What causes acne breakouts and how to treat it?

 

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Beauty is skin deep, don’t you agree? We have all faced challenges to possess that beautiful skin. It’s no surprise that 90% of the population has one or the other skin issue. Acne or acne vulgaris, which mainly occurs during adolescence is the most common skin disease. At times it follows midlife where 20% of women develops mild acne. Acne may also occur in newborn babies. Acne at times becomes a long-term skin malady. The projection of acne usually brings anxiety, depression, and reduced self-esteem. People with acne don’t feel snug at any value and strive hard to get rid of it by any means. In this blog, we will discuss some types, causes and treatments of acne.

What are the types of acne?

Acne may take any of the following forms:

● Blackheads – They are clearly visible, black spots that appear on the skin, usually the area that retails oil.

● Cysts – They are filled with pus and extremely painful, they may go after some days but can leave scars on your skin.

● Nobules – These are bigger pimples and are very painful.

● Papules – These are small pink bumps which are clearly visible.

● Pustules – These are red at the base with pus at the top.

● Whiteheads – these are small and not clearly visible as they are found under the skin.

What causes acne?

Though there is no certain reason for acne still there are some common conditions that are associated with this problem.

● Puberty

● Oil production

● Dead skin cells

● Clogged pores

● Bacteria

● Dirt

● Climatic changes

● Few medications

Hormonal changes

Diagnosis:

To diagnose an acne, a dermatologist will initially examine your skin to make sure if you have an acne. As many other skin conditions resemble acne. If you have acne, the dermatologist will grade the acne. Grade 1 acne is mild. Grade 4 are the severe ones.

How to treat an acne?

Waiting for the acne to clear on its own can be frustrating. Currently, there are various effective acne treatments, and every acne treatment is different, and the choice of therapy depends on whether the acne is mild, moderate, or severe.

The treatment for mild acne includes a use of products that comprises of benzoyl peroxide, or salicylic acid which can often clear the skin.

In case you have severe acne, you need to consult a dermatologist for better evaluation. A Dermatologists offers the following types of treatment:

  1. Topical treatment that involves killing the bacteria while others work on reducing the oil.
  2. In severe conditions where you have red, swollen type of acne, the treatment could include the use of:
  • ● Antibiotics
  • ● Isotretinoin

Other medical procedures to treat acne:

● Your dermatologist may treat the acne with a few standard procedure like

● Lasers and light therapies

● Chemical peels

● Comedone extraction

● Dermabrasion

● Punch grafting

● Intralesional injection

● Collagen injection

 

Recovery period:

Despite many claims, an acne treatment does not work overnight. Usually, the treatment requires 4-8 weeks to see improvement in the appearance, after starting therapy.

Few Do’s and Dont’s:

  • ● Gentle washing of affected areas once or twice daily
  • ● Avoiding abrasive cleansers
  • ● Shampooing often and wearing hair off the face
  • ● Eat well-balanced diet and avoiding foods that trigger flare-ups
  • ● Abstain picking or squeezing blemishes
  • ● Reduce stress

“Prevention is better than cure.” Hence, follow a healthy lifestyle to prevent the stigma of an inferiority complex due to acne. And if it does occur in spite of all discipline, do visit a dermatologist at the first instance. Be healthy feel beautiful!
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