The arrival of summer not only indicates rise in temperature, humidity and discomfort it also brings with it several health concerns. One such concern is known as Summer Allergies.
Summer Allergies are common and can affect people of all age groups. There can be several triggers for it, often it’s caused by irritants and pollutants present in the moist summer air. One of the most common pollutants is ozone, which is created in the atmosphere by a combination of sunlight, nitrogen oxide, and hydrocarbons from burning fuel.
Apart from air pollution, the residue of several microscopic insects which thrive in the warm, humid temperatures gets mixed in the air to make matters worse.
Summer Allergies are quite visible. They can reveal themselves in the form of an allergic infection, redness or patchiness of skin, flu, uncontrollable sneezing, running nose etc. But the most dreaded are the ones which affect the eyes.
Conjunctivitis, eye flu, sore eyes, sty, and eyeball dryness are some of the notable eye infections of the season.
Allergic conjunctivitis or the most common eye allergy is characterised by swollen red and bloodshot eyes, accompanied by itchiness and a constant burning sensation. Most often the triggers are dust particles, cosmetics, ACs, smoke, pollen etc.
Poor quality contact lenses and over-use of lenses contributes greatly towards eye infections in summer. Cleaning and disinfecting the lenses properly can reduce the chances of bacterial infection.
Eye drops are the only form of medication present to treat an eye allergy. Eye drop medications for allergic conjunctivitis include antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids which reduces the inflammation.
Take the necessary precautions to reduce your chances of catching an eye infection this summer:
- Maintain good eye hygiene. Washing your eyes well after waking up in the morning and before retiring to bed at night
- Avoid sharing eye cosmetics and do not use expired eye products
- Refrain from using dirty bed-linen, towels or unwashed pillow covers
- Do not rub your eyes with unwashed hands
- Protect your eyes while indulging in common summer time activities like water sports or swimming
- Use sunglasses to protect your eyes from the harmful UV rays
Take the necessary precautions and enjoy a safe and fun summer!