Simply put, neurological disorders are diseases of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them. These disorders or dysfunctions affect millions of people around the world, and often because of a delay in diagnosis. Some studies say, there are over 600 neurological disorders. But what causes these disorders?

The spinal cord and brain are protected by several membranes. These membranes can be vulnerable to force and pressure. The peripheral nerves located deep under the skin can also be vulnerable to damage.

These disorders can have a number of causes, like:

  • Lifestyle-related causes
  • Infections
  • Genetics
  • Nutrition-related causes
  • Environmental influences
  • Physical injuries

Some symptoms that may indicate neurological problems are:

  • Headaches
  • Blurry vision
  • Fatigue
  • Changes in behavior
  • Numbness in the legs or arms
  • Changes in coordination or balance
  • Weakness
  • Slurred speech
  • Tremors

Neurological disorders often present themselves in the form of emergencies of varying degrees. Listed below are some of them. If you see these signs in yourself or a loved one, immediate admission/consultation is advised.

Stroke
Stroke occurs due to a block in the blood vessel, and can happen at any age, as the main risk factors are hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and smoking. The patient needs to be brought immediately to the hospital. Treatment within the golden hour can save lives and also help complete recovery. [YOU CAN MENTION EARLY SYMPTOMS HERE LIKE FAST]

Fainting
Epilepsy, sudden drop in blood pressure, stroke, poisoning, low sodium in the blood and liver or renal dysfunction are some of the causes of fainting.

Sudden onset severe headache
Such headaches can be due to brain hemorrhage, meningitis and acute migraine. It’s best to not neglect any acute headache, as most of these conditions need specific treatment.

Convulsions/Fits
Seizures may range from simple blank staring to loss of consciousness with spasticity or muscle jerking. Abnormal stiffening, progressing to abnormal rhythmic jerking of the arms and legs, or a person not responsive or alert, all mark a seizure.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome
This is a condition where, following a viral illness, the patient can develop weakness in the limbs and numbness.

Myasthenia Gravis
This can present with double vision, difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing, or general weakness.

Since these conditions can be difficult to diagnose, delays in recognition and treatment often have devastating results. We urge you to not take these signs lightly. Early diagnosis can help the treatment to give a better outcome. Do consult our experienced and skilled neurologists at an Apollo Hospital near you, and start your treatment early.

Sources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2885257/
https://www.mdedge.com/ccjm/article/106010/critical-care/common-neurologic-emergencies-nonneurologists-when-minutes-count
https://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/neurological_disorders/

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