Low blood pressure- Too low is something more than a number

 

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Managing life with Low Blood Pressure

The human body is truly an incredible creation, with an intricate balance of systems that functions in a marvellous synchrony for a healthy body. And if this intricate balance is disturbed, let’s say if someone’s blood pressure is too low then it is indeed a negative sign towards health.

When we refer to blood pressure, it is denoted by two figures for example 120 on 80. The top number denotes your systolic reading which relates to the blood pressure during heart contraction, and the bottom value denotes the diastolic reading which refers to filling the heart with blood between muscle contractions.

The optimal blood pressure level of a healthy person is 120/80 mmHg, and this reading depends on various factors such as age, height and weight. A blood pressure reading less than 90/60 mmHg is considered as low blood pressure or Hypotension.

If your blood pressure gets critically low, there is a significant danger that your body will not receive sufficient oxygen to carry out its normal functions. Decreased oxygen can result in impaired functioning of the heart and brain and cause trouble in breathing. People with low blood pressure can lose consciousness or go into shock. In few cases, low blood pressure can also be life-threatening.

Causes of Low Blood Pressure:

The causes of low blood pressure can be due to dehydration or any severe medical or surgical issues. But, it’s necessary to find out the underlying causes for low blood pressure, to get appropriate treatment.

Certain medical conditions that can lead to low blood pressure are:

  • ● Pregnancy
  • ● Heart problems such as extremely low heart rate (bradycardia), heart valve problems, ● heart attack and heart failure.
  • ● Endocrine problems such as parathyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease), low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and, in few cases, diabetes can also trigger low blood pressure.
  • ● Dehydration
  • ● Loss of blood during any major injury or internal bleeding
  • ● Severe infection (septicemia)
  • ● Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
  • ● Lack of nutrients in your diet

Certain medications can cause low blood pressure, which includes:

  • ● Water pills (diuretics)
  • ● Alpha blockers
  • ● Beta blockers
  • ● Drugs for Parkinson’s disease
  • ● Certain types of antidepressants
  • ● Drugs for erectile dysfunction

Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure:

In many cases, low blood pressure signals an underlying problem, especially when it drops all of a sudden or is accompanied by signs and symptoms such as:

    • ● Dizziness or lightheadedness
    • ● Blurred vision
    • ● Fainting (syncope)
    • ● Nausea
    • ● Lack of concentration
    • ● Fatigue

Extreme hypotension can result in this life-threatening ailment called as a shock. The signs and symptoms include:

  • ● Confusion, especially in older people
  • ● Cold, clammy, pale skin
  • ● Rapid, shallow breathing
  • ● Weak and rapid pulse

Diagnosis:

The main aim of testing for low blood pressure is to find the underlying cause. The diagnosis test carried out to detect low blood pressure include:

  • ● Blood test
  • ● Echocardiogram
  • ● Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • ● Stress test

How to keep blood pressure in check?

There is an old saying, “if you want to cut a huge tree, weaken its root.” Same goes here, treat the underlying problems to treat low blood pressure. Follow these simple measures to raise your blood pressure and reduce signs and symptoms:

  • ● Take adequate amount of salt
  • ● Increase the fluid intake
  • ● Wear compression stockings

Read more: Tips to control blood pressure

If you or your beloved ones are experiencing low blood pressure then immediately address the issue as it may lead to life threatening issues too. Consult a doctor at the earliest. To book an appointment log on to www.askapollo.com

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