Food Allergies

“Food allergies are the adverse effects that distress the immune system when certain kinds of food are eaten”

Food allergies are the adverse affects that distress the immune system when certain kinds of food are eaten. It usually affects kids more than adults but is more frequently being seen in adults as well. These allergies usually occur because of the protein present in foods that the body identifies as being harmful. When some proteins are not dissolved by the digestive system, the immunity system attacks the protein resulting in an allergic reaction.

Some of the causes of food allergies are usually foods like cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, nuts like walnuts, fish, shellfish, etc. The common offending agents were found to be rice, citrus fruits, black gram and banana. To know more about food allergies and their effect on people, visit Apollo Clinics.

Symptoms
Severe and fatal reactions can occur in people of any age, but the risk is the greatest in adolescents, young adults with asthma and those known to be allergic to peanuts, tree nuts, fruits, milk, wine, vegetables &/ or seafood. The symptoms to look out for include:

  • Itching
  • Rashes
  • Swelling of the lips, face, tongue and throat
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Diarrhoea
  • Runny nose
  • Wheezing
  • Anaphylaxis or a sudden drop in blood pressure

Treatment
There is no way to cure allergies but they can be managed by:

  • Eliminating the allergen completely from the diet
  • Medications like antihistamines after an allergic reaction
  • Epinephrine or adrenaline injections in case of severe allergic reaction

People usually get over their allergies over a period of time but it is advised for people to keep track of foods that cause the allergy so that they can be avoided in the future.

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