No set of parents like to see their children ailing or stuck with poor health. It is hugely stressful for parents. A lot of the stress also comes from parents not knowing why their child is falling ill and their helplessness to do something about it.
Diarrhoea is a common problem in children and is caused by different protozoa, viruses and bacteria. Diarrhoea lasting less than two weeks is acute and infective. If it persists beyond two weeks, it is termed chronic or persistent. When the diarrhoea intensifies, it is called dysentery and the stools are generally tinged with blood and mucus. This condition is considered very severe and can result in colicky pains and frequent purging especially in children.
“Diarrhoea is caused by about a 100 different bacteria, protozoa or viruses.”
Causes Of Acute Diarrhoea
The most common cause of diarrhoea is infection of the gut. Diarrhoea is also be caused by many viruses, germs and bacteria. Viruses can easily spread when an infected individual cooks food for others and also, from one person to another through close contact. Some of the other non-infectious causes are not easily and usually seen in children. Know more about this debilitating ailment from the experts at Apollo Hospitals.
The common symptoms seen in diarrhoea is fever, headaches, respiratory problems and body pains. In diarrhoea, the stool is not bloody or filled with pus but is watery. Diarrhoea is often accompanied by vomiting. Typically, diarrhoea stops in a few days and does not become chronic. The most common cause of worry for those affected with diarrhoea is dehydration as it leads to excessive loss of fluids from the body. It is important to supply the patient with lots of water and fluids to keep them hydrated. And it is recommended to consult a paediatrician if the child vomits, has blood in the stool, complains of stomach pain, urinates frequently, loses weight and has fever.
If the child continues to eat healthy and drink lots of fluids, the constant purging should not be a cause of concern. Nursing mothers should continue breast feeding and give their kids the usual amount of milk, formula and food. An effective way of overcoming diarrhoea is by following Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT). it is quite simple and cheap. This therapy prevents dehydration by supplying sufficient fluids orally. It is always preferable to follow home remedies instead of resorting to medication in the best interest of the child’s health and immunity.