What is fatty liver?
Fatty liver is a condition where fat or triglycerides deposit in the liver. Some fat in the liver is normal, but if it makes up more than five to 10 percent of the weight of your liver, you run the risk of alcoholic or non-alcoholic liver disease.This condition affects about 20 to 30 percent of the population.
What causes metabolic fatty liver disease?
- Alcohol consumption.
- Metabolic causes like diabetes mellitus,obesity.
- Hepatitis C.
How is the condition diagnosed?
Liver Function Test (blood test), ultra sonograms of the liver and liver biopsy are used to confirm the diagnosis of fatty liver. An imaging test called Fibroscan can confirm fatty liver without biopsy.
What are the diseases most commonly seen in a fatty liver?
Fatty liver itself is an abnormal condition and it increases the risk of developing conditions like liver cancer, hepatitis and cirrhosis.And with the last two conditions mentioned, jaundice might also develop.
Does diet play any role?
A diet rich in fat raises the chance of obesity-induced insulin resistance.
What is the Treatment?
It starts with intensive weight reduction, though not a very rapid reduction. An average loss of 1.6 kg/week is recommended. The target should be 10 per cent reduction of the baseline weight. Depending on the stage of the disease and symptoms, medicines are prescribed. Diet, exercise and certain medicines are the recommended ways to reduce weight. Bariatric surgery is advised for morbidly obese patients.
Is it possible to lead a normal life with fatty liver?
Fatty liver is a lifelong condition. Still, with a few lifestyle adjustments, necessary treatment and periodic follow-up with doctors, there is no reason why a fatty liver patient can’t enjoy a normal life.