About Us
Let's Talk Health

About Us

Introducing Let's Talk Health, an initiative from Apollo Hospitals, where our endeavor is to share knowledge which you can use to keep yourself and your family fit & healthy.

Let's Talk Health.
Let's Talk Happiness.


#BeatDiabetes#CareForHer#GiftAnOrgan#KnowHepatitis#SayNoToDiabetes#UniteToEndTB3D printing of organsAbdomenAbdominoplastyAbnormal Utrine BleedingACacidityACL injuriesAcoustic neuroma in childrenActBeforeTheAttackActive ChildrenAcute Abdomen and AppendicitisAcute LeukaemiaADHDadvanced heart checkAdverse drug eventsAIDSAir PollutionAlzheimer's diseaseAnkylosing SpondylitisApollo Breast Centreapollo concierge medicineapollo health checkupapollo health checkup packagesapollo heart centreApollo HospitalsApollo Hospitals Chennaiapollo hospitals concierge medicineapollo platinum health checkAppendicitisApricotsArthritisArthritis Awarenessarthritis treatmentarthritis treatment in indiaArtificial PancreasAsk Apolloask apollo concierge medicineAsthmaAthlete's FootAutismBaby AcneBaby Bottle Tooth Decayback painBack problemsBariatric Surgery BenefitsBeautyBeetroot benefitsbest Cancer hospital in Chennaibest hospital in indiabest hospitals in Chennaibest neurologistBiomedical Waste ManagementBirth Controlbladder Cancerbladder Cancer treatmentbladdercancerBlepharoplasty Eyelid RejuvenationBlood PrressurebloodpressureBone & JointBone Marrow Transplantbone specialistBonesbook an appointment onlinebrainBrain changeBreast CancerBreast cancer myths & factsbreastcancerBreastfeedingBronchitisBypass SurgeryCABGCalcium Rich Dietcaloriescan nanotechnology be the future of orthopedicscancerCancer CareCancer mythsCancer PreventionCancer riskscancer TreatmentCarbohydratesCardiaccardiac arrestCardiac riskCardio Vascular DiseasesCardiovascular DiseasesCardiovascular emergenciescareCartilageCataractCauses of Cancercauses of strokecavitiesCerebral StrokeCervical Disc ProlapseCesarean AwarenesscheckupChemotherapy Carechest painchickenpoxChickenpox In ChildrenchildChild careChild Healthchildbirthchildcarechildhood obesityChildrenChilliesChocolateChocolate BrownieChokingCholangitisCholesterolCholesterol ratioChronic Health ConditionsClean watercoldColds in PregnancyColon CancerColonoscopyColorectal CancerComfort Foods & HealthCommon coldcommon symptoms of strokeconcierge careconcierge doctorconcierge doctors near meconcierge healthcareconcierge medicineconcierge physicianCongenitalconstipationcontactlensescornealtransplantCoronary Artery Bypass GraftingCosmetic Ear SurgeryCosmetic SurgeryCosmetic Tooth ImplantsCPRCradle capCriggler NajjarCureDairy ProductsDark chocolate benefitsDehydrationDementiaDengueDengue feverDentalDental CareDental MythsDepressiondepression helpDepression Myths and Factsdepression signs and symptomsdepression symptomsDepression Vs SadnessDiabetesDiabetes mellitusDiabetic footdiagnose a strokeDiagnosisDiaper rashdiarrhoeaDietDieting mythsdiseasesDiwaliDrivingdyslexiaEar CareearpainearsEating DisorderseggsElbow InjuryEmergencyEmphysemaexamsExerciseExercise for bachacheExercises to prevent memory lossexperienceeyeEye careEye dropsEye exercisesEye FlueyecancerfathersfattyliverFertility TreatmentfertilizationfestivalsFibroidsFire accidentsFire carefitnessFitness AppsFitness blundersflatfeetFlax seedsFlip-flop foot problemsFluFlu VaccinationFoodFood additivesFood AllergiesFood for Brainfood guideFoot painFrozen shoulderfruitsfull body checkupfull body checkup cost in ApolloGastric problemsGastrointestinal BleedingGastrointestinal TractGeneticsGERDGluttonyGymGynaecologyGynecologyhairHair careHair lossHair RestorationHand hygieneHand washhappinessHazardous wasteHead injuryHeadacheHealthHealth & BeautyHealth care unithealth checkhealth check benefitshealth check uphealth checkup packagesHealth hazards of prolonged sittingHealth Managementhealth packagesHealth tipshealthcareHealthcare for womenHealthcare Service QualityHealthcare workers (HCWs)Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)healthcheckhealthyHealthy backHealthy foodHealthy Hearthealthy heart programHealthy recipehealthyheartHeartHeart AttackHeart CareHeart checkHeart HealthHeart Valve Diseasesheartdiseaseheel painHelp loved ones fight depressionherniaHigh Blood PressureHip FractureHIVHoli CareHormoneshospitals in ChennaiHow to deal with cutsHuman developmenthydratedHydrocephalusHypertensionHypothyroidismhysterectomyIBSImmune systemIndia Water WeekInfant diarrhoeainfant teethinginfectionInfertilityINSULINIntensive Care UnitIntraocular LensesInventionIrritable bowel syndromeJaundiceJaundice in babiesJuvenile DiabetesKeratoconuskidneyKidney StonekidneycancerkidsKnee ArthroscopyKnee painlarynxLeukemiaLifestyleLifestyle changesLifestyle diseasesLight Induced TraumaLimb length discrepancyLiver cancerLiver TransplantlivertransplantloyaltyLung CancerLung InfectionLung transplantationlungcancerlungsLymphomamalariaMangoMedical & Fitness ParametersMedication errorsMedication safetyMediterranean DietMelanomaMemory lossMenopausemenstrual cycleMenstrual HygienemenstruationMental Disordersmental healthMiddleearMintMonsoonmosquitomotherMotherhoodmothersmouthmulti speciality hospital in Chennaimulti specialty hospitalmultispeciality hospitalmultispeciality hospital near meMuscleacheMythsnanotechnologyNasal allergiesNatural childbirthNauseaNeck painNerveNeurological Disordersneurologistneurologist in Indianeurology doctorsNoisy earNose BleedNose reshapingnosebleedNosebleedsNutritionOats with dried fruitsObesityObesity & mental healthObesity in pregnancyOcular LesionsOffice safetyOpen heart surgeryOral Healthoralcanceroralhealthorgandonationorthopaedic doctororthopedicorthopedic arthritisorthopedic doctororthopedic hospitalorthopedic near meorthopedic surgeonorthopedicsOsteoporosisOvarian CancerOvereatingpancreasPancreatic Islet TransplantationparentingParkinson'sPatient-SafetyPCODPeanut butterPediatricPediatric CarePediatric Liver TransplantPelvic PainPeptic Ulcerperceptionperiodspersonal protective equipment (PPE)pharynxPhysiotherapyPICUpilesPlastic SurgeryplasticsurgeryPneumoniaPolycystic OvaryPolycystic Ovary DisorderPolycystic Ovary SyndromePostpartum depressionpregnancyPregnancy WorkoutsPremature BabypreventionPreventive Carepreventive health check upPreventive HealthcarePreventive MedicineProactive Healthcareprofessional help in depressionpsychiatristPsychological FactorsPsychologyPsychotherapyRadiosurgeryRadiotherapyRare CancersReadingRecipeRefractive errorsregular health checkRetinoblastomaRheumatoid ArthritisRight postureRight to sightRisk Factorsrisk of suffering strokesRobotic Heart SurgeryRobotic SurgeryRoseRoutine checkSalt intakeSarcoidosisSatisfactionSciaticaSeafoodself-examinationsexual healthSigns of depressionSinus Corrective SurgerySinusitisSinusitis in childrensittingskinSkin and Hair ProtectionSkin CancerSkin careSkin RashskincancerskincareSleepSleeping pillsSleeve GastrectomySlip DiscsmokingSnake BitesSoft tissue sarcomaSore musclesspecialist hospitalspinachspinespringsquintStandard PrecautionsStay hydratedSTD'sStem CellSTIstomachStomach CancerstomachcancerStrawberryStress eatingstressorsStretch marksStrokesummerSummer foodsSunburnSunstrokesuper speciality hospitalSuperfoodssurgerySweet toothSwimmer’s earsymptoms of depressionsymptoms of strokeSystematic reviewtechnologyTennis ElbowThalassemiaThreadliftThroat InfectionThroatcancerthyroidcancerToddler SwimmingTomatoestransplantTravellingtreatment for stroketreatment for stroke at Apollo hospitalstreatment for stroke in IndiaTuberculosisUrinary IncontinenceUrinary Tract InfectionUrological ProblemsUrologyUTIvaccinationvaccineVitamin DWalkingWalking aidwaterWater Birthweightlosswellnesswhat is OsteoporosiswindpipewinterWinter AchesWinter PregnancywomenWomen's HealthWomen's Health TabooswomenhealthWorld Health DayWorld Hepatitis DayWorld Liver DayWorld Malaria DayWorld Parkinson's DayWorld Tuberculosis DayWorld Water DayYeast infectionYogaYogic VisualizationZikavirus
in Cure & Care - Trending

Stomach Cancer FAQs


Stomach cancer is more rampant than people may think. The following are some of the frequently asked questions about stomach cancer.

How common is stomach cancer?

Stomach cancer is the fifth most common cancer among men and seventh among women in India. It is the second most common cause of cancer death globally, with nearly 8,00,000 cases each year. Overall the incidence of gastric cancer in India is less compared to the worldwide incidence.

Who is most vulnerable to stomach cancer?

It is most common in older people, with maximum number of cases occurring in men and women over 70 years. Few cases occur below 40 years. Topography also affects the incidence of stomach cancer. Stomach cancer in south Indian males has been reported to be more common and occurring a decade before their north Indian counterparts. The highest incidence in India is found in north-eastern India (Mizoram).

What causes stomach cancer?

The food we eat plays a major role in stomach cancer. The number of cases has dropped over the last fifty years, and a probable reason is that refrigeration of food has become common and people eat less pickled, smoked, salted, and cured foods.

What are the risk factors?

  • Diet:A diet high in preserved foods is attributed to higher rates of stomach cancer
  • Other diseases: It affects people with pernicious anaemia or achlorhydria (chronic atrophic gastritis)
  • History of an adenomatous gastric polyp larger than 2 cm
  • Infections: Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that causes 85 per cent of stomach ulcers, is also associated with a much higher risk of stomach cancer
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption

Intake of pulses, fresh fruits and vegetables help to protect us from stomach cancer.

What are the types?

Intestinal stomach cancer, more common amongst older patients and patients from ‘high-risk’ groups. Diffuse stomach cancer, found more frequently in women and people with blood group A. This type is more difficult to treat.

Is stomach cancer genetic?

A few cases of stomach cancer (about one in ten) appear to run in the family. Genetic testing is not yet possible, as it is not known which genes are involved.

What are the symptoms?

Early-stage stomach cancer rarely causes symptoms. This is one of the reasons stomach cancer is so hard to detect early. The symptoms may include

  • Excessive belching
  • General decline in health
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal fullness or pain
  • Dark stools
  • Difficulty in swallowing, especially if it increases over time
  • Premature abdominal fullness after meals
  • Vomiting blood
  • Weight loss (unintentional)

Food poisoning, stomach ulcers and several other conditions also cause many of these symptoms, as a result of which stomach cancers are not diagnosed until they are quite advanced.

How is it diagnosed?

Normally, a procedure called endoscopy, with biopsy, is used. The patient is sedated and a thin fibre-optic tube is passed down the throat. The inside of the stomach is lit up and photographed, and thus any growths can be spotted relatively easily. Sometimes, more sophisticated endoscopes are used with which a small sample (biopsy) of the stomach lining is taken, or even an ultrasound scan from the inside of the stomach (EUS).

In some cases, a barium meal or a contrast CT-SCAN or a PET CT-SCAN is used in addition to endoscopy.

What is the treatment?

Surgery to remove the stomach (gastrectomy) is the only treatment that can cure the condition. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy after surgery may improve the chance of cure, and can improve symptoms. It may prolong survival in cases where surgery is not possible. This, however, is not likely to cure the cancer.

A surgical bypass procedure can relieve symptoms in some patients. Chemotherapy is also used to shrink the tumour before surgery, making it easier to be removed.

What surgery is done for stomach cancer?

Surgery is the mainstay for the treatment of stomach cancer.

  • Endoscopic resection, in which the surgeon removes the tumour and a safe margin of stomach tissue endoscopically.
  • Subtotal gastrectomy is the preferred modality in distal cancers and total or proximal gastrectomy is preferred in proximal cancers.

How effective are the treatments?

The outlook varies depending on the location and stage of the tumour. Tumours in the lower stomach are cured more often than those in the upper stomach. The chances of a cure are affected by how far the tumour invades the stomach wall and whether lymph nodes are involved when the patient is diagnosed.

A cure is not possible when the tumour has spread outside the stomach, and treatment is designed to improve symptoms.

Success rate is much higher in places such as Japan where there are national screening programmes, as the cancers are usually diagnosed early. Over 50 per cent of patients are treated successfully in Japan as of result of this.

How can we prevent stomach cancer?

The following may help reduce  risk of gastric cancer:

  • Avoid smoking
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid pickled and salted foods
  • Treat reflux disease with medication, if present
  • An early endoscopy, if symptoms are not relieved with medication

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *