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Let's Talk Health

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Introducing Let's Talk Health, an initiative from Apollo Hospitals, where our endeavor is to share knowledge which you can use to keep yourself and your family fit & healthy.

Let's Talk Health.
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in Women & Health

PCOD – Signs, Symptoms & Treatment

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PCOD or Polycystic Ovary Disorder is a condition where multiple small cysts develop along the ovarian walls. Though the cysts are not harmful by themselves, they trigger off multiple complications in a woman’s body – irregular menstrual cycles, skin problems and potential diabetes being only a few on the list.

Read on to find out all you need to know about the condition.

What is PCOD?                                                                     

Polycystic ovary disorder wreaks havoc on the hormonal balance. Women are biologically designed to have low levels of androgynous hormones, and high levels of estrogens. During PCOD, the level of both these hormones goes up disrupting the whole system.

Signs and symptoms of PCOD

Below mentioned are a few symptoms of PCOD that you must watch out for:

  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Abnormal hair condition
  • Acne and other skin problems
  • Fertility issues
  • Weight gain

Risk Factors of PCOD

PCOD is a vicious cycle of hormonal imbalance and sets off a series of complications. There are several risks attached to it, listed below are a few of them:

  • The weight limbo: Typically in a PCOD condition, one tends to gain weight. This further aggravates the condition because fat contains hormonally active tissues which further disrupt an already disrupted estrogenic cycle.
  • Diabetes: Women who suffer from PCOD also tend to develop insulin resistance which eventually snowballs into Diabetes, putting one at a greater risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.
  • Uterine Cancer: During menstruation, the uterine wall which thickens in the course of the month degenerates. In a PCOD condition, due to irregular periods, the walls tend to build up which may lead to uterine cancer.

Treatment of PCOD

  • Weight Loss: The most important step in the treatment of PCOD is often weight loss. However, dieting may not be enough because along with PCOD comes a natural resistance to lose weight. So, to bring about effective weight loss results, one needs to combine a healthy diet along with a regular fitness regime.
  • Healthy Lifestyle: Once your weight loss goals are reached, you must stick to a healthy lifestyle or the PCOD condition will relapse. So you have to keep eating clean and keep exercising.
  • Quit Smoking: Women who smoke tend to have higher levels of androgens in their system, which naturally elevates the risk of acquiring PCOD. So, for your PCOD treatment to be successful, you need to seriously quit smoking.
  • Hormone Therapy: If weight loss, exercise and a healthy lifestyle does not bring your menstrual cycle back on track, you may require external medical treatment. Hormone therapy is quite common and doctors may prescribe oral medication for it.

Get expert advice at Remember, there is no alternative to exercising and eating healthy when dealing with PCOD. Also, as they say prevention is always better than cure, so if you #CareForHer take your woman for an Apollo Well Woman Check.

 

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