It is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses caused by virus, bacteria, fungus, allergy or even an autoimmune reaction. Doctors also call it rhinosinusitis. Sinuses are the connected system of hollow air spaces in the front bones of the face. The largest are an inch across and others are much smaller.
There are four pairs of sinuses:
- Maxillary sinuses, the largest are in the cheek bone area.
- Frontal sinuses are located in the lower part of the forehead.
- Ethmoid sinuses are located between the eyes.
- Sphenoid sinuses are in bones behind the nose.
BronchitisIt is a condition where the lining of the bronchial tubes - airways between the nose and the lungs become inflamed or infected. This results in heavy mucus or phlegm forming in the airways leading to reduced ability to breathe air or oxygen and causing coughing spells accompanied by phlegm or breathlessness.
It is caused by virus, bacteria and other particles that irritate the bronchial tubes. Common symptoms include low grade fever, shortness of breath, wheezing and tightness in the chest.There are two types of bronchitis: Acute Bronchitis The same virus that causes colds and the flu causes acute bronchitis. The virus spreads through air when infected people cough or through physical contact. It is also caused by exposure to tobacco smoke, air pollution, dust, vapors, and fumes or to a lesser extent by bacteria. In most cases, acute bronchitis gets better within days though the cough can last weeks after the infection is gone. Treatments include fluids and rest. Acetaminophen is prescribed to treat fever. A humidifier or steam helps to melt the built in phlegm. Inhaled medicine may be required to open up the airways to ease wheezing. In the case of a bacterial infection, antibiotics will help. Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). It is a recurrent long term condition. The inflamed bronchial tubes produce lot of mucus, causing extreme coughing and breathing difficulties. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of chronic bronchitis though, inhaling dust, fumes and other pollutants like pollen over a long period of time may also lead to it. There is no treatment for chronic bronchitis; however, treatment can help with your symptoms. It often includes medicines to open airways and clear mucus. Oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation may help manage the condition. If you have constant cough, please consult pulmonologists at Apollo Hospitals today. Here are some measures you can take to keep away from sinusitis or bronchitis this winter:
- Maintain basic hygiene by washing hands frequently with soap and warm water. Vacuum clean the rooms and upholstery in the house and keep the windows closed from 5AM to 10 AM as that is when the pollen count in the air is highest.
- Get flu and allergy shots on time.
- Live a balanced life. Eat a healthy diet and drink plenty of water. Exercise daily and get adequate rest.
- Quit smoking.
- Use humidifier or inhale steam. If you use a humidification machine, don’t forget to clean it, regularly.
- Avoid lung irritants such as air pollution, dust, fumes, pets and plants.