Simon Powell, a 63-year-old British citizen, was brought back to life after suffering severe decompression while diving in Maldives at the Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi. As his condition had progressively deteriorated, he was required advanced medical facilities and was airlifted from Male’ Maldives to the Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals. It was while holidaying at a private resort with his wife, Simon had experienced breathing difficulty. A resident doctor who attended him suggested that he needed a hyperbaric chamber immediately and he was rushed to a nearby island and for eight hours placed in the hyperbaric chamber. Although there was quite an improvement in his condition, it had later deteriorated, with his kidney failing and the movement of the arms and legs had also stopped. Doctors attending to him felt he required to be in intensive care urgently and the nearest hospital with this facility was in Male, so he was rushed there by a boat around midnight. Although at the Male hospital, the doctors had to struggle to keep his condition stable, his condition kept deteriorating. It is then that the doctors recommended that Simon be shifted to an advanced institution with world-class medical facilities. East-West rescue, which runs air ambulance services was able to coordinate with Simon’s insurance company doctors. And as per their recommendation, he was shifted to Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, well equipped to handle cases which are of delicate nature such as this. After a four-hour flight, Simon was in the hands of experienced doctors of Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals’ Delhi. As per Dr Tarun Sahni, Senior Consultant, Internal & Hyperbaric Medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, revealed, “When Simon arrived, though conscious, he was mildly disoriented. He received immediate recompression therapy. His brain MRI indicated some embolic areas in the brain, attributed to Decompression Sickness. Having treated him as he pulled through, he truly seems a miracle man, thanks to his tremendous strength and positivity, which allowed him to emerge from such a traumatic event. Slowly, his cognitive functions and recall of the incident have improved. Mild parenthesia in both lower limbs has decreased and his gait has steadily improved. Simon’s survival story is an excellent example of a miracle.” At Apollo Hospitals, we have been providing domestic and international patients with high-quality, patient-focused medical care. We constantly look for ways to raise the bar on quality healthcare and safety for our patients. Apollo Hospital’s Quality Steering Committee, made up of representatives from the hospitals' senior leadership, and leaders of the medical staff, set direction as a continuous process. To book an appointment with our doctors you can logon to www.askapollo.comRead more
Many people choose to travel across the world to receive the best medical care which is often unavailable in their own country. Flying long distances, especially for medical treatment can be a daunting and strenuous task and so can be coping up with Jet Lag. Jet Lag is caused due to misalignment between the external environment and the internal clock in the brain that drives our daily activities, alertness and ability to sleep. People who travel long distances crossing several time zones, find ambient light and other environmental cues make their internal clock go haywire. For few it may feel a little out of whack while others are dogged by the symptoms of Jet Lag like experiencing fatigue, irritability, nausea, difficulty in concentrating, headache, and stomach upset, they may also find trouble sleeping, which makes them shallow and fitful. What happens during Jet Lag? An internal master clock — a cluster of nearly 20,000 neurons in the brain just above the optic nerve controls the circadian rhythms. In response to light and other environmental cues, it harmonizes the functions of different body systems over a 24-hour period. As the light and environment changes, our internal clock uses environmental cues to reset itself, at an average of an hour or a day. In case if you cross several time zones within a day, your internal clock doesn't get enough time to synchronize your body with the new time zone. Tips to minimize the effects of Jet Lag: There is no sure way to avoid jet lag entirely, but you can reduce its effects. Try these tips the next time you travel:Read more
- ● If you are travelling shorter distances
- ● If you are travelling longer distances
- 1. Start to shift before the trip: For few days before you leave, adjust with the mealtimes and bedtime incrementally closer to the scheduled destination. Even a partial switch may help.
- 2. Stay hydrated: Mild dehydration is common when travelling by air. Drink plenty of fluids during, and after your flight. Avoid caffeine and alcohol entirely as they promote dehydration and worsens the symptoms of jet lag, both can also disturb your sleep.
- 3. Switch as rapidly as possible upon arrival: Don't sleep in until it's bedtime in the new time zone.
- 4. Move around: Take a walk, do some static stretch exercises on the flight. But after you land, avoid heavy workout near bedtime, as it can delay sleep.
- 5. Use the sun to help you re-adjust:. Exposure to sunlight helps regulate your circadian rhythms. In case of travelling from west to east, you need to wake up early, get exposed to the early morning sun and if travelling east to west, you need to wake up late, get yourself exposed to late afternoon sunlight.
- 6. Eat sensibly: Avoid heavy diets such as high carb or fatty diet close to bedtime because that can be disruptive to sleep.
Every disease or illness is characterized with certain symptoms, knowing the signs and symptoms helps us identify and treat the illness effectively. But, what if the symptoms of two different illness appear to be undistinguished, overlapped and create a confusion. One such illness that is often misinterpreted is the lower back pain and the kidney pain. Many of us fail to figure out the difference when we experience pain particularly when it's either kidney or lower back pain.Let’s explore the exact differences between the symptoms, triggers, and characteristics of these conditions to spot out the difference more accurately. It is signified as back pain when you experience vacillating pain anywhere in the lower back or buttocks whereas kidney pain also occur in the back but, the pain is specifically more constant and sharp between the hips or flanks and the ribs. The location of Back pain varies and extend up to the neck and upper back, on the other hand kidney pain is pin point. Back pain may also spread or radiate to other parts of the body, like the back of the thigh, buttock, calf, or foot. Diving down to Kidney pain, it may spread to the lower abdomen and inner thigh. The other parameters that differentiate the Back pain and Kidney pain include:Read more
No matter what may be the cause or how minimal the severity of the pain is. It is advisable toconsult a doctor for signs or symptoms of back pain or kidney pain to figure out the root cause and to avoid further complications.
To book an online consultation with our best Orthopedician or Nephrologist, log on to www.askapollo.com
|Parameters||Back Pain||Kidney Pain|
|Triggers||Prolonged sitting, lying, standing (sciatic pain)||Drinking large amount of fluids (in ureteropelvic junction [UPJ] obstruction) Usually not triggered by movements|
During winter, when the weather turns sharper with icy temperatures, freezing air and darker skies, the mess of germs sparks the start of a new season of diseases that sweep through every corner of the world and the threat of catching widespread respiratory infections goes higher. Respiratory infections - one of the most leading concerns of all the nations, affecting nearly 922,000 people per year, 2,500 per day, 100 per hour and 1 per every 35 seconds. One such respiratory infection that makes people to battle for air is Pneumonia. What is Pneumonia? Pneumonia is a sneaky disease that makes breathing incredibly difficult. It develops with a nagging cough and tows all the energy in your body with classic symptoms such as fever, and discoloured (green-brown) mucus. In other words, Pneumonia is an inflammatory lung infection caused due to inhalation of harmful microorganisms (either viral, bacterial or fungal), affecting the alveoli of lungs by filling them with mucus. Who are at risk of pneumonia? Anyone can get pneumonia, but few people are at higher risk:Read more
- ● Infants from birth to age two years, and older people of age more than 65
- ● People who smoke, misuse certain illicit drugs, who are on certain medication or consume excessive alcohol
- ● People with certain chronic health conditions that weakened the immunity such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, stroke or heart failure
- ● People with restricted mobility ( such as bedridden)
- ● Fever
- ● Dry cough
- ● Muscle aches
- ● Wheezing
- ● Fatigue
- ● Fever with cycles of chills
- ● Flushed cheeks
- ● Body aches
- ● Wracking coughs
- ● Rusty or yellow mucus
- ● Difficulty in breathing
- ● Rattling lungs that sound like rales and crackles
- ● Profuse sweating
- ● Bluish lips and nails
- ● Confusion
- ● Intravenous antibiotics
- ● Respiratory therapy
- ● Oxygen therapy
Pain- throbbing, aching, stabbing call it by any name is an alert for the deeper imbalance happening inside you. Few pains stay for a short period and can be easily managed, while others can linger for weeks or even months, causing needless suffering, disturbing the quality of life. But it’s not always that you need to live with the pain, just listening to your body is far better than just popping a pill or opting for a surgery to find relief from the pain. However, there are few pain relief techniques that don't require an invasive procedure or even taking medication, which include: 1. Cold and heat therapy: These two tried-and-true treatments are still the cornerstone of relieving pain for many kinds of sprains and strains. If a homemade hot or cold pack does not do the trick, consult a physiotherapist or chiropractor for their way of hot and cold treatments, which penetrates deeper into the muscle and tissue and acts effectively. 2. Exercise: Physical activities play a vital role in interrupting the "vicious cycle" of pain and reduced mobility found in few chronic conditions such as osteoarthritis and fibromyalgia. Try moderate aerobic activities such as walking, cycling or swimming. 3. Physical therapy and occupational therapy: These two specialities are among the staunchest allies in the fight against pain. Physical therapists will guide you through a series of physical activities specially designed to preserve or improve strength and mobility of joints and bones. Occupational therapy increases your ability to perform daily activities in a way that they don't aggravate your pain. 4. Yoga and tai chi: These two practices involve breath techniques, meditation, and gentle movements to stretch and strengthen joint and muscles tissues. Many studies state that yoga and tai chi can help people manage pain caused due to headaches, arthritis or lingering injuries. 5. Mind-body techniques: These techniques include meditation, mindfulness, and breathing exercises that help to restore a sense of control over body and turn down the "fight or flight" response, which can worsen chronic stress, muscle tension and pain. 6. Biofeedback: This technique involves relaxation and breathing exercises with a biofeedback machine, which turns physiological data (such as heart rate, pulse and blood pressure) into visual cues like a graph, a blinking light, or an animation. Watching the visualizations gives you a degree of control over your own body's response to pain. 7. Music therapy: Few studies show that music can help relieve pain during and after surgery or childbirth, especially the classical music has proven to work well, but there is no harm in trying your favourite genre. Listening to any music can distract you from pain, discomfort and bring you great relief. 8. Massage therapy: Not just an indulgence, massage can alleviate the pain by working tension out of joints and muscle, relieving stress and anxiety, and possibly help to distract you from pain by a "competing" sensation that overrides pain signals. Some of these pain relief techniques are probably best learned with the help of a professional, and it usually takes practice for these methods to become competent in helping alleviate pain. It is often advisable to work on pain coping techniques for about 30 minutes 3 times a week. With practice, you'll find that the relaxation and chronic pain control become stronger and last longer. Get online consultation with our best physiotherapist, to know more about how to manage pain effectively. Log on to www.askapollo.comRead more
There are thousands of people who still live in an illusion that breast cancer is a women's issue, because they think that men don’t have breast so there are no chances of being diagnosed with breast cancer. But, it’s time to bust the myth. The pink ribbon signifying breast cancer is not just restricted to women, though women are 100 times more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer, yet it is also a fact that nearly 2,500 men were diagnosed with breast cancer every year globally. But, why and how? The truth is that all boys and girls, men and women have breast tissues. The various hormones in girls and women's body that stimulate the breast tissue to grow into full breasts, while in boys' and men's body normally don't produce much of the breast-stimulating hormones. As a result, their breast tissue stays flat and small. But, still, you may have seen boys and men with medium or big-sized breasts. Usually, these breasts are just mounds of fat. However, sometimes men may develop real breast gland tissue due to intake of certain medications or because of abnormal hormone levels. Risk Factors: It is essential to understand the risk factors for male breast cancer mainly because men are not routinely screened with breast cancer and don't think about the possibility of being diagnosed with it. A number of factors can increase a man's risk of getting breast cancer, that includes:Read more
- ● Age: The risk of breast cancer increases with age. The average age of men diagnosed with breast cancer is about 68years.
- ● High estrogen levels: The presence of estrogen stimulates breast cell growth either normal or abnormal. Men can have high estrogen levels as a result of:
- 1. Taking hormonal medicines
- 2. Being overweight or obese, which increases the production of estrogen
- 3. Getting exposed to estrogens in the environment (Example: estrogen and other hormones that are fed to fatten up beef cattle or the breakdown products of the pesticide DDT, which can mimic the effects of estrogen in the body)
- 4. Being alcoholic, which limits the ability of the liver to regulate blood estrogen levels
- 5. Having liver disease, which leads to lower levels of androgens (male hormones) and higher levels of estrogen (female hormones). This increases the risk of developing gynecomastia (breast tissue growth that is non-cancerous) as well as breast cancer.
- ● Klinefelter syndrome: It is a chromosomal condition that impairs male physical and cognitive development that affects about 1 in 1,000 men. Men with Klinefelter syndrome have lower levels of androgens and higher levels of estrogen.
- ● Radiation exposure: Men treated with radiation to the chest, such as for lymphoma is at an increased risk of developing breast cancer.
- ● A strong family history of breast cancer or genetic mutations.
- ● A lump or swelling, which is usually (but not always) painless
- ● Nipple retraction (turning inward)
- ● Skin dimpling or puckering
- ● Discharge from the nipple
- ● Redness or scaling of the nipple or breast skin
- ● Mammogram
- ● Ultrasound
- ● Nipple discharge examination
- ● Biopsy
- a) Fine needle biopsy
- b) Stereotactic needle biopsy
- c) Incisional biopsy
- d) Excisional biopsy
- e) Lymph node biopsy
- ● Surgery
- ● Lymph Node Surgery
- ● Radiation Therapy
- ● Hormonal Therapy
- ● Chemotherapy
- ● Targeted Therapy
People often consider diabetes as a silent and painless condition. But, there are millions of people who experience diabetes-induced tingling toes or painful feet, this condition, diabetic neuropathy is a nerve disorder caused by diabetes and ranges from merely aggravating or even life-threatening disability. High blood sugar, the hallmark of diabetes, tends to injure nerves and blood vessels of the body. The nerves to be affected first are the smallest ones in the spinal cord which further stretches to the toes and feet. People with diabetic neuropathies have no symptoms, while some have symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness and loss of sensation in the hands, arms, feet, and legs. Diabetic neuropathy causes a constant burning feeling in the feet; sharp pain that gets worse at night; and extreme sensitivity to touch that feels unbearable. It can be sneaky, and can completely robs one's ability to sense pain. Neuropathies also develop in organ systems such as digestive tract, heart and sex organs. When a blister, cut, or sore can go unnoticed in people suffering from diabetes, it may raise the propensity for infections. Infections and gangrene of the lower limbs is common in uncontrolled diabetes causing the sensory nerves in the feet get damaged, this may necessitate an amputation in case of severity. Did you know? Nearly, 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have some or other form of neuropathy. How to prevent diabetes neuropathies? There isn’t a cure for diabetic neuropathy. But, can prevent it through ways that include: ● Control blood sugar: The most crucial thing to stave off the onset of diabetic neuropathy is to keep your blood sugar as close as possible to normal. This also helps to keep foot problems in check. ● Control blood pressure: It is always advisable to keep the blood pressure in the range of normal as high blood pressure damages the blood vessels by interfering with blood circulation to the feet and contributes to nerve and blood vessel damage. ● Quit smoking: Smoking interferes with blood circulation and effects of nerve and blood vessel, resulting in damage. ● Stay active: Exercising improves blood circulation and prevents damages. ● Maintain a healthy weight: For people who are overweight or obese, losing weight improves the body’s ability to control blood sugar, and it also takes some pressure off the feet. Check your feet: Though your doctor checks your feet once a year. On the other 364 days, you should take care of your feet through:Read more
- ● Cleaning your feet daily with warm and a mild soap. Avoid soaking the feet. Use a soft towel to dry the feet.
- ● Inspecting your feet every day for cuts, redness, blisters, swelling, calluses, or other problems. Use a mirror to check the bottoms of the feet.
- ● Use lotion to moisturize your feet. Don't leave the lotion between the toes.
- ● Filing the corns and calluses gently with a pumice stone after a shower.
- ● Cutting toenails and file the edges.
- ● Always wear shoes or slippers to protect feet from injuries. Also, wear thick, soft, seamless socks can prevent skin irritation.
- ● Wearing shoes that fit well and allow the toes to move.
- ● Checking your shoes to make sure that the shoes are free of tears, sharp edges, or objects that might injure the feet.
Although aging puts people at higher risk of severe eye problems, even then it's not necessary that loss of vision and aging go hand in hand. There are still numerous reasons responsible for this devastating impairment. And one such reason that causes vision to go endangered is stress. During this challenging period of life where you are too busy, grouchy and tiring, your eyes would pay the price like the rest of your body does. But, it can be prevented, as 40% to 50% of all blindness can be avoided or treated, mainly through regular visits to an eye specialist. However if you want to know what are the most common eye problems that results from too much of stress and here is a perfect guide for you how to manage it: What are the most common stress-related eye problems? Most of the stress-related eye problems are temporary. If you are experiencing constant problems with your eyes, no matter what is going on in your life, make sure you consult an eye doctor. But, if you have massive deadlines and your work reckons then you may notice the following eye problems: ● Sensitivity to light: Bright light hurts your eyes and makes it difficult for you to see.Read more
● Taking slow, deep breaths, sending the air into your belly instead of your chest ● Engaging yourself in different activities such as gardening, reading, swimming, etc. ● Exercising ● Taking warm bath ● Power naps
- ● Tunnel vision: Loss of peripheral vision makes you see things right in front of you.
- ● Eye twitching: Maybe one, or both of your eyes will randomly spasm.
- ● Dry or wet eyes: It is the most common symptom caused due to stress.
- ● Blurry vision: You may experience mild blur vision due to stress.
- ● Eye strain: This is caused due to simple activities like staring at the computer screen for an extended period at work
- ● Eye floaters: These are tiny spots that drift across your vision.
● Taking slow, deep breaths, sending the air into your belly instead of your chest ● Engaging yourself in different activities such as gardening, reading, swimming, etc. ● Exercising ● Taking warm bath ● Power naps
- ● Nutritious food and sufficient sleep
Millions of people endure painful athletic injuries every year. These injuries aren't just the expected bumps and bruises; it can result in more severe outcomes that may affect the bones and joints. One such common sport injuries are Jumper’s knee and Runner’s knee. Both are non-medical terms used to describe knee pain. Indeed though, both are quite similar and are often used interchangeably, both mark a huge difference. Patellar Tendinitis, or Jumper’s Knee, is the pain associated with tendon attached to the knee cap, also called patellar tendon, overuse or a sudden stress on the patellar tendon can cause inflammation or tears in the tendon tissue. Whereas the Patellofemoral pain syndrome or runner’s knee is the pain associated with the knee cap (Patella). Here are some detailed differences between Jumper’s Knee and Runner’s Knee.Read more
The most dangerous thing about sports and exercise activities is not doing it. True, injuries do happen — but don't let the threat of problems become an excuse for taking to your couch. Instead, take the simple steps that will reduce your risk of sports or exercise-induced injuries such as PRICE(Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation). Though you can manage many injuries yourself, do consult an orthopedician if the pain is persistent for a longer time.
Visiting a doctor is now much more easy. You are just one click away. Get online consultation with our best Orthopedician at www.askapollo.com
|Parameters||Jumper’s Knee||Runner’s Knee|
Are you struggling every morning to get out of the bed? Can't stand up straight without wincing in pain? Is your neck so stiff that you can barely move it? Is getting in or out of the car an awkward or painful experience? Neck and back pains are often annoying. It might be a sign of muscle spasm or ligament strain, but if you are experiencing persistent neck or back pain, then it could be caused due to something more severe condition, such as facet joint arthritis. Facet Joint Arthritis: When we hear “joints,” we often think of our knee, elbow, or hip. But our spine is also made up of joints. Each vertebra has two sets of synovial facet joints, located on either side of it. These joints provide extreme stability, support, and mobility to the spine, allowing the spine to perform forward flexion, extension, and twisting motions. Like any other joint, the facet joints also have cartilage, which wears and tears over time, preventing normal movement of the spine leading to arthritis of facet joints. Facet Joint Arthritis is often described as sharp, deep, or aching, pain in the facet joints which typically worsens if you lean your head toward, and may also radiate to your shoulder or upper back. Facet joint arthritis, as in other locations, may feel worse in the morning or after a period of inactivity. Causes and symptoms of facet joint arthritisRead more
- ● Age — Facet arthritis affects nearly 90 percent of people over the age of 55.
- ● Gender — Women are twice likely to suffer from facet arthritis than men.
- ● Obesity/overweight — Extra weight puts additional pressure on the spine joints.
- ● Work or sports-related injuries — Repetitive motion, like the twisting and bending can cause accelerated wearing down of the joints.
- ● Trauma — Sudden high impact injuries makes the spine more susceptible to developing facet joint arthritis.
- ● Complete health history
- ● Physical exam
- ● Imaging tests ( X-ray, CT scan, or MRI)
- Diagnostic injections( Facet Block)
- R● est: Rest can help ease the symptoms.
- ● Supports in bed: Special pillows and braces can make sleeping more comfortable. These also help to reduce the early morning pain.
- ● Muscle relaxers: If the pain is severe, strength medication are prescribed to calm muscles and ease pain and tightness.
- ● Mild pain relievers: Pain relievers such as anti-inflammatory drugs ease pain and relax muscles enough to end symptoms for brief periods of time.
- ● Physical therapy: A physiotherapist will advise few sitting, stretching, and sleeping exercises that relieve pain and prevent sore muscles and joints and will help you gain strength and stamina.
- ● Surgical treatment: If the primary treatment options do not relieve the pain then the doctor would advise a surgical treatment.