Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of malignant skin cells, usually on the top layer of the skin. Exposure to Ultra Violet Radiation remains the foremost cause of skin cancer as the UV rays can damage the DNA of the skin cells, triggering their mutation or genetic defects in them. And the alarming fact is that the rate of people who are affected by skin cancer is on a steady rise. Some factors that can contribute to your risk of developing skin cancer are your skin’s complexion, its sensitivity towards sun exposure and also family history or genetic predisposition.
Early Signs of Skin Cancer
The three most common skin cancer types are:
- Basal cell skin cancers
- Squamous cell skin cancer
Of these, Melanoma is the most aggressive.
An early detection and treatment of skin cancer can save you from a complicated surgery later on or even save your life. Stay alert about the changes happening on your skin and especially watch out for these –
- New moles
- Moles undergoing size transformation
- Moles with ragged ends
- Moles that are changing colour
- Moles which are irritated or bleed
Prevention and Protection
As Ultra Violet radiation is the main cause of skin cancer, and sun the biggest source of UV radiation, it is imperative that you limit your skin’s direct exposure to the sun as much as possible.
- Avoid direct exposure to the sun between 10 am and 4 pm.
- Apply sunscreen with SPF 15 or more, 30 minutes before stepping out in the sun.
- Wear clothes that cover up as much exposed skin as possible.
- Avoid UV tanning beds.
- Check your skin for abnormal moles or pigmentation once every month.
In case you do encounter a suspicious mole or pigmentation that looks concerning, report it to your doctor and seek treatment immediately if necessary. To know more consult an expert Apollo dermatologist.