A beautiful and strong back is a symbol of elegance and style, which lends you a graceful appearance. But, in order to have a strong back you need to take proper care of your backbone and follow a healthy lifestyle.
Common lifestyle factors contributing to back pain are:
- Smoking: Besides the negative impact that smoking has on your heart and lungs, it damages the spinal discs by way of poor blood circulation. Cigarette smoke has been identified as one of the major risk factors for back pain.
- Alcohol: Alcohol also constricts the blood vessels and contributes to poor circulation around the discs. Though moderate drinking may not cause this problem, alcohol abuse can lead to severe consequences.
- Ageing: Ligaments thicken and discs dry out as a part of the ageing process. These age-related changes in the spine may lead to disorders that create pressure on your spinal nerves leading to pain, numbness, or weakness. Degenerative disc disease is an example of age-related spinal disorder. Over time, the discs not only lose their normal structure and function, they also bulge and herniate. When the bulging and herniated discs push against the nerves, the pain manifests itself in other parts of the body as well. This kind of pain is called radiculopathy.
- Daily life: The stress of everyday life takes its toll on the back. Stress and emotional tension causes muscles to tighten and contract, resulting in pain and stiffness. The pain is felt most on the back since it is where we carry most of the weight.
- Posture: The way you get through the day is a factor of back pain. Standing for long periods of time or sitting incorrectly – can cause back pain (so watch out while you’re at the office). Lower back pain is often associated with heavy physical work, hefting or forceful movement, bending or twisting, or awkward positions. If you don’t use proper lifting techniques while lifting heavy objects you can really hurt your back.
- Injuries and Accidents: You can fracture a spinal bone in a fall or in an accident. If you have osteoporosis, you’re much more prone to fractures of the backbone. You may also suffer sports-related injuries. These are the sudden, unexpected causes of back pain that require medical attention.
- Obesity: Being overweight puts pressure and stress on the back, especially the lower back. Also, carrying excess weight aggravates conditions such as osteoporosis (weak bones), osteoarthritis (joint pain), rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease), degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, and spondylolisthesis.
Either an orthopedician , sports medicine specialits or a physiotherapist must be consulted.They would suggest investigations if required and will also treat the back pain through several modalities such as gentle stretches, exercises , topical and oral pain medication and would also suggest appropriate life style changes.