Robotic Heart Surgery : Guide For Patients



Robotic Heart surgery – What is it?

Medical science and technology has gone so much advanced that it has even changed the way certain cardiac surgeries were performed.

Robotic assisted surgery is a fresh and quite successful concept in this regard. Robotic Heart surgery is a closed-chest cardiac surgery that involves minimal invasion into the heart and is performed by an expert
cardiac surgeon.
Traditionally, the heart surgery procedure involves dividing the breastplate with a saw, known as sternotomy, that was not only complex but the success rate and precision was low in comparison with the robotic-assisted surgery. But here in robotic heart surgery, surgeon uses specially designed robotic tools to control the instruments required in the surgical procedure on thin robotic arms. A robotically controlled three-dimensional camera is also used during the procedure to provide highest degree of precision while making a small incision which may not be possible, otherwise.

What are the types of Robotic Heart surgery?

Your Cardiologist may suggest  you to undergo any one of the following types of Robotic Heart surgeries:

      ● Ablation of atrial fibrillation
      ● Atrial septal defect (ASD) repair
      ● Combined mitral and tricuspid valve surgery
      ● Lead placement
      ● Mitral valve repair and replacement surgery
      ● Patent foramen ovale (PFO) repair
      ● Removal of cardiac tumors
    ● Tricuspid valve repair and replacement surgery

Why to go for Robotically-assisted Heart Surgery?

There are a number of reasons to go for a robotically-assisted surgery.

Advantages may include:

      ● One of the obvious reasons is smaller incisions and minimal scarring
      ● Lesser pain and less trauma to patients
      ● Shorter stay at hospital, usually for 3-4 days
      ● Reduced pain medications
      ● Lesser blood loss in bleeding
      ● Reduced risk of infection
      ● Shorter recovery
      ● Quicker return to routine and professional activities. The patient can start back normal activities as soon as he or she feels comfortable
    ● No specific activity restrictions post robotic heart surgery

Who can undergo a robotically assisted heart surgery?

Not all the heart conditions require this kind of surgery.A Cardiologist will recommend the type of treatment based on several factors, including the type and complexity of heart disease, medical history, age of the patient and lifestyle. In more complicated cases Cardiologist straightaway to perform open heart surgeries. However, to determine whether a patient can be appropriately treated with robotic heart surgery, surgeons may recommend some diagnostic tests including chest x-ray and cardiac catheterization. An Echocardiogram or computed tomography may also be performed to get more insight into the patient’s medical condition. Once, the test results are discovered, the surgeon reviews the results of these tests to confirm that a person can undergo robotically-assisted surgery.

Are there risks involved with the surgery?

As we all know that certain degree of risk is there with every surgery, same is the case here also. Though the success rate of robotic heart surgeries is good but no one can guarantee cent percent success.  Additionally, the surgical risks vary from patient to patient that depend upon the age of the patient, the number of procedures the patient undergoes during a single operation, presence of any other medical conditions or medical history and so on. Your Cardiologist will discuss your personal and potential risks prior to the surgery.

Recovery post-Robotic Heart surgery

Unlike the traditional heart surgery, a patient recovers faster after robotic heart surgery, given – he sticks to the advice given by the doctor. Patients need to follow the instructions given by the doctor such as how to take care of the incision and health after surgery and so on. Most patients even resume their routine activities like driving, going to the workplace and alike, in a few days.

Lifestyle plays a very vital role in recovery, so it is recommended to follow A healthy lifestyle and taking medications as prescribed by the doctor.

Healthy lifestyle includes:

      ● Eating a diet that is healthy for heart
      ● Exercising on a regular basis
      ● Regular follow up with the doctor
      ● Maintaining a healthy weight
      ● Maintaining blood pressure and sugar levels
      ● Active participation in cardiac rehabilitation program, as recommended
      ● Quitting smoking and alcohol
    ● Maintaining normal cholesterol level

So if you or anyone you know has been recommended a robotic heart surgery, then, after going through the guide you must have gained an insight about the surgery. One cannot run from whatever is destined.



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