A coronary artery bypass surgery adds more years of happiness and joy to your life, it makes you free and corrected from the life-threatening blockages in your heart arteries thereby improving your cardiovascular health. Getting life back on track after undergoing a bypass surgery is a life changing experience. The roadmap to recovery may be long, because recovery isn’t just physical but also psychological, that helps you gets back to your normal life. Long-term recovery after a bypass surgery will involve managing the various risk factors that contribute towards further cardiovascular problems. Some risk factors can’t be changed such as any family history, but other factors such as dietary and physical activities can be efficiently managed. There are various medical professionals and support groups available to help you make things happen for a sooner recovery. This support can be for a short time, later on it is you who has to be by your side. Read on to know the steps you have to take to improve your heart health after a bypass surgery. Always remember that the disease that caused blockages in your heart was progressive, and so will be the recovery. You will have to follow proper guidelines provided by the medical professionals for returning to your normal life that includes medication, physical activities and other lifestyle changes which you will have to take post surgery. 1) Medication: At the time of discharge, you will be prescribed with various medications that aims to promote sooner recovery and healing from surgery and reducing all the possible risk factors for further disturbances. After a bypass surgery you will probably receive a prescription that includes medication ● To reduce cholesterol ● Antiplatelets and Aspirin to prevent blood clots ● Beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors to lower blood pressure ● Nitrates to control chest pain 2) Smoking Cessation: Smoking causes severe damage to the walls of arteries and contributes directly to creation of many coronary blockages in the arteries. Bypass surgery may have saved your life or lessened or stopped pains, but it did not cure the heart disease process, which is progressive. If you continue smoking, then quitting is essential to slow down further damage to your heart. Various support tools and resources can help you to quit smoke. 3) Eating a Healthy Diet As with smoking, an unhealthy diet will continue to contribute to your cardiovascular disease. Your physician will design a plan for a heart-healthy diet which is low in cholesterol with saturated and trans-fats that can slow or stop the buildup of plaque inside the artery walls. 4) Physical activities: The bone in the middle of your chest (sternum) which was opened during your bypass surgery will usually take about 12 weeks to heal.Your physician will provide some exercise guidelines after the surgery. There are some activities you will need to limit before you heal completely. These include carrying anything heavier, bending or vigorous swimming. Once you are through the initial recovery period, you can get back to all your regular activities. As you return to physical activity, walking is an excellent choice for gradually rebuilding your activity level. 5) Sexual activities: It is obvious to feel shy when asking your doctor regarding sexual activity after bypass surgery. Your doctor’s directions will be tailored to your health and circumstances. But, once you have been cleared by your doctor for physical activity, sexual activity is also approved. It is also essential to note that 50 % to 75 % of patients, experience sexual problems after any heart event due to heart disease, side effects from medications, fear of straining the heart or depression. 6) Diabetes Management Diabetes contributes a major portion of any cardiovascular disease, and bypass surgery is often advised over other alternative treatment for diabetes patients with blockages in multiple arteries. If you are diabetic, managing your diabetes in conjunction with your healthcare providers, plays a significant role in recovery. 7) Stress Management Learning how to manage your stress is part of a heart-healthy lifestyle because stress and heart disease create a vicious cycle. Continuous stress appears to be a risk factor for heart disease, and a diagnosis of heart disease is stressful. In order to manage your stress: ● Make positive face-to-face connection with other people a priority ● Move your body frequently—don't sit for more than an hour ● Reduce your intake of alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine ● Do something you enjoy every day ● Get all the restful sleep that you need to feel your best ● When you can't change the stressor, learn to avoid, alter, adapt, or accept ● Learn more by reading the related articles Ongoing Care You will have to visit your doctor frequently after surgery for periodic checkups to track your progress. During the visits, tests may be done to see how your heart is working. The tests may include Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), echocardiography, stress testing, and cardiac CT. Your doctor may prescribe medicines to manage pain during recovery, lower cholesterol and to maintain proper blood pressure, decrease the risk of forming blood clots, manage diabetes or treat depression. Taking medicines on time as prescribed also is an important part of care, after surgery.Read more
Everyone in our life would have come across at least one person either directly or indirectly related suffering with cancer syndromes. The moment people hear the word cancer, something that strikes their mind is loss of life. It causes the nightmare to the entire family and friends. But unlike the gone days, the technology and inventions are trending in cancer treatment, which has made millions of people around the globe to relax and breathe. Transforming cancer into the manageable chronic disease has now become possible with the trends revolutionizing in 2017. Treating cancer has always been seen from different perspective, unlike other diseases. Year-by-year many new trends emerge for how to treat the condition or how cancer is seen. This evolving trend involves right from focusing on a specific research to identifying causes of incidents to prevent or cure cancer. Cancer Care Trend in 2017 Cancer specialists come up with many new diagnostic strategies and care approaches to improve cancer care, which they also strive to make it cost-effective. Although new innovations are expensive and may affect an array of group including payers, providers, researchers and ultimately the patients with high treatment costs, appropriate analysis and implementation of new cancer care management can help promoting the new trend available to all patients. Something good to say about the trending cancer care management in 2017 is that the new therapeutic strategies and diagnosis is improving while reducing the complexities in treating chronic condition. To say, the clinical innovation has certainly progressed from 12 common non-melanoma cancers to recognizing 145 distinct cancers. This progress states that cancer is no longer a grave threat, whereas majority of patients are gaining hope to live longer and healthier. Trending Research for Cancer Research categorizes cancer by types and its occurrence related with mortality rates, which the scientists strive to correlate, detect and prevent, especially with a targeted group of population. To specify, research states that rate of colorectal cancer is high among African-Americans. Besides, the research also reveals that obesity has a vital role in some type of cancers. Oncologist researches more on understanding how demographics and genetics work on managing and improving cancer care. There is no doubt that better technology has caused less discomfort in the treatment. It has also given clearer data and details. This progress has certainly slowed the cancer occurrences and lowered mortality rate of many types of cancer. Combining Targeted Therapies The most important trend of cancer to look in 2017 is to reduce the overall death rate from cancer. Some researchers have found combining a set of targeted therapies with immunotherapy to be successful and the biggest trend in treating cancer in 2017. Key highlights: ● This therapy uses the immune system of the body to fight cancer cells ● It blocks biochemical pathways or the mutant proteins, which cancer cells require to survive. This pathway will halt the growth of tumor ● Immunotherapy combined with targeted therapies can control the disease over long-term ● Patients who find immunotherapy successful, then the treatment is highly promising ● However, further research defines that reprogramming epigenetics of tumor can bring better outcomes in many patients Traditional Therapies There is no doubt that traditional therapy has proven to be extremely impactful. This approach has been in practice for thousands of years, which is effective and given better results to many patients. 2017 Trends Shaping Cancer Care Management ● Here are the remarkable trends shaping cancer care management: ● Cancer is no longer a life threat, as the mortality rate has fallen by 22% since 1990. The number of cancer survivors is continuously increasing ● The accelerating pace of innovations in cancer therapeutics and diagnostics has enabled the researchers to refine the risk factors ● Genetic research points out immunotherapies with personalized medicines ● Many worldwide cancer institutes have pulled the public attention with cost-effective cancer care management ● Improved screening and early detection of cancer has enabled immediate treatment and reduction in growth of tumor. In addition to the above-said progress in cancer care trend, the increasing number of cancer hospitals and availability of quality treatment at reduced cost have further paved a successful way to cure and prevention of cancer in 2017.Read more
Reasons Why You’re Stomach Ulcer Won't Heal: Stomach ulcer or gastric ulcer is a common condition experienced by millions of people around the globe. There can be various causes for stomach ulcer based on the patient’s lifestyle and eating habits. Many people never pay attention to stomach ulcer at the early stage, rather suffer at the last minute when the problem aggravates. This is one of the major digestive problems that you should never ignore the moment you realize the symptoms. Even a normal or simple abdominal pain should be immediately noticed to prevent stomach ulcer. There are some contradictions about, will stomach ulcer heal or not! This can be understood by understanding the condition you are experiencing and knowing the problem. Stomach Ulcer: Understanding the condition can certainly help every individual to become aware of stomach ulcer at the initial stage. Gastric and digestive problems are becoming very common in recent days among people. This may be of different forms; however, estimating the severity is quite difficult. Perhaps the first suspect gastroenterologist thinks about will be the spicy meal or any change in food habit the patient had. You should never ignore and give immediate medical attention if the pain is frequent, as it may lead to serious gastric or stomach ulcers. Here are few facts about stomach ulcer;Read more
- ● Stomach ulcer is the lesion in the stomach lining
- ● It is exposed hugely to stomach acids that support food digestion
- ● Anyone can become the victim of stomach ulcer, and especially women between 55 and 65 age groups are more prone
- ● It is the painful sores with visible signs of peptic ulcer disease
- ● Stomach ulcers that occur in the part of intestine beyond stomach is known as duodenal ulcer
- ● It is possible to easily cure stomach ulcer, however, they may become severe when there is no proper treatment given
- ● It causes a burning and gnawing pain in the center of abdomen
- ● Some patient may experience symptoms like heartburn, indigestion, and sickness
- ● Pain will be severe when stomach is empty and it may last even for hours
- ● Weight loss
- ● Nausea/vomiting
- ● Acid reflux
- ● Heartburn
- ● Increase in pain as you eat or drink
- ● Bloating
- ● Dull pain and not wanting to eat due to pain
- Studies state that 1 in 10 people get stomach ulcer
- It may affect children
- People over 60 years of age are mostly affected by stomach ulcers
- ● Sudden sharp pain in the abdomen
- ● Vomiting blood
- ●Passing dark and sticky stools
- ● Some patients may also have internal bleeding
- ● If you are getting back to your same old eating habit, then the condition may come back
- ● If the prescribed medication not reacting to Helicobacter infection
- ● If you are always in the high-stress situation at your work and home
- ● If you are a slow healer and bleeder
- ● If you are not drinking enough water
- ● Laboratory tests for H. pylori.
- ● Gastroscopy
- ● Upper gastrointestinal series X-ray ( often called as Barium Swallow, series of X-rays of upper digestive system)
- ● Treating digesting system with proper medication is the first attempt
- ● If the stomach ulcer is the result of H.pylori, then take antibiotics
- ● Moderate ulcer may require H2 blockers, Proton pump inhibitors, cytoprotective agents and over-the-counter antacids
Are you noticing changes in your sleep lately? Or are you gaining or losing weight remarkably? If you can relate yourself with these, then there may be something wrong with your thyroid gland. This changes may be accompanied by symptoms that are unusual and unique for you. Sometimes it happens that people overlook the warning signs send by the body as they may be not very strong to convince a person that he/she might be suffering from thyroid. Also, due to lack of awareness people are not able to relate the symptoms with thyroid. Here in this blog, we shall focus on the part that if you are facing any health issue, then you might need to get your thyroid checked: A quick glance on the thyroid disorder: Let us first know what actually is Thyroid - Thyroid disease is a very common problem that can be caused either due to under or over function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a vital butterfly-shaped organ located in the front of the neck below Adam's apple which is responsible for producing the thyroid hormones. These hormones maintain the metabolism of our body and when there is any imbalance in the levels of thyroid hormones it leads to thyroid disorders. The thyroid disorders stick around 0.8 to 5% people and women are 4-7 times more vulnerable than men. Thyroid diseases are of many types; however, there are two major conditions - hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism include: ● Diarrhea ● Changes in the eye ● Goiter ● Weakened muscles ● Profuse sweating and heat intolerance ● Rapid and forceful heartbeat ● Anxiety, restlessness and sleeplessness ● Tremors ● Weight loss even when the appetite is increased Symptoms of Hypothyroidism include: ● Constipation ● Goiter ● Muscles get weaker ● Constant fatigue ● Sensitivity to cold ● Poor memory slowed the mental process ● Thick puffy skin and/or dry skin ● Weak and slow heart beat However, symptoms differ from person to person and it is not necessary to have all the symptoms stated above. Many people may have these symptoms but do not have thyroid disease. Therefore, it is always recommended to consult your doctor if you suspect thyroid illness. Thyroid may be a cause of many health problems Most of the thyroid disorders are curable, however, if left untreated then can seriously affect the other parts of the body. Also, many people suffer the symptoms but due to lack of awareness they are not able to relate it with the thyroid disorder. As a result, it delays the treatment and leads to serious complications. Here are certain symptoms that you must take a notice of that might be pointing towards thyroid: In case of hyperthyroidism: ● Fever, fast heart rate and delirium. This condition requires an urgent medical help. ● Osteoporosis (brittle bones) ● Eye problems including bulging eyes, double or blurred vision or even loss of vision ● Heart problems such as rapid heart rate or problems with the rhythm of the heart. These issues can usually be treated ● Red and swollen skin mainly at shins and on feet. In case of hypothyroidism: ● Cold intolerance, drowsiness and lethargy leading to unconsciousness. This requires an urgent medical help. ● Problem in swallowing and breathing due to enlarged goiter ● Some congenital disabilities ● Increased cholesterol levels and related heart diseases ● Infertility ● Mental issues such as depression ● Premature delivery or miscarriage ● Numbness and pain in your legs and arms or other areas All these symptoms may or may not be related to thyroid, but if you have one or more of these symptoms then there are pretty good chances that the underlying cause could be thyroid. Therefore, it is very important to keep a general awareness so that you can report the symptoms to the ENT specialist to confirm the condition and get timely treatment. Beware and fight thyroid!Read more
Have you experienced the jerk in your knee while getting up from your chair in the office or did you find it difficult to bend down and pick up things from the floor? There are many such little pains here and there in the joints across the body that gives sometimes mild and other times severe pain. For elders, the conditions are every grave because of their long sitting positions and less activity. Even the young generation is becoming a victim of joints pains due to long sitting hours in the office and less physical activity. There are a number of other contributing factors too, the understanding of which can make us aware and avoid such troubling physical inabilities. Joint Pains due to Long Sitting Hours - A Kind of Psoriatic Arthritis One of the common conditions that people experience due to sitting for long hours is Psoriatic Arthritis. This may cause stiffness and pain in your joints. In the initial stage, it can be controlled with a little exercising, yoga, hot pads, ice packs etc, however, if is pain is persistent, never attempt to reduce the pain yourself, as it may lead to other consequences. It is recommended to consult your doctor for its proper diagnosis and treatment. There are multiple diagnostic approaches available to establish the main cause of such knee pain and give appropriate treatment. By addressing the exact cause and initiating the right treatment, the severance of the diseases can be reduced or stopped. Causes of Joint Pain after sitting Long Hours Here are some of the major causes of joint pain after sitting for long hours:Read more
- ● This condition may be caused due to damage in the joint due to arthritis. Arthritis is further categorized into Osteoarthritis, caused due to wear and tear to joints, which is very common with aging factors, and Rheumatoid arthritis, which is caused due to dysfunction of the immune system resulting in damages to joints.
- ● Osteomyelitis, which is an infection in the bone causing joint pain after sitting for long hours. This may result in septic arthritis which refers to the infection of joint space.
- ● Other conditions like tears, tendons, rupture of cartilage and ligaments can also cause knee pain
- ● Gout, a disorder in which the crystals are built up in the knee and joints can cause joint pain.
- ● Tumors in bone joints is a severe condition that can also result in joint pains
- ● Increase in age
- ● Smoking / alcohol
- ● Family history
- ● Improper diet
- ● Too much of physical strain and others
- ● Change your sitting posture at least once in 30 minutes
- ● Try to go for a small walk in between your work hours to relax your legs, hip, neck and shoulder
- ● Try to stretch your body doing some physical exercise that may relax your entire body
- ● Remember, stiffness is one of the main problems causing such joint pain, therefore you may need to follow flexibility improvement tips.
Life is full of uncertainties and in its lap comes joy and sorrow together. We can embrace anything except for the loss of life that happens suddenly due to mishaps stealing the spirit of a family forever. One such dread comes with cardiac arrest which is short, fierce, and sometimes powerful enough to take the life of the victim. You would have heard of a sudden death of someone that did not give enough time to seek treatment or do something and later that was discovered as a cardiac arrest. According to cardiologists, if someone can identify the risk factors, symptoms, and act quickly to seek treatment immediately, the life can be saved. Keep yourself informed of what cardiac arrest is about and what all can be done to prevent it. What is a Sudden Cardiac Arrest? Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a health condition in which the heart stops beating suddenly altering the flow of blood to other body parts. It is the effect of an electrical malfunction resulting in irregular heart rhythms, also known as arrhythmia. If not addressed and treated immediately, it may lead to sudden cardiac death. Symptoms of a Sudden Cardiac Arrest The symptoms are witnessed suddenly without any warning and are drastic. Mostly they include sudden collapse, no pulse, no breathing, and loss of consciousness. In some of the cases, these severe symptoms are accompanied with prior signs of chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness, palpitations, and vomiting. Is there any link between SCA and heart attack? Yes, a person recovering from a heart attack or a heart attack survivor is at a greater risk of SCA. There are many heart conditions responsible for a SCA and heart attack is one of the most common reasons.Read more
“Time is Life” in Sudden Cardiac ArrestTime-to-treatment is very crucial in determining the chances of survival of an SCA patient. In most of the cases, the patient goes not receive life-saving defibrillation within the time which initially leads to brain death and then gradually to permanent death. The patient should receive treatment within first 4 to 6 minutes to survive. What Can You Do in a SCA Emergency?
- Identify the symptoms and act quickly. The emergency arises without any warning making the victim unconscious, unresponsive, collapsing, and not breathing properly.
- Call the emergency number immediately.
- Don’t waste a single minute. Start doing CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) as soon as possible. Conduct CPR with your hands compressing the chest of the patient in the middle. Do it hard and fast approximately 100 times in a minute. It can prove to be a lifesaver.
- Try to carry the patient immediately to a hospital while continuing the hand CPR.
- Try to help with Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs). This automated device can be used by non-medical people as well to save the life of a victim. These devices are installed in public places, airports, corporate houses, shopping malls, stadiums, gyms, hotels, schools, and other organizations.
- Embrace a healthy lifestyle: Maintain proper body weight, do physical activity, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking.
- Manage and monitor your health condition: If you had a heart attack or if you are suffering from conditions like diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, you need to be watchful and get yourself treated as soon as possible.
- Family history: Go for regular checkups if you have a family history of coronary heart disease.
An imaging device is the most important tool in the clinician’s arsenal to view the anatomical structures. Out of the many imaging devices that uses a plethora of techniques; those that employ normal vision to view structures in their normal physiological phase are the most useful. One such device is a thin flexible tube called an endoscope with its own lens and a light source connected to a video monitor to display crisp real time pictures of internal structures. Endoscope aids in checking symptoms and diagnosing, treating conditions. It is also helpful in surgical management to treat or palliate conditions. Its use during follow up is one of the few direct methods of confirming the non recurrence of an illness. Gastroscopy is a procedure where an endoscope is used to examine the lining of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract including the esophagus (gullet), stomach and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). This is also referred as upper GI endoscopy or esophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD). It’s an excellent test in identifying and treating the cause of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract. It is more accurate than X-rays or barium tests for detecting inflammation, ulcers and tumors of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Gastroscopy used to check symptoms or confirm diagnosis is called diagnostic gastroscopy and gastroscopy to treat a condition is called therapeutic gastroscopy. It may be recommended when there are symptoms that suggest a problem in the stomach, esophagus or the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). Problems that are often investigated using Gastroscopy are:Read more
- Abdominal pain
- Pain or difficulty when swallowing (dyspepsia)
- Anemia caused by persistent internal bleeding
- Vomiting blood or passing dark or tar like stools
- Stomach ulcers or peptic ulcers
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Coeliac disease
- Barrett’s esophagus
- Portal hypertension
- Stomach cancer and esophageal cancer
- Stop stomach or esophageal bleeding caused by stomach ulcers or enlarged veins
- Widen a narrowed esophagus that’s causing pain or swallowing difficulty
- Remove malignant tumors, polyps or foreign objects
- Provide nutrients by way of a feeding tube
- Adverse effects from sedation
- Perforation (tearing)
Robotic Heart surgery – What is it? Medical science and technology has gone so much advanced that it has even changed the way certain cardiac surgeries were performed. Robotic assisted surgery is a fresh and quite successful concept in this regard. Robotic Heart surgery is a closed-chest cardiac surgery that involves minimal invasion into the heart and is performed by an expert cardiac surgeon.Traditionally, the heart surgery procedure involves dividing the breastplate with a saw, known as sternotomy, that was not only complex but the success rate and precision was low in comparison with the robotic-assisted surgery. But here in robotic heart surgery, surgeon uses specially designed robotic tools to control the instruments required in the surgical procedure on thin robotic arms. A robotically controlled three-dimensional camera is also used during the procedure to provide highest degree of precision while making a small incision which may not be possible, otherwise. What are the types of Robotic Heart surgery? Your Cardiologist may suggest you to undergo any one of the following types of Robotic Heart surgeries:Read more
- ● Ablation of atrial fibrillation
- ● Atrial septal defect (ASD) repair
- ● Combined mitral and tricuspid valve surgery
- ● Lead placement
- ● Mitral valve repair and replacement surgery
- ● Patent foramen ovale (PFO) repair
- ● Removal of cardiac tumors
- ● Tricuspid valve repair and replacement surgery
- ● One of the obvious reasons is smaller incisions and minimal scarring
- ● Lesser pain and less trauma to patients
- ● Shorter stay at hospital, usually for 3-4 days
- ● Reduced pain medications
- ● Lesser blood loss in bleeding
- ● Reduced risk of infection
- ● Shorter recovery
- ● Quicker return to routine and professional activities. The patient can start back normal activities as soon as he or she feels comfortable
- ● No specific activity restrictions post robotic heart surgery
Who can undergo a robotically assisted heart surgery?Not all the heart conditions require this kind of surgery.A Cardiologist will recommend the type of treatment based on several factors, including the type and complexity of heart disease, medical history, age of the patient and lifestyle. In more complicated cases Cardiologist straightaway to perform open heart surgeries. However, to determine whether a patient can be appropriately treated with robotic heart surgery, surgeons may recommend some diagnostic tests including chest x-ray and cardiac catheterization. An Echocardiogram or computed tomography may also be performed to get more insight into the patient’s medical condition. Once, the test results are discovered, the surgeon reviews the results of these tests to confirm that a person can undergo robotically-assisted surgery.
Are there risks involved with the surgery?As we all know that certain degree of risk is there with every surgery, same is the case here also. Though the success rate of robotic heart surgeries is good but no one can guarantee cent percent success. Additionally, the surgical risks vary from patient to patient that depend upon the age of the patient, the number of procedures the patient undergoes during a single operation, presence of any other medical conditions or medical history and so on. Your Cardiologist will discuss your personal and potential risks prior to the surgery. Recovery post-Robotic Heart surgery Unlike the traditional heart surgery, a patient recovers faster after robotic heart surgery, given - he sticks to the advice given by the doctor. Patients need to follow the instructions given by the doctor such as how to take care of the incision and health after surgery and so on. Most patients even resume their routine activities like driving, going to the workplace and alike, in a few days. Lifestyle plays a very vital role in recovery, so it is recommended to follow A healthy lifestyle and taking medications as prescribed by the doctor. Healthy lifestyle includes:
- ● Eating a diet that is healthy for heart
- ● Exercising on a regular basis
- ● Regular follow up with the doctor
- ● Maintaining a healthy weight
- ● Maintaining blood pressure and sugar levels
- ● Active participation in cardiac rehabilitation program, as recommended
- ● Quitting smoking and alcohol
- ● Maintaining normal cholesterol level
The 12th of October is marked as the World Arthritis Day, and this year’s theme is quite interesting. The theme for this year’s World Arthritis Day is “It's in your hands, take action.” This kind of theme might come as a surprise to some as the conditions of arthritis are quite painful and we feel that there’s little in our hands. Though not having a dark sense of humor, there is good sense in this theme. Let us explore what’s actually in our hands and what has science got to offer in terms of the latest treatments for arthritis. First of all, we all have a vague and general idea as to what arthritis means. Most of us know it as the inflammation of the joints, but arthritis is a term used for more than 100 joint diseases. Arthritis is so old that it might as well be one of the oldest diseases known to mankind. In our contemporary times, the burden of arthritis has increased so much so that it has not spared young children and has manifested its ugly head in the form of juvenile arthritis. While the World Arthritis Day (WAD) has launched a campaign to make aware the worries of arthritis patients in the form of #WADStory, most of the treatment options for arthritis remain elusive to the knowledge of the populace. In fact, people know so little about arthritis that they even resort to alternative forms of medicine that yields little result and takes a toll on the general health of the patient by pumping in steroids and other harmful substances. To begin with, let us know about the etiology of arthritis. Basically, it can affect multiple joints of the body and make mobility a premium. The onset of arthritis can be over a period of time or sudden. It has no distinction of age, or gender. It occurs when the cartilage (the connecting tissue between the joints) wears off. Normal wear and tear, infection, family history, autoimmune disorders, and a variety of causes affect the synovium in the joints and progresses to damage the joints totally. Though scientists have identified certain genetic markers that cause autoimmune form of arthritis called Rheumatoid Arthritis, the exact causes are still unknown. Symptoms: They range from stiffness of the joints (especially early in the morning), swelling of the joints, redness of the skin, decreased range of motion, and in severe cases of arthritis, deformity of the joints. Diagnosis: It can be performed by physical examination, X-ray, MRI, CT-scan, and a blood test called rheumatoid factor. The main goal of treatment till now has been to alleviate the patient from the symptoms, and prevent further damage of the joints. Treatment: Treatment is done by either surgery or medication. Surgery involves joint replacement surgery, or joint fusion. Medication involves: Analgesics for pain management. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for reducing inflammation. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs for autoimmune diseases. Nutritional supplements like Glucosamine Chondroitin Sulfate to prevent degeneration of cartilage. Now, let’s move onto the theme of this year’s World Arthritis Day. The theme goes with the slogan “It's in your hands, take action.” Though this slogan does not mean that the individual has the wherewithal to get his/her arthritis cured, it does present an opportunity for people to share personal stories and gain inspiration to live with perennial musculoskeletal diseases. This is more of an emotional and psychological succor. Let us look at the scientific and technological side of the story to know what’s rocking! Nanotechnology has been sweeping the world with its numerous possibilities including the world of good it promises to do to the medical world. From treating cancers to better diagnosis to better administration of medication, nanotechnology is about to revolutionize many treatments including that for arthritis. Nanotechnology offers newer ways to identify osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis earlier, and provide aggressive treatment that starts acting right at the molecular level. The efficacy of nanotechnology is so high that it can deliver medication to the exact joint and can reduce the side effects of the medication significantly. Due to the presence of no effective cure, treatment is mainly restricted to painkillers and steroids. Even the diagnostics available to detect arthritis early on have not evolved. In this context, nanotechnology offers superb imaging techniques that can visualize the insides of joints, cartilage, and synovium using In vivo molecular imaging. These techniques can help diagnose normal vs. abnormal tissues in a more accurate manner. In case of therapies for arthritis, the drug delivery is much more accurate and medication reaches the tissues much more quickly. This implies that there is no need for heavy medication, and no healthy tissue is touched. Folate based nano bio-devices have proved to be effective for diagnosis therapy and treating inflammatory diseases. The greatness of this technology is that nano particles have unique properties and they can either be designed or synthesized for specific treatments. The future holds a lot of promise and nanotechnology can one day put an end to the suffering of a lot of patients with many diseases including arthritis. If you need additional guidance from professionals, you can get in touch with an expert at Apollo Hospitals to learn more how you can effectively quit the habit now.Read more
A very common saying for when you are proud of someone is to say that your heart swells with pride. Then again, the truth of the matter is that if your heart were to swell, it would be called a Cardiomegaly, or an enlarged heart. Now, you must be wondering what the problem is having a big heart? The answer is: Having an enlarged heart can result in heart failure because of its inability to pump blood effectively throughout the body. However, experts at Apollo Hospitals Department of Cardiology state that an enlarged heart is not a disease, but rather a symptom of an underlying condition. Read more...Read more