Proteins are made of amino acids and they serve as building blocks of living beings. Without any doubt, protein plays an important role as they:
- are responsible for building body tissues
- act as a source of fuel
- are instrumental in maintenance and growth of the body tissues
- help in the formation of blood cells
- are precursors to hormones, co-enzymes, nucleic acid, cellular repair etc.
As important as proteins are, nutritionists believe that they should not be consumed above the recommended limit as going beyond this limit can be very harmful to health. Consuming more than the recommended amount is often common among men who want to either build muscles or lose weight.
Some of the risks involved include:
- Weight Gain
Ironically, protein consumption is expected to burn excess fatty acid in the body, thus losing weight. Overtime, it has been realized that the consumption of high calories for the sake of protein intake increase leads to weight gain which can have an adverse effect on the health. According to a research report, the weight gain is as a result of the replacement of carbohydrate with protein and not fat with protein.
Constipation may be aggravated as protein diets are usually low in fiber.
Protein intake requires a lot of water as water is highly needed by the digestive system to dissolve protein and also to deal with excess waste. You can become dehydrated as a result of not drinking plenty of water after a protein-containing meal.
There seems to be a link between cox-2, a protein, and prostate cancer in men. It is said that having a high level of cox-2 in the body increases the chances of having prostate cancer. Also, eating more meat is said to be a cause of colon cancer, as a result of the carcinogenic materials, fats, and hormones present in meats.
- Kidney malfunction and damage
The kidney is said to malfunction or get damaged when one consumes a lot of protein. This is usually because of the surplus nitrogen present in protein. It takes a lot of hard work for the kidney to get rid of this nitrogen and as a result, the kidney might wear out.
- Heart Disease
Consumption of too much diary products and red meat can cause heart diseases. This is as a result of high cholesterol and fat present in them.
- Loss of Calcium
Too much protein intake can cause the urinary tract to release more calcium from the body. This thus increases the need for calcium in the body. Once you do not replenish the body system with enough calcium, it can lead to osteoporosis. Thus, more protein demands more calcium.
In summary, it is important that you exercise caution regarding the amount of protein you consume. True, protein is good for the body; however, too much can be harmful to your health.