Stroke is one of the major causes of disability and mortality. Globally, 15 million people either die or are permanently disabled due to strokes. It is a leading cause of death, loss of vision, speech, and paralysis. Its incidence is more in the developing countries than developed countries and in the coming years, the mortality is supposed to increase further in the Middle East and Africa. Though the risk of having a stroke increases with age, it can occur to anyone with a likelihood of women having one more than men. It is also known that people of African origin are at a higher risk than other races. However, it is common that most people are unaware of the differences between a stroke and a heart attack and they tend to get confused.Read more
What’s the difference between a heart attack and a stroke?When we refer to a condition called heart attack, we refer to a condition where the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked. The heart muscle dies out without oxygenated blood. This is, in most cases, a result of a clot in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. When the heart muscle starves for oxygenated blood, it causes the symptoms of a heart attack. A stroke refers to a condition where the artery that supplies blood to the brain is clogged by a clot and a section of the brain, when deprived of oxygenated blood dies off. Symptoms of a heart attack and a stroke vary and most times, a stroke affects only one side of the body. The term stroke is often misunderstood to be a synonym of heart attack, which is not the case.
Types Of Stroke:There are different types of a stroke and the symptoms of a stroke are not so apparent that one rushes to the ER as fast as one does in the case of a heart attack. There are:
- • Ischemic Strokes
- • Hemorrhagic Strokes
- • Transient Ischemic Attacks
Stroke Symptoms & Warning Signs:
- • Trouble Speaking, Confusion.
- • Trouble Understanding.
- • Headache (one sided)
- • Altered Conscious.
- • Vomiting.
- • Numbness of the face, or extremities.
- • Trouble with vision.
- • Lack of coordination and dizziness.
- • Keeping blood pressure under control.
- • Getting periodical checkups.
- • Managing diabetes.
- • Controlling Sleep Apnea.
- • Healthy diet.
- • Moderate and regular exercise.
- • Quitting smoking and alcohol.
- • Eat more whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes and lean meats.
- • Regulating cholesterol levels.
- • Reducing salt intake.
- • Maintaining healthy BMI.