According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every year around 400 million Dengue cases gets reported worldwide and about 2/3rd of these cases are from Asia alone.
India has seen a doubling up of Dengue cases from the year 2014 to 2015, Delhi being the worst hit. With over 36110 dengue cases registered and 70 dengue deaths reported already, the year 2016 doesn’t seem to be doing any better for the country.
As the National capital grapples with heightened dengue cases and the hospitals in the country struggle to offer relief to the large volume of patients, we at Apollo Hospitals have decided to give you detailed information about this dreaded vector borne disease.
Dengue fever is a disease caused by the bite of a day-biting female Aedes mosquito infected with the Dengue virus, a mosquito-borne virus prevalent in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Dengue fever is often termed as ‘Breakbone’ fever due to the severity of the pain one experiences when affected with this disease. It is the fastest spreading vector-borne viral disease in the world today.
The symptoms of Dengue fever usually start showing from the 4th day of contracting the infection and it may last for up to 10 days. Here’s a list of symptoms that you must watch out for:
- Sudden high fever
- Severe headaches
- Pain behind the eyes
- Rashes all over the body
- Joint & muscle pains
- Nausea & vomiting
- Bleeding gums & easy bruising
The symptoms of Dengue fever may vary with age and can easily be mistaken for a common cold or viral infection.
In some rare cases, Dengue fever may take a far more dangerous and life threatening form known as dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. Listed below are few complications caused by this condition:
- Profuse bleeding
- Low platelet count
- Lowing of blood pressure
- Enlargement of liver
There is no specific treatment available for dengue fever. One can only treat the systems with the many supportive care options available. Here are a few dos and don’ts that you must be aware of:
- Relieve the pain, use pain killers with acetaminophen
- Control the fever, Take antipyretic drugs like paracetamol
- Drink plenty of fluids, keep yourself hydrated
- Conserve your energy, take adequate rest
- Don’t take aspirin or ibuprofen, it can worsen the bleeding
- Don’t take antibiotics, it won’t help as dengue is a viral fever
Currently the only way to control or prevent the transmission of dengue virus is to prevent bites by the infected vector mosquitoes as there is no vaccine available to prevent the dengue fever. Here’s a 2 step guide to help you combat the disease better.
Step 1: Preventing mosquito bites that transmit Dengue
- Cover your arms & legs
- Use mosquito repellents
- Install mosquito screens on doors & windows
Step 2: Eliminating mosquito breeding grounds
- Remove all stagnant water
- Dispose garbage regularly
- Discard unwanted containers
Remember, though fatal in some cases, Dengue is curable. If you experience any of the above mentioned symptoms then do seek medical attention immediately. Let our team of skilled doctors, across Apollo hospitals in India, guide you from diagnosis to complete cure. Remember early consultation and diagnosis is the key to treat Dengue fever. So be aware, and stay safe!