People often consider diabetes as a silent and painless condition. But, there are millions of people who experience diabetes-induced tingling toes or painful feet, this condition, diabetic neuropathy is a nerve disorder caused by diabetes and ranges from merely aggravating or even life-threatening disability.
High blood sugar, the hallmark of diabetes, tends to injure nerves and blood vessels of the body. The nerves to be affected first are the smallest ones in the spinal cord which further stretches to the toes and feet. People with diabetic neuropathies have no symptoms, while some have symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness and loss of sensation in the hands, arms, feet, and legs. Diabetic neuropathy causes a constant burning feeling in the feet; sharp pain that gets worse at night; and extreme sensitivity to touch that feels unbearable. It can be sneaky, and can completely robs one’s ability to sense pain. Neuropathies also develop in organ systems such as digestive tract, heart and sex organs.
When a blister, cut, or sore can go unnoticed in people suffering from diabetes, it may raise the propensity for infections. Infections and gangrene of the lower limbs is common in uncontrolled diabetes causing the sensory nerves in the feet get damaged, this may necessitate an amputation in case of severity.
Did you know?
Nearly, 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have some or other form of neuropathy.
How to prevent diabetes neuropathies?
There isn’t a cure for diabetic neuropathy. But, can prevent it through ways that include:
● Control blood sugar: The most crucial thing to stave off the onset of diabetic neuropathy is to keep your blood sugar as close as possible to normal. This also helps to keep foot problems in check.
● Control blood pressure: It is always advisable to keep the blood pressure in the range of normal as high blood pressure damages the blood vessels by interfering with blood circulation to the feet and contributes to nerve and blood vessel damage.
● Quit smoking: Smoking interferes with blood circulation and effects of nerve and blood vessel, resulting in damage.
● Stay active: Exercising improves blood circulation and prevents damages.
● Maintain a healthy weight: For people who are overweight or obese, losing weight improves the body’s ability to control blood sugar, and it also takes some pressure off the feet.
Check your feet:
Though your doctor checks your feet once a year. On the other 364 days, you should take care of your feet through:
- ● Cleaning your feet daily with warm and a mild soap. Avoid soaking the feet. Use a soft towel to dry the feet.
- ● Inspecting your feet every day for cuts, redness, blisters, swelling, calluses, or other problems. Use a mirror to check the bottoms of the feet.
- ● Use lotion to moisturize your feet. Don’t leave the lotion between the toes.
- ● Filing the corns and calluses gently with a pumice stone after a shower.
- ● Cutting toenails and file the edges.
- ● Always wear shoes or slippers to protect feet from injuries. Also, wear thick, soft, seamless socks can prevent skin irritation.
- ● Wearing shoes that fit well and allow the toes to move.
- ● Checking your shoes to make sure that the shoes are free of tears, sharp edges, or objects that might injure the feet.
For further assistance and support you have Apollo Hospitals with you. Apollo Hospitals constitutes of the best team of Endocrinologists and Diabetologists for Diabetes, providing comprehensive Diabetes management tips & treatment options to thousands of diabetics and helping them live healthily.
To consult our best Endocrinologist and Diabetologist, log on to www.askapollo.com