is Oral Cancer?

Banner_69_1024

Oral cancer, which includes the cancer of lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and throat, can be life threatening if not diagnosed at the right time.

Tobacco and Cancer

Over one-third of all cancers are related to the use of tobacco. Tobacco-related cancers constitute a major proportion of the so-called ‘preventable cancers’, i.e., cancers related to dietary habits and lifestyle. Both epidemiological and experimental studies have clearly shown that chronic exposure to tobacco in any form induces changes in the cells that lead to the development of cancer.

Smokers have a higher risk of lung and throat cancers, while those who chew tobacco run an increased risk of cancers of the mouth, throat and food passage. The brunt of the effect of tobacco is borne by the lungs in smokers and by the oral cavity in tobacco chewers. The extent of the carcinogenesis of tobacco can be gauged by the fact that even the metabolites of tobacco, which are filtered by the kidneys and accumulate in the urinary bladder, result in an increased incidence of kidney and bladder cancers in smokers.

It is the rampant habit of tobacco-chewing which is responsible for the extremely high reports of head and neck cancers in India (over a third of all cancers).

The craze for tobacco chewing in India

In India, tobacco chewing is not just a habit; it is a religion! It is no surprise, therefore, that the country has one of the highest incidences of oral cancer in the world and has the dubious distinction of being referred to as ‘the oral cancer capital’. Tobacco is generally consumed as a constituent of the betel leaf, locally known as pan. Pan has traditionally been in use since generations by both men and women, young and old.

It is even customary to serve pan during marriage functions and festivals. In recent times, tobacco has become commercially available in convenient, ready-to-use, attractive packs in forms such as gutka (a powdered mixture of tobacco and areca nut), khaini, mishri, snuff (which is inhaled through the nose) and pan masala (a mixture of areca nut and lime paste, which may or may not contain additional tobacco).

The ugly side-effects

Areca nut by itself has been shown by many scientific studies to be the cause of oral sub-mucous fibrosis, a condition characterized by stiffening of the inner mucosal lining of the cheek and other parts of the oral cavity due to the deposition of fibrous tissue. This restricts the extent to which the mouth can open and in severe cases, can result in a total inability to open the mouth. Though not cancer per se, this is an extremely debilitating condition by itself and very difficult to treat.

Oral sub-mucous fibrosis is also precancerous and a significant proportion of people with this condition ultimately succumb to oral cancer. This condition is increasingly being seen among students and young adults who are attracted to the stylish packaging and marketing of pan masala products. The absence of tobacco engenders the erroneous belief that these products are safe to consume.. It is estimated that there are over 20 million adolescents in the age group of 15–20 years, who are addicted to some form of tobacco or pan masala in India.

Battling tobacco consumption in India

The Indian government has only recently woken up to the reality of the health hazards of these chewable tobacco products. While restrictions on smoking in public places and a ban on the advertisement of all tobacco products have been in existence since 2003, they have done little to curb the evil of tobacco-chewing. Subsequent to 2003, a modest reduction in the sale of cigarettes and other smoking products was negated by a significant increase in the sale and consumption of chewable tobacco.

A pictorial warning depicting oral cancer on all tobacco products (including chewable) was to replace the existing warnings from June 2010 onwards. However pressure from the strong tobacco lobby has put this on hold as of now. The present warnings enforced from 31 May 2009 show an X-ray picture of a cancer stricken lung which is considered too soft to have any real impact.

Pictorial warnings have significantly reduced the consumption of tobacco products in countries such as Brazil and Mauritius, and thus brought down the incidence of oral and lung cancers there. Many countries of the European Union, Canada, Singapore, and others have also adopted pictorial warnings with encouraging results.

Hopefully, the Indian government will be able to resist pressures from vested interests to enact this legislation and curb the menace of tobacco-chewing, which has reached epidemic proportions in our country. Whether this rule, once enforced, will also apply to the pan masala products that do not contain tobacco, is not clear. These products are equally dangerous and are consumed by a segment of the population that is largely clueless about their catastrophic effects.

Maybe only public interest litigation on the lines of what happened in the United States during the eighties in connection with smoking, can ultimately result in any significant impact on the evils of tobacco chewing in our country.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *