Kids often wolf down loads of candy bars, fast food, and frozen pizza bagels without any second thought, but as they grow older, they cut down all those extra calories and junk foods and start to struggle to lose those extra few pounds. Why does this happen? Metabolism likely takes a nosedive over years and ultimately impacts your health. Let's explore what is exactly metabolism and what it has to do with age. What is your metabolism? In simple terms, your metabolism is a chemical reactions that take place in your body to keep us alive. It also determines the number of calories you burn a day. The faster your metabolism, more the calories you burn. READ MORE: YOUR GUIDE TO A WEIGHT STABILIZING DIET Four key factors that influence the rate of metabolism are : ● Resting metabolic rate (RMR): Number of calories burned while you are asleep or resting. RMR is the least rate of metabolism required to keep you alive and functioning. ● Thermic effect of food (TEF): Number of calories burned through digesting and absorbing food. TEF is only 10% of your daily calories burned. ● Exercise: Number of calories burned during workout. ● Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT):Number of calories you burn through non-exercise activities, such as standing, fidgeting, washing the dishes and other household chores. Other factors that affect metabolism include age, height, muscle mass and hormonal factors Why does metabolism slow down with age? A few reasons for slowing down of metabolism include less activity, muscle loss and the aging of internal biosystem. ● People become less active as they age and burn fewer calories through limited activity. Being less active can significantly slow down metabolism and is responsible for only 10–30% of daily calories burned. ● People tend to lose muscle with age due to being less active, changes in diet and a decrease in hormone production such asestrogen, testosterone and growth hormone. The average adult loses up to 3–8% of muscle during each decade after 30. In fact, a research state that once you reach 80, you have roughly 30% less muscle than when you were 20. The loss of muscle with age is known as sarcopenia which leads to fractures, weakness and early death and it also slows down metabolism rate. ● The Chemical reactions inside your body determines the number of calories burned at rest (RMR). Two cellular components that induce these reactions are sodium-potassium pumps and mitochondria. While sodium-potassium pumps help generate nerve impulses and muscle and heart contractions, the mitochondria create energy for cells. These cellular components become less efficient with age and thus slows down metabolism. Although metabolism slows down with age, there are many ways to combat the sluggish metabolism which include resistance training, high-intensity training, eating enough protein and calories, getting plenty of rest and drinking green tea.Try adding a few of these methods into your daily routine to help keep your metabolism fast and give it a boost. READ MORE: EXERCISES FOR POST 60Read more
Remember how joyful it was to munch a handful of nuts? But, now do you avoid them or depend on a glass of water every time to easily swallow the food, then it may be a sign of dysphagia. Dysphagia simply means difficulty in swallowing. Food sometimes gets into the airway passage and makes it swallowing difficult. The word "Dysphagia" is derived from a Greek word, where "dys" means bad or disordered, and the “phag” means eat. Though dysphagia can occur to anyone, it is more common in elderly people. The reason behind this is, as you age just like any other muscles in the body, the muscles in the throat and mouth also lose the strength. Causes for Dysphagia: Dysphagia is typically blamed for the damaged, weakened, or destroyed muscles or nerves in the head and neck that causes difficulty in swallowing. There are two situations that can make it hard for food or liquids to travel down your esophagus such asRead more
- If the muscles and/or nerves that help movement of food through the throat and esophagus are not working in tandem. This could be due to a stroke, neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease, neck injury, mouth or throat cancer; or breathing problems.
- If something is blocking your throat or esophagus. This may happen if you suffer from:
- ● Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- ● Esophagitis
- ● Diverticula
- ● Esophageal tumors
- ● Coughing and choking during meals
- ● Pain while swallowing
- ● Recurrent lung infections
- ● Having pain or pressure in your chest or heartburn
- ● Shortness of breath while eating
- ● A gurgling sound in the voice
- ● X-rays
- ● Swallow test
- ● Esophagoscopy
- ● Laryngoscopy
Are you going through guilt, anger, anxiety, sadness, depression or despair which is constantly digging you deep inside? Then it’s time for you to immediately seek for a help. But, do you know whom to consult? Is it a psychologist or a psychiatrist? Well, if you are unsure what’s the difference is, then you are not alone. People often get confused and think both psychologist and psychiatrist mean one and the same as both treat patients with mental illness through assessment and counselling, by studying their brain, feelings, emotions and thoughts. While there are few similarities, there are some major differences too. And before you decide whom to consult, here’s what you need to know: How are they alike? The word “therapy” used in conjunction with “psycho” conjures up images of a patient lying on a couch sharing their feelings. But, this is a very limited view. According to the Greeks, the root of both the terms "psyche" means mind or spirit and hence both psychologists and psychiatrists share a common foundation. Psychologists and psychiatrists are two different professionals trained to help you deal with your mental health issues. Both are there to talk you through your concerns. They try to provide you with the means to manage the issues in your everyday life. Major differences between psychiatrists and psychologists include:Read more
Whom should I consult?
Now, that you know the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist and if you are still in doubt then talk to your General Physician. He will advise you whom to consult, a psychiatrist or a psychologist based upon the medical assessment.
There are times, when we go through a phase of sadness, grief, gloominess, guilt, anxiety, etc., but then we take this as a way of life and move ahead. But then there are times when emotions can create a lot of havoc in our daily routines. That’s the time when need to look for help. And if you notice the cloud of gloom hovering over anyone you know to get them the help they need. Take a step forward because effort starts with you!!
Apollo Hospitals is your helping hand in winning over mental illness. We at Apollo Hospitals offer you the most unique and critical assessment through a highly accomplished physician who understands your pain and believes in providing treatment with a human touch. To consult a doctor log on to www.askapollo.com
|Education qualification||Trained medical physicians (MDs or DOs) As an MD they are licensed to prescribe and to give full physical examinations.||Psychologists receive 5 years of graduate training leading to a PhD or PsyD in clinical psychology. Their primary training is in psychotherapy, behavioural science, psychological research and personality assessments.|
|Training and Practice backgrounds||Biology, Genetics and neurochemistry||Human behaviours such as sleep patterns, eating patterns, behavioural patterns and thoughts.|
|Type of work||They administer somatic therapies such electroconvulsive therapy(ECT) and psychotropic medication for those experiencing Severe depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar disorder||Clinical psychologists provide psychological/behavioural interventions for those who are experiencing psychological disorders, including anxiety, depression, anger, addictions, Behavioural problems, learning difficulties or family problems.|
|Method of treatment||Consults the patient for approximately 5 - 15 minutes and prescribes required medications or further diagnosis||Consults the patient for 45 - 60 minutes, educate about the mind-body relationship, provide emotional support, conduct psychological testing and assessment.|
|Core Practise||Curing mental disorders resulting from physical problems (genetic or obtained), primarily via medication or more invasive medical therapies such as ECT||Finding healthy alternative ways of thinking and living life. How to implement positive habits and assisting clients to improve and enjoy their relationships.|
Do you know that seasonal change has an enormous impact on human health? Just like every coin has two sides, even the monsoon has its plus and minus points. On the one hand, we get to enjoy the pleasant weather, the cool breeze and the blissful showers. While on the contrary, the rainy season is also synonymous with illnesses like malaria, dengue, chikungunya and other viral fevers etc. These health conditions can drop the platelet count, also known as thrombocytopenia. So, let's explore what are platelets, why are they important? And, when should one need platelet transfusion? What are platelets? Platelets (thrombocytes) are a type of blood cells that help in the repair of damaged tissues. They are part of the blood clotting system; they stop bleeding by clumping and forming plugs in blood vessel injuries. This process is scientifically known as hemostasis. Significantly, the platelets nature and count differ from individual to individual. Usually, an average platelet count is around 140,000 to 450,000 platelets in every microliter of blood. Fresh platelets are produced in the bone marrow and replace the dead ones. It is not only the adequate number that matters but also the quality of the platelets plays an important role in blood clotting and sustaining a quality life. Causes for the drop in platelets count: Drop in platelets count can occur in both children and adults. The decrease in the platelet count can be due to dengue, malaria and other viral fevers and other disorders, such as leukaemia or an immune system problem. It can also be a side effect of taking certain medications. Usually, the patients with heart diseases using blood thinner medications strongly influence the quality and functionality of platelets leading to a disastrous impact on blood clotting activity of the body. Read more: What is leukaemia? Symptoms of low platelets count: Usually, no symptoms are evident till the platelets counts fall below ten thousand. Once the platelets count drops below the required number, there is a high risk of haemorrhage (internal bleeding). However, the symptoms may not be seen in every person with low platelets count. Here are some common symptoms of low platelet count:Read more
- ● Excessive bruising (purpura)
- ● Prolonged bleeding from cuts
- ● Bleeding from your gums or nose
- ● Blood in urine or stools
- ● Unusually heavy menstrual flows
- ● Enlarged spleen
- ● Fatigue
The availability of quality treatment at par with developed countries at an affordable cost attracts patients across the world to India. Medical services in India are one of the lowest cost and high quality among all medical tourism destinations in the world. Increasing number of foreign patients to India each year underlines the supreme treatment available in India which costs about one-tenth of that in the United States. The Indian Government also contributes to cost effective medical service in the country by relaxing visa restrictions for people seeking medical treatment and regulating the cost of treatment which ensures affordability for all. English is an official language in India and is widely used by medical professionals in the country. Also, Apollo hospitals have language translators to make non-English speaking patients comfortable during the treatment period. This removes language barriers for patients travelling from foreign countries and makes it easy to communicate with doctors. Apollo Hospitals for International patients The International Patients Department at Apollo Hospitals is always ready to assist patients in planning and preparing their travel itinerary to the hospital. We are committed to ensuring that our foreign patients are provided with international quality treatment and also make sure they are comfortable throughout their stay with us. Patients can approach our International Patients Department for any assistance or queries regarding their stay in India and travel back home. International patients seeking Indian medical facilities can go through our website to know about Apollo Hospitals and our specialized departments for specific diagnosis and treatments. All information about our services, technologies, competencies, medical team, specialities, hospitals and doctors are furnished in detail. Our representatives are available at any hour to provide additional information about Apollo Hospitals and services. Apollo Hospitals in India International patients can choose from any of the 64 hospitals located across the country for treatment in Apollo Hospitals according to their travel plan. Patients can also prefer to get consulted with a doctor of their choice and plan the trip. To make it easy to decide which Apollo Hospital to be selected, we have a facility to find the doctor through our website. Specialties of Apollo Hospitals Apollo Hospitals is one of the most renowned multi-specialty hospitals in India equipped with excellent medical facilities using sophisticated technologies. We have always taken care to maintain the quality and standards of medical services provided to our patients. Our medical team has leading specialists with immense knowledge and experience in their subjects. Our doctors are dedicated to bringing excellent results to patients using experience, knowledge, technology and responsibility. We have facilities and arrangements that make our patients from foreign countries feel at home and care that only someone special can offer. What we expect to provide our patients from abroad is complete recovery and return to normal life at the earliest. That’s how Apollo Hospitals work and keeps up the goodwill of medical service excellence. Apollo Hospitals Quality Policies The Apollo Standards of Clinical Care (TASCC) is set to ensure that quality treatment is provided to patients across all Apollo Hospitals. It provides information about patient safety, adverse event reporting, review, standardized policies, etc.Some of the key initiatives of TASCC are: ● Apollo Clinical Excellence (ACE 25) which is a scorecard to evaluate the functional efficiency of the hospital. ● Apollo Quality Program (AQP) to ensure patient safety during clinical handovers, surgical safety, medication safety and the six International Patient Safety Goals of JCI. ● Apollo Incident Reporting System (AIRS) to track all incidents that pose a safety risk to patients families, visitors and staff, including sentinel events. ● Apollo Mortality Review (AMR) to peer review all mortality cases at Apollo to identify any preventable deaths.Read more
- ● Apollo Critical Policies, Plans and Procedures (ACPPP) are a group of standardized clinical and non-clinical processes that help Apollo provide desired clinical care to patients under all circumstances.
We often underestimate the importance of our shoulders and forget that they are involved in almost all the daily activities performed by us. Simple activities such as taking a book off an overhead shelf, reaching an arm back to put on a coat, or even a simple morning stretch turns nearly impossible if your shoulders are weak. Shoulder pains and stiffness are common. But, if you are experiencing a severe seizure in shoulders or feeling the shoulders go freeze or struck when held in one position for a long time and if the pain worsens over the time, it may be a "Frozen shoulder". Frozen shoulder ( also known as “adhesive capsulitis” ) is the most common causes of intrinsic shoulder pain. Frozen shoulder isn't as pleasant as it sounds. It refers to painful seizures and stiffness of muscles in the shoulder that is often followed by periods of immobilisation. The resulting disability can turn more severe and tends to get worse if left untreated. It affects mainly people of age 40 to 60 and is more common in women than men. Causes of Frozen Shoulder: The shoulder often freezes up because of an inactivity for an extended period, which may be due to an injury, surgery, or illness making you more vulnerable to inflammation and adhesions, which are bands of stiff tissues. Symptoms of Frozen Shoulder: A frozen shoulder does not happen all of a sudden, but it develops over a period of time, and the main symptoms include: ● Pain often worsens at night ● Stiffness of muscle ● Limited movement of arm Stages of Frozen shoulder: A frozen shoulder develops in stages. ● Freezing, or painful stage: The shoulder becomes painful and stiff during movement. Movement becomes limited. The pain typically worsens at night. ● Frozen, or adhesive stage:The shoulder becomes increasingly stiff, severely limiting the range of motion. Pain may not diminish, but it does not usually worsen. ● Thawing stage: Movements begins to improve. Pain may fade but reoccurs. Diagnosis of Frozen shoulder: Your doctor may suspect a frozen shoulder if the physical examination reveals limited shoulder movements. An X-ray may be done to see whether symptoms are for frozen shoulder or any other condition such as osteoarthritis or a fracture. Treatment options at Apollo Hospitals: Treatment for frozen shoulder involves stretching and sometimes injecting corticosteroids and numbing medication into the joint capsule. In some cases, surgery may also be advised to loosen the joint capsule. Read more: Physiotherapy for frozen shoulder! The Apollo Institute of Orthopedics is regarded as one of the best & top orthopaedics hospitals in India with a legacy of innovation and excellence. The Institute of Orthopedics is at the forefront in offering the latest Orthopedic treatments and surgical advancements in India on par with the best centres in the world. Our team of Orthopedicians are well trained at the top centres worldwide, along with with the latest cutting edge technology. If you are experiencing any painful seizures in the shoulder, act immediately Don’t ignore pain and consult a doctor at the earliest before the pain worsens. To book an appointment log on to www.askapollo.comRead more
In past few years, medical tourism has gained immense popularity. The reason people choose to travel for medical intervention is to receive the best medical care with excellent outcomes which are often missing in their own country. A recent study also supports the fact by quoting “the number of individuals who visit India, for treatment has increased by 23 to 25 per cent per annum”. One of the reasons for people visiting India is also due to the amalgam of world class healthcare services with latest technology at a very cost effective rates, along with an opportunity to visit exotic locales. Since flying to a new country, especially for medical treatment can be daunting and strenuous task, here are a few valuable tips to choose medical tourism facility in India ● Travelling that extra Mile Travelling to another country for medical treatment can be a stressful ordeal, and Apollo Hospitals understands that very well. One can contact Apollo Hospitals International Representatives for advice before planning their trip. Our best doctors are also available to provide online consultation to help and support International patients. At the airport too, arrangements are made for a pickup service along with the hotel stay arrangements. ● Find cost effective travelling options The cost of your trip is always a major factor to be considered before you plan a trip because nearly 80 percent of people consider cost as a major driver for their medical travel. Apollo Hospitals help patients find cost effective travelling options from any part of the world. Our international representatives are always ready to assist you with a plan which is tailored to your needs. ● Your stay in India The cost of accommodation is always related to the cost of living of the country you visit. One of the most attractive things in medical tourism in India is that accommodation is much cheaper than other countries. If you plan to stay near any of the Apollo hospitals during the treatment and after that, the International patients services can help you make the hotel and room arrangements during your stay. Considering the facilities in a hospital The quality of the services in a hospital is the most important factor you should consider after you have chosen the country for your treatment. Some countries offer low-cost treatment but the facilities provided may not be as expected. Luckily, hospitals in India are at par with international standards in quality and advancements in facilities provided. ● Doctor's Qualifications Before preferring a particular foreign doctor or physician, one should first consider the doctor's credentials. Apollo Hospitals has over 7,000 best doctors working in over 56 different specialities to cater to patient needs. To book an appointment log on to www.askapollo.com ● International standards Hospitals which are International and national accredited offer world class medical care as they have to follow norms to obtain accreditation. Apollo Hospital has been accredited by both international and national accreditation such as Joint Commission International (JCI), USA and National Accreditation Board for Hospitals to assures the best practices in a safe environment. ● Overcoming the language barrier Visiting a new country may not be convenient for all. Language is a primary concern while visiting a foreign country. The doctors at Apollo hospitals are well conversant in English, and they have a team of translators at their International patients department who communicate with patients in their colloquial language. ● Insurance and Liability A major consideration when choosing a medical tourism destination is the question of responsibility and liability. Despite the huge savings that medical tourism provides, an increased risk may still be apparent. Apollo Hospitals coordinate with various International Insurance providers to hold your responsibility. For more details, please contact our International Patient Services Desk/Admission Counter or an Apollo Hospitals’ International Representative today. If the health insurance is not available to you, take comfort in the fact we offer affordable treatment packages. As a forerunner in medical tourism, Apollo hospitals not only attracts westerners, but also patients from different parts of the world, including Asia, Africa and the Middle East come here for treating ailments of heart, cancer, liver and other organ transplants, HIV and other life-threatening infections. Since its inception, Apollo hospitals has to its credit the trust of 50 million patients from over 140 countries. It is constantly striving to enhance its facilities and infrastructure to offer international patients, a world-class healthcare system that emphasizes on safety and excellence.Read more
Managing life with Low Blood Pressure The human body is truly an incredible creation, with an intricate balance of systems that functions in a marvellous synchrony for a healthy body. And if this intricate balance is disturbed, let’s say if someone’s blood pressure is too low then it is indeed a negative sign towards health. When we refer to blood pressure, it is denoted by two figures for example 120 on 80. The top number denotes your systolic reading which relates to the blood pressure during heart contraction, and the bottom value denotes the diastolic reading which refers to filling the heart with blood between muscle contractions. The optimal blood pressure level of a healthy person is 120/80 mmHg, and this reading depends on various factors such as age, height and weight. A blood pressure reading less than 90/60 mmHg is considered as low blood pressure or Hypotension. If your blood pressure gets critically low, there is a significant danger that your body will not receive sufficient oxygen to carry out its normal functions. Decreased oxygen can result in impaired functioning of the heart and brain and cause trouble in breathing. People with low blood pressure can lose consciousness or go into shock. In few cases, low blood pressure can also be life-threatening. Causes of Low Blood Pressure: The causes of low blood pressure can be due to dehydration or any severe medical or surgical issues. But, it's necessary to find out the underlying causes for low blood pressure, to get appropriate treatment. Certain medical conditions that can lead to low blood pressure are:Read more
- ● Pregnancy
- ● Heart problems such as extremely low heart rate (bradycardia), heart valve problems, ● heart attack and heart failure.
- ● Endocrine problems such as parathyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease), low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and, in few cases, diabetes can also trigger low blood pressure.
- ● Dehydration
- ● Loss of blood during any major injury or internal bleeding
- ● Severe infection (septicemia)
- ● Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
- ● Lack of nutrients in your diet
- ● Water pills (diuretics)
- ● Alpha blockers
- ● Beta blockers
- ● Drugs for Parkinson's disease
- ● Certain types of antidepressants
- ● Drugs for erectile dysfunction
- ● Dizziness or lightheadedness
- ● Blurred vision
- ● Fainting (syncope)
- ● Nausea
- ● Lack of concentration
- ● Fatigue
- ● Confusion, especially in older people
- ● Cold, clammy, pale skin
- ● Rapid, shallow breathing
- ● Weak and rapid pulse
- ● Blood test
- ● Echocardiogram
- ● Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- ● Stress test
- ● Take adequate amount of salt
- ● Increase the fluid intake
- ● Wear compression stockings
Ancient Greek mythology legends speaks highly of female warriors who had only one breast, fighting the wars of their own and it seems so apt for today’s women bravely fighting the deadly breast cancer. Over the past few decades, there has been a rise in incidences of breast cancer overtaking cervical cancer. Globally, around 1.7 million new cases were diagnosed with breast cancer, and India alone has a jaw dropping stats with a count of 1,55,000 and a mortality rate of 76,000 yearly. But, with increasing hope and life-saving treatment options available today, breast cancer is no more a life threatening disease. For combating breast cancer, Apollo Hospitals brings together the brightest minds in medical, surgical & radiation oncology, along with a complete range of high-end ancillary experts who have performed over 50,000 surgeries over the past two decades. What is Breast cancer? A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can develop into nearby tissues or spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body. Breast cancer begins with the formation of a malignant tumor in the breast, where there is a massive growth of carcinogenic cells in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules of the breast. How does one spot Breast Cancer? Early signs of the cancer can be felt by the individual itself. And as it develops the following signs can be noticed: The first obvious symptom of breast cancer is a lump in the breast or armpits which persists after the menstrual cycle. These lumps may be painless but some may give a prickly sensation. The other signs may include: Pain or tenderness of the breast ● Unusual discharge from the nipple, it may be bloody, clear or may be in other colour. ● In-drawing of the nipple or skin of the breast. ● A change in nipple, itching, dimpling or a burning sensation ● Swelling in the armpit. Self-Examination to identifying breast cancer: The most crucial step in the process of early detection of breast cancer is self-examination. Here are few steps to help you detect:Read more
- ● By facing the mirror, raise your left hand & with right hand make circular rotations on the left breast to feel any lumps. Closely examine the size, shape, position, or if any discolouration.
- ● Watch out for changes in skin such as puckering, sores or dimpling.
- ● Choose either the circle, the up and down line or the wedge pattern for detection.
- ● Raise your arms and look for any changes in armpit such as lumps.
- ● Inspect your nipples for any sores, peeling or change in the direction of the nipples.
- ● Continue to look for any signs of fluid discharge in either of the nipples (this could be a watery, milky, or yellow fluid or blood).
- ● Repeat the same process with the other arm.
- ● Screening, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of breast diseases
- ● Diagnostic evaluation and treatments include:
- ● Breast MRI
- ● Mammography
- ● Breast ultrasound
- ● Ductoscopy
- ● PET Scan
- ● Biopsy
- ● Gene testing
- ● Mastectomy
- ● Breast conservative surgery (Breast saving surgery / Breast removal surgery)
- ● Reconstructive Surgery
Don’t ignore your noisy knees. They may be conveying something to you, especially when you are over the age of 35 and above. A new study states that it could be a risk sign of developing Osteoarthritis. During yoga class or at the gym or even bending down to pick something up during your workday, we all might have heard the cracks that can come when we bend our knees. A little cracking or popping when you move your knees is considered normal and is harmless. But, what if it happens frequently and associated with pain? It may be a cause of various underlying health complications that may include: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or patellar dysfunction and are advised to seek medical evaluation. Curious to know why your knees make noises? Let’s find out What is Knee cracking? The occasional popping, snapping and crackling sound heard while flexing the knees is known as “knee cracking” or “knee crepitus”. It is quite common for the knee joints to produce a cracking sound while performing squats, knee crunches and stretching exercise and/or while bending or folding the knees. This is accompanied by a grating or popping sensation that is usually not accompanied by any knee pain. What causes the “cracking” sound? The cracking sound, medically known as “crepitus” is caused due to the presence of air in the space between the joints, subcutaneous tissue, and bones. Over time air builds up in the areas surrounding the joint, forming tiny bubbles in the synovial fluid (which acts as a lubricant between the bones and joints). The synovial fluid protects the bones and joints and avoids friction and tearing. These bubbles formed in the synovial fluid, burst and ligaments may snap or pop when the knees are bent or flexed. Common Causes of Cracking KneeRead more
- ● Age factor: Knee Crepitus is common for people of all ages. However, as pe0ple get older, the cracking sounds usually progresses and become louder and may or may not be audible to other people. Pain may develop gradually with age this is due to wear and tear, thinning of cartilages, soft tissue and bone and decreasing joint space.
- ● Injuries: An injury or trauma causing the fracture to the knee, tearing of meniscus and rupture of the tendon.
- ● Obesity: People who are overweight or obese might experience knee crepitus, with or without any accompanying knee pain. These people usually experience knee pain that is caused by the excess weight and pressure on the knees. It is best to consult a doctor in case the pain worsens.
- ● Over usage of joints: Excessive wear and tear usually experienced by rigorous sports activities like cycling, climbing, running and training for marathons, squatting and ground sitting habits etc, cause knee cracking with occasional knee pain. Best advice would be to consult a doctor to evaluate the cause of pain.
- ● Osteoarthritis: Painful and popping knees are a common symptom of osteoarthritis. Middle-aged and older adults are often prone to Osteoarthritis (OA). Mechanical stress and biochemical changes, osteoporosis and other age-related factors cause the degeneration of the cartilage that cushions the joint, causing inflammation and knee pain. It is best to consult an orthopedician and seek advice and treatment.
- ● Weight reduction and avoiding activities that exert excessive stress on joint cartilage.
- ● Regular exercise like cycling, swimming and moderate walking helps to decrease the joint stiffness and increase flexibility, improves the strong muscles that actual knee and maintain the joint space.
- ● Walk up hills or upstairs, avoiding squatting and ground sitting habits are also useful