Stroke. Heart attack. Heart failure. Coronary artery disease. Do these health problems sound familiar to you?
They are collectively a part of what is known as Cardiovascular Diseases. According to World Health Organization, these cardiac ailments are the leading cause of death, globally! These problems primarily affect the blood vessels and heart.
Cardiovascular health issues can be directly linked to the process called Atherosclerosis. It is essentially a condition which develops when plaque builds up in the artery walls. The plaque narrows the affected person’s arteries which in turn obstruct and stop the blood flow.
An established fact is that people suffering from diabetes, hypertension, or hyperlipidemia are more prone to cardiovascular diseases. These patients require early detection and expert supervision in order to be able to manage the ailment.
Know the symptoms
Stroke or a heart attack is one of the early warning signs of cardiovascular diseases. Here are some of the other common symptoms-
- Uneasiness or sudden pain in chest
- Discomfort in the left shoulder, arms, back, or elbows
- Fatigue, shortness of breath, fainting, nausea
- Speech impairment, confusion
- Recurring headache
Identify the Risks
Along with the symptoms, it is also essential to understand the risk factors of these ailments. This will help you in identifying and preventing cardiovascular diseases. Below are the factors you should be aware of –
- Hereditary factors
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy diet
- Excessive tobacco/alcohol consumption
Get well with treatment
- The Pacemaker device is recommended for people suffering from Arrhythmia. Other treatment options include anti-arrhythmic drugs, medical procedures and surgery.
- In the event of heart valve problems, the recommended course of action will be heart valve surgery. It can also be treated with proper medication.
- For a heart-attack, medicines in the form of clot-busters should be given to the patients as soon as possible. However, prescription drugs should be administered by a medical specialist, only. Coronary angioplasty and Coronary artery bypass graft surgery are the other treatment options.
- Stroke medications comprise of clot-busters. These must be provided to patients within three hours from the onset of stroke symptoms. For severe cases, Carotid endarterectomy is also recommended by experts.
An interesting fact is that cardiovascular diseases are more prevalent in men than in women. Cardiovascular health issues can crop up in men from a very early age, as well. Other factors which influence these health problems are work-related stress and unhealthy diet habits.
Once the probability of cardiovascular risk factors are addressed and reduced by early detection and by lifestyle changes , protecting your heart from life threatening problems becomes easy!
Be heart healthy, always!