- --Turn towards a low calorie yet heavy diet for breakfast; a fresh juice would rejuvenate you.
- --Take a walk towards your office, it would be a good exercise and would keep your heart rate optimum.
- --Instead of coffee, hear music to release stress; it's safe and healthy too.
- --Have a light healthy dinner. The night is the time when your body rests, so it's better that you should give your digestive system some rest too.
- --Late night parties could be fun, but surely not good for health. Proper rest is required for proper functioning of your heart.
“Time is Life” in Sudden Cardiac ArrestTime-to-treatment is very crucial in determining the chances of survival of an SCA patient. In most of the cases, the patient goes not receive life-saving defibrillation within the time which initially leads to brain death and then gradually to permanent death. The patient should receive treatment within first 4 to 6 minutes to survive. What Can You Do in a SCA Emergency?
- Identify the symptoms and act quickly. The emergency arises without any warning making the victim unconscious, unresponsive, collapsing, and not breathing properly.
- Call the emergency number immediately.
- Don’t waste a single minute. Start doing CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) as soon as possible. Conduct CPR with your hands compressing the chest of the patient in the middle. Do it hard and fast approximately 100 times in a minute. It can prove to be a lifesaver.
- Try to carry the patient immediately to a hospital while continuing the hand CPR.
- Try to help with Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs). This automated device can be used by non-medical people as well to save the life of a victim. These devices are installed in public places, airports, corporate houses, shopping malls, stadiums, gyms, hotels, schools, and other organizations.
- Embrace a healthy lifestyle: Maintain proper body weight, do physical activity, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking.
- Manage and monitor your health condition: If you had a heart attack or if you are suffering from conditions like diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, you need to be watchful and get yourself treated as soon as possible.
- Family history: Go for regular checkups if you have a family history of coronary heart disease.
It is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses caused by virus, bacteria, fungus, allergy or even an autoimmune reaction. Doctors also call it rhinosinusitis. Sinuses are the connected system of hollow air spaces in the front bones of the face. The largest are an inch across and others are much smaller.
There are four pairs of sinuses:
- Maxillary sinuses, the largest are in the cheek bone area.
- Frontal sinuses are located in the lower part of the forehead.
- Ethmoid sinuses are located between the eyes.
- Sphenoid sinuses are in bones behind the nose.
BronchitisIt is a condition where the lining of the bronchial tubes - airways between the nose and the lungs become inflamed or infected. This results in heavy mucus or phlegm forming in the airways leading to reduced ability to breathe air or oxygen and causing coughing spells accompanied by phlegm or breathlessness.
It is caused by virus, bacteria and other particles that irritate the bronchial tubes. Common symptoms include low grade fever, shortness of breath, wheezing and tightness in the chest.There are two types of bronchitis: Acute Bronchitis The same virus that causes colds and the flu causes acute bronchitis. The virus spreads through air when infected people cough or through physical contact. It is also caused by exposure to tobacco smoke, air pollution, dust, vapors, and fumes or to a lesser extent by bacteria. In most cases, acute bronchitis gets better within days though the cough can last weeks after the infection is gone. Treatments include fluids and rest. Acetaminophen is prescribed to treat fever. A humidifier or steam helps to melt the built in phlegm. Inhaled medicine may be required to open up the airways to ease wheezing. In the case of a bacterial infection, antibiotics will help. Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). It is a recurrent long term condition. The inflamed bronchial tubes produce lot of mucus, causing extreme coughing and breathing difficulties. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of chronic bronchitis though, inhaling dust, fumes and other pollutants like pollen over a long period of time may also lead to it. There is no treatment for chronic bronchitis; however, treatment can help with your symptoms. It often includes medicines to open airways and clear mucus. Oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation may help manage the condition. If you have constant cough, please consult pulmonologists at Apollo Hospitals today. Here are some measures you can take to keep away from sinusitis or bronchitis this winter:
- Maintain basic hygiene by washing hands frequently with soap and warm water. Vacuum clean the rooms and upholstery in the house and keep the windows closed from 5AM to 10 AM as that is when the pollen count in the air is highest.
- Get flu and allergy shots on time.
- Live a balanced life. Eat a healthy diet and drink plenty of water. Exercise daily and get adequate rest.
- Quit smoking.
- Use humidifier or inhale steam. If you use a humidification machine, don’t forget to clean it, regularly.
- Avoid lung irritants such as air pollution, dust, fumes, pets and plants.
- Abdominal pain
- Pain or difficulty when swallowing (dyspepsia)
- Anemia caused by persistent internal bleeding
- Vomiting blood or passing dark or tar like stools
- Stomach ulcers or peptic ulcers
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Coeliac disease
- Barrett’s esophagus
- Portal hypertension
- Stomach cancer and esophageal cancer
- Stop stomach or esophageal bleeding caused by stomach ulcers or enlarged veins
- Widen a narrowed esophagus that’s causing pain or swallowing difficulty
- Remove malignant tumors, polyps or foreign objects
- Provide nutrients by way of a feeding tube
- Adverse effects from sedation
- Perforation (tearing)
- ● Ablation of atrial fibrillation
- ● Atrial septal defect (ASD) repair
- ● Combined mitral and tricuspid valve surgery
- ● Lead placement
- ● Mitral valve repair and replacement surgery
- ● Patent foramen ovale (PFO) repair
- ● Removal of cardiac tumors
- ● Tricuspid valve repair and replacement surgery
- ● One of the obvious reasons is smaller incisions and minimal scarring
- ● Lesser pain and less trauma to patients
- ● Shorter stay at hospital, usually for 3-4 days
- ● Reduced pain medications
- ● Lesser blood loss in bleeding
- ● Reduced risk of infection
- ● Shorter recovery
- ● Quicker return to routine and professional activities. The patient can start back normal activities as soon as he or she feels comfortable
- ● No specific activity restrictions post robotic heart surgery
Who can undergo a robotically assisted heart surgery?Not all the heart conditions require this kind of surgery.A Cardiologist will recommend the type of treatment based on several factors, including the type and complexity of heart disease, medical history, age of the patient and lifestyle. In more complicated cases Cardiologist straightaway to perform open heart surgeries. However, to determine whether a patient can be appropriately treated with robotic heart surgery, surgeons may recommend some diagnostic tests including chest x-ray and cardiac catheterization. An Echocardiogram or computed tomography may also be performed to get more insight into the patient’s medical condition. Once, the test results are discovered, the surgeon reviews the results of these tests to confirm that a person can undergo robotically-assisted surgery.
Are there risks involved with the surgery?As we all know that certain degree of risk is there with every surgery, same is the case here also. Though the success rate of robotic heart surgeries is good but no one can guarantee cent percent success. Additionally, the surgical risks vary from patient to patient that depend upon the age of the patient, the number of procedures the patient undergoes during a single operation, presence of any other medical conditions or medical history and so on. Your Cardiologist will discuss your personal and potential risks prior to the surgery. Recovery post-Robotic Heart surgery Unlike the traditional heart surgery, a patient recovers faster after robotic heart surgery, given - he sticks to the advice given by the doctor. Patients need to follow the instructions given by the doctor such as how to take care of the incision and health after surgery and so on. Most patients even resume their routine activities like driving, going to the workplace and alike, in a few days. Lifestyle plays a very vital role in recovery, so it is recommended to follow A healthy lifestyle and taking medications as prescribed by the doctor. Healthy lifestyle includes:
- ● Eating a diet that is healthy for heart
- ● Exercising on a regular basis
- ● Regular follow up with the doctor
- ● Maintaining a healthy weight
- ● Maintaining blood pressure and sugar levels
- ● Active participation in cardiac rehabilitation program, as recommended
- ● Quitting smoking and alcohol
- ● Maintaining normal cholesterol level
- To increase the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines naturally by body mechanism in the presence of sunlight.
- To suppress the calcification of vascular system. It means a healthy heart muscle is possible with the help of vitamin D.
- To inhibit the growth of vascular smooth muscle growth and hence adds flexibility and elasticity to the cardiac muscles.
What’s the difference between a heart attack and a stroke?When we refer to a condition called heart attack, we refer to a condition where the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked. The heart muscle dies out without oxygenated blood. This is, in most cases, a result of a clot in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. When the heart muscle starves for oxygenated blood, it causes the symptoms of a heart attack. A stroke refers to a condition where the artery that supplies blood to the brain is clogged by a clot and a section of the brain, when deprived of oxygenated blood dies off. Symptoms of a heart attack and a stroke vary and most times, a stroke affects only one side of the body. The term stroke is often misunderstood to be a synonym of heart attack, which is not the case.
Types Of Stroke:There are different types of a stroke and the symptoms of a stroke are not so apparent that one rushes to the ER as fast as one does in the case of a heart attack. There are:
- • Ischemic Strokes
- • Hemorrhagic Strokes
- • Transient Ischemic Attacks
Stroke Symptoms & Warning Signs:
- • Trouble Speaking, Confusion.
- • Trouble Understanding.
- • Headache (one sided)
- • Altered Conscious.
- • Vomiting.
- • Numbness of the face, or extremities.
- • Trouble with vision.
- • Lack of coordination and dizziness.
- • Keeping blood pressure under control.
- • Getting periodical checkups.
- • Managing diabetes.
- • Controlling Sleep Apnea.
- • Healthy diet.
- • Moderate and regular exercise.
- • Quitting smoking and alcohol.
- • Eat more whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes and lean meats.
- • Regulating cholesterol levels.
- • Reducing salt intake.
- • Maintaining healthy BMI.
- • Risk of cardiovascular diseases.
- • Impaired glucose tolerance.
- • Risk of diabetes.
- • Risk of hypertension.
- • Increased triglycerides.
- • Risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Childhood ObesityKids getting hooked onto video games, laptops, and mobile phones might seem a contemporary reality for most of us. However, the dangerous nature of this trend is little understood by many of us. It might seem an easier solution for parents to divert a child with a mobile phone when he/she is crying, but look at the consequences of this. It has been found out in a survey conducted by the WHO that 40 million children under five years are overweight and 30 million among them are from developed nations. Is it okay to keep children indoors just for ease of managing? Let’s find out. Childhood Obesity has now become one of the most serious health concerns of this century and is increasingly affecting the developing nations. Most of the childhood obesity cases are seen in the urban areas. The seriousness of this condition is in the future complications it creates. In the long term, childhood obesity can lead to some serious illnesses like:
- • Elevated Cholesterol leading to many heart ailments.
- • High Blood Pressure.
- • Type 2 Diabetes.
- • Arthritis.
- • Respiratory Problems.
- • Lifestyle choices with limited range of activities.
- • Diet: Choosing unhealthy options.
- • Environment: What you stack up in your refrigerator is what your child would gobble.
- • Using food as a coping mechanism for psychological inadequacies.
- • Certain Medical conditions like Prader-Willi syndrome, and hypothyroidism.
- • Unhealthy sleep patterns.
How to stop childhood obesity:
- • Increase breastfeeding in early childhood. This not only reduces the appetite of children, it also prompts them to eat only as much as they need.
- • Provide healthy diet with meals, snacks, and physical activity.
- •It’s not good to isolate them since they are obese. Take measures for spending quality time with them.
- • Provide vegetables, whole grains, fruits, lentils, nuts and lean meats.
- • Restrict the use of aerated drinks, ice creams, and other junk food to a minimum.
- • Make the favorite dishes healthier using smart recipes that don’t use trans fats,sodium, sugar or red meats.
- • Indulge in poultry, fish, and other protein that’s cooked and not fried.
- • It is often an issue for parents to figure out the exact serving sizes for children.The recommended serving size for children would be 2 to 3 servings of fruit, 2 to 3 servings of vegetables, 6 to 11 servings of grain, 2 servings of meat and dairy respectively. However, the portion size varies with the age and the calorie needs of children.
- • Maintain food timings. This pays as the metabolic rate of the child gets tuned to the time.
- • Reduce sedentary life and get more physical activity. Allow them to play and run around for it’s this that keeps them vital and healthy.
Treatment options of obesity include:Changes in diet. Regular exercise. Weight loss surgery like Laparoscopic Gastric Band Surgery, Gastric Bypass, Bariatric Surgery…. Bariatric surgery has proved to be one of the successful options for weight loss with high efficacy. If you want to know about your suitability for a bariatric surgery, consult our doctors now. In the case of children who are either overweight or obese, it’s time to do some serious thinking. Childhood obesity can be nipped in the bud if you as parents are determined. Finally, your children are not crying for your mobile phones or laptops! Look in deeply; they might be asking for your attention and time.