We often make the mistake of taking things for granted, and we do exactly that to our bones as well.
Our bones are responsible for supporting and protecting various organs. They enable body movements, provide a framework for attachment of muscles and tissues, store minerals and help with the production of red and white blood cells.
Have you ever wondered what will happen if your bones became weak? What will happen if they were unable to perform their functions normally?
If you are wondering now, then it’s time for you to know about Osteoporosis and take the necessary precautions to guard against this disease.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones which can lead to problems such as weak bones, increased risk of fractures etc. Bone tissues are constantly absorbed and replaced by the body. When a person suffers from Osteoporosis, new bone creation is not enough to make up for the removed bones.
Osteoporosis can affect both men and women; however women are at a higher risk of developing this disease.
Why are women more likely to get Osteoporosis?
As compared to men, women are more susceptible to Osteoporosis. Few of the reasons for this include:
- Most women have smaller, thinner bones compared to men. This may vary depending upon ethnic background and genetics.
- When women reach menopause, the production of estrogen decreases significantly. Estrogen plays a major role in the protection of bones, and its decreased production can lead to bone loss.
It’s important to note that a woman’s risk of developing a hip fracture is equal to her combined risk of developing breast, uterine and ovarian cancer.
What are the common risk factors?
- Menopause before 40 years of age
- Ovary removal surgery before the normal age for menopause
- Calcium and Vitamin D deficiency
- Family history of Osteoporosis
- Alcohol or smoking addiction
- Being too thin
Can Osteoporosis affect girls or young adult women as well?
Osteoporosis is more common in older people. However, it can sometimes affect girls and young adult women as well. It may occur as a result of some other medical condition or may arise in premenopausal women for unexplained reasons. Osteoporosis triggered due to other medical conditions is called Secondary Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis occurring in premenopausal women is normally termed as “idiopathic.”
How to protect yourself against Osteoporosis?
It’s never too late to start taking care of your bones. One of the most common misconceptions is that Osteoporosis is inevitable. Whereas the truth is, with the increased knowledge about this disease, it can in fact be prevented.
Follow these basic tips to keep your bones healthy:
- Exercise your bones regularly and build muscle strength by weight training
- Fill up on Calcium and Vitamin D
- Eat a healthy balanced diet
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol
As it’s rightfully said, prevention is the best cure. Don’t take your bones for granted. Take good care of your bones to keep Osteoporosis at bay.