‘Fatigue’ and ‘pain’ are elusive terms in medical terminology. An individual’s perception to pain profusely affects the condition. Cultural environment also plays a vital role. For instance, while in some societies fatigue is part and parcel of daily life, in others, fatigue is a matter of concern and requires immediate attention.
Conditions that lead to unremitting fatigue and persist for six months or more are grouped as the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). It is characterized by extreme fatigue that refuses to go away with rest.
Although, there is no particular test to confirm the diagnosis, treatment mainly focuses on symptom relief.
The eight official signs are:
- Sore throat
- Loss of memory
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit or neck, or both
- Pain in joints without redness or swelling
- Muscle pain
- Unrefreshing sleep
Despite the wide demographic spread of the disorder, its acceptance as a real diagnosable disease has been slow. Research till now has been concentrated on whether CFS is real or it has to be re-defined.
However, only recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, of individuals with CFS, reveal that their white matter is less as compared to otherwise normal individuals without CFS. Changes in the quality of white matter in the brain may be the reason behind triggering CFS.
Causes, Risk Group and More
Fatigue can be a sign of psychological disorder or infections. But, persistent fatigue is alarming, and you need to consult a doctor. From viral infections to compromised immune system and hormonal imbalance, anything can lead to the development of CFS. Individuals in their 40’s and 50’s are more prone to risk than others. Depression, isolation and social restrictions can only make the situation worse. Take psychological assistance to manage the condition better.