High blood pressure is often a silent usher of many serious diseases such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, kidney disease and stroke. 120/ 80 mm of mercury (Hg) is thought to be the ideal blood pressure.
Classification of blood pressure in a person varies to a great extent, depending on the age of the person and associated diseases such as diabetes or kidney disease. However, a resting systolic pressure (blood pressure when the heart contracts) above 140 mm of Hg and diastolic pressure (blood pressure when heart relaxes) above 90 mm of Hg is thought to be high. Thankfully, preventing high blood pressure or hypertension is not too difficult. Do it yourself, for your own health.
Tips to keep your BP in control
- I will stop smoking today and will never restart! The nicotine in tobacco will not continue to harden my arteries and raise my blood pressure.
- I will reduce the amount of salt intake! The sodium contained in salt increases blood pressure. I will not eat more than 1 teaspoonful of salt (mixed in different foods) through the day.
- I will reduce the amount of junk food, fast food, processed food and food rich in saturated fat and cholesterol (like potato chips, fries,red meat, bakery products)! They lead to deposition of fat in the arteries, making them narrow, and increasing my blood pressure.
- I will exercise every day! I will.
- I will go for check-up at least once every year. This will detect early onset of any problem.
- I will find the time to exercise for at least 30 minutes every day, and prevent myself from becoming overweight.
- I will drink in moderation.
- I’ll find time to relax and pursue a hobby I enjoy. I will not make it a habit of bringing office work to home on regular basis. Instead, I will spend time with my family and friends. I will also take periodic vacations.
- I will check my family’s medical records for any history of high BP.
- I will consult with my doctor if I notice any symptoms. These include persistent headache, vertigo, or unexplained irritation. I will also have my blood pressure checked. If my doctor prescribes medicines to lower the blood pressure, I will take the medication religiously.
- I will spread awareness on prevention! I will spread the message of the consequences of high blood pressure, and motivate them to follow these simple rules.
Now that you know what you have to do, we are sure that your body won’t have a reason to complain. Just follow the tips to keep your blood pressure in control and lead a healthy lifestyle.