The skin is the largest organ in the human body and has a surface area of about 1.5 to 2.0 square meters. It is the first defense against organisms that can cause diseases ranging from common cold to other serious infections. Any cuts or lesions of the skin are possible areas of entry for bacteria and viruses. If you are a healthcare person or someone who is taking care of a sick person, your hands are also the most likely route through which infections or microorganisms might spread between patients or other members of the family. So, simply washing your hands is the most effective method of preventing the transmission of infections.
Some of these bacteria and viruses can survive on the surfaces from days to weeks! So, don’t underestimate the power of hand washing. The few seconds you spend at the sink could save you trips to the doctor’s office.
Germs Travel Path
- Dirty hands
- Changing dirty diapers
- Contaminated water and food
- Droplets released during a cough or a sneeze
- Contaminated surfaces
- Contact with a sick person’s body fluids
House rules for hand washing to minimize the germs passing around in your family
- Before eating and cooking
- After using the bathroom
- After cleaning around the house
- After touching animals
- Before and after visiting or taking care of any sick friends or relatives
- After blowing one’s nose, coughing, or sneezing
- After being outside (playing, gardening, walking the dog, etc.)
What to Use?
Soap and water – the best way to reduce the number of germs on the hands.
Alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 per cent alcohol. (Sanitizers do not eliminate all types of germs. Hand sanitizers are not effective when hands are visibly dirty.)
Wash it Right
- Wet hands with water.
- Apply enough soap to cover the entire hand.
- Rub hands palm to palm.
- Right palm over back of left hand with interlaced fingers and vice versa.
- Palm to palm with fingers interlaced.
- Back of fingers to opposing palms with fingers interlocked.
- Rotational rubbing of left thumb clasped in right palm and vice versa.
- Rinse hands with water.
- Dry hands thoroughly with a single use towel.
- Use towel to turn off tap.
- Your hands are now clean.