Back pain is the most daunting condition for the majority of the population across the world. Almost everyone becomes the victim of back muscle spinal cord pain at some stage of their life.
If you are one suffering from back pain and spinal cord problem, then this article is for you!
What is a back pain?
Back pain can be experienced constantly or sporadically. The pain may be dull, piercing, sharp or even felt with burning sensation. Besides, the pain can be in one place or it may radiate to other regions such as legs, sides, front and even entire back.
The back pain can be categorized into acute and chronic. The acute pain will be sudden, severe, and lasts for a short period. Whereas, chronic pain lasts long and requires doctor’s consultation and medication.
It is not only the pain that a person may experience with back muscle and spinal problem, but there are also other symptoms associated with this and they include;
- ● Stiffness
- ● Muscle spasms
- ● Decreased motion
- ● Shifted posture
- ● Numbness in groin
- ● Muscle weakness and much more
Acute pain is most commonly experienced by the majority of the population. Although it lasts only for a short time, when you tend to experience for a long time, it is important to give medical attention and thus consult your doctor soon.
Some of the other problems associated with back muscle pain and spinal surgery are;
- ● Infection in spine
- ● Spinal fracture due to injury
- ● Spinal stenosis
- ● Tumor in spine
- ● Loss of control of bladder/bowel
- ● Weakness or loss of feeling in back or legs, which may get worse over the time
Can Back Muscle Injury get serious?
Any muscle strain can result in inflammation and severe pain in the back. This injury may lead to muscle spasms causing an uncomfortable condition to the patient to make any movements,
Is surgery required for back muscle injuries?
The fact is, in most of the cases, surgery is not required for a back muscle injury unless muscle fibers are torn and severely damaged.
Muscle strain in back and neck in most cases can be easily addressed through a combination of medications such as muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs, heat therapy, cold compress, massage therapy and others. However, stretch and core exercise will be recommended for the patients to strengthen their back and neck muscles that are injured.
During the diagnosis after the above-said medications, the doctor may determine if the patient certainly needs a surgery or not.
Conditions Treated in Spinal Surgery
Here are some of the notable conditions associated with back muscle pain for spinal surgery;
Sciatica: This condition is associated with leg pain due to bony stenosis or disc prolapsed from lumbar spine, which results in pressure in sciatic nerve.
Myelopathy: This is twitching and stiffness of arms and legs due to the pressure on spinal cord at a thoracic or cervical region. This can be due to canal stenosis, disc prolapses or tumour compression.
Claudication: This is bilateral or unilateral leg pain due to standing or walking even a short distance that is associated with numbness, burning sensation or paraesthesia in feet. The patient may experience pressure on cauda-equina, spinal nerves from the central canal stenosis in the lumbar spine.
Radiculopathy: This is the nerve pain caused due to pressure in spine and neck.
Some of the other surgery choices may include;
- ● Spinal fusion
- ● Discectomy
- ● Surgery for tumour and infection
- ● Laminectomy for spinal stenosis
- ● Kyphoplasty
- ● Vertebroplasty
- ● Percutaneous discectomy
Most of the back or spinal surgeries are done to majorly treat nerve pain from the herniated discs. On detecting the right spinal surgery choice for the patient, the surgeon will carefully work to repair damaged muscle tissues. However, the recovery may depend on the extent of which the muscle is damaged. The surgeon may also advise patient about possible future muscle injuries and gives some exercise tips to prevent them to prevent.