About Us
Let's Talk Health

About Us


Introducing Let's Talk Health, an initiative from Apollo Hospitals, where our endeavor is to share knowledge which you can use to keep yourself and your family fit & healthy.

Let's Talk Health.
Let's Talk Happiness.

Tags

#BeatDiabetes#CareForHer#GiftAnOrgan#KnowHepatitis#SayNoToDiabetes#UniteToEndTB3D printing of organsAbdomenAbdominoplastyAbnormal Utrine BleedingACacidityACL injuriesAcoustic neuroma in childrenActive ChildrenAcute Abdomen and AppendicitisAcute LeukaemiaADHDAIDSAir PollutionAlzheimer's diseaseAnkylosing SpondylitisApollo Breast CentreAppendicitisApricotsArthritisArthritis AwarenessArtificial PancreasAsthmaAthlete's FootAutismBaby AcneBaby Bottle Tooth Decayback painBack problemsBariatric Surgery BenefitsBeautyBeetroot benefitsBirth ControlbladdercancerBlepharoplasty Eyelid RejuvenationBlood PrressurebloodpressureBone & JointBone Marrow TransplantBonesbrainBrain changeBreast CancerBreast cancer myths & factsbreastcancerBreastfeedingBronchitisBypass SurgeryCABGCalcium Rich Dietcaloriescan nanotechnology be the future of orthopedicscancerCancer CareCancer mythsCancer PreventionCancer risksCarbohydratesCardiaccardiac arrestCardiac riskCardio Vascular DiseasesCardiovascular DiseasesCardiovascular emergenciescareCataractCauses of CancercavitiesCerebral StrokeCervical Disc ProlapseCesarean Awarenesscheckupchest painchickenpoxChickenpox In ChildrenchildChild careChild Healthchildbirthchildcarechildhood obesityChildrenChilliesChocolateChocolate BrownieChokingCholangitisCholesterolCholesterol ratioChronic Health ConditionsClean watercoldColds in PregnancyColon CancerColonoscopyColorectal CancerComfort Foods & HealthCommon coldCongenitalconstipationcontactlensescornealtransplantCoronary Artery Bypass GraftingCosmetic Ear SurgeryCosmetic SurgeryCosmetic Tooth ImplantsCPRCradle capCriggler NajjarCureDairy ProductsDark chocolate benefitsDehydrationDementiaDengueDengue feverDentalDental CareDental MythsDepressiondepression helpDepression Myths and Factsdepression signs and symptomsdepression symptomsDepression Vs SadnessDiabetesDiabetes mellitusDiabetic footDiagnosisDiaper rashdiarrhoeaDietDieting mythsdiseasesDiwaliDrivingdyslexiaEar CareearpainearsEating DisorderseggsElbow InjuryEmergencyEmphysemaexamsExerciseExercise for bachacheExercises to prevent memory losseyeEye careEye dropsEye exercisesEye FlueyecancerfathersfattyliverFertility TreatmentfertilizationfestivalsFibroidsFire accidentsFire carefitnessFitness AppsFitness blundersflatfeetFlax seedsFlip-flop foot problemsFluFlu VaccinationFoodFood additivesFood AllergiesFood for Brainfood guideFoot painFrozen shoulderfruitsGastric problemsGastrointestinal BleedingGastrointestinal TractGeneticsGERDGluttonyGymGynaecologyGynecologyhairHair careHair lossHair RestorationHand washhappinessHead injuryHeadacheHealthHealth & Beautyhealth check benefitsHealth hazards of prolonged sittingHealth ManagementHealth tipshealthcareHealthcare for womenhealthcheckhealthyHealthy backHealthy foodHealthy HeartHealthy recipehealthyheartHeartHeart AttackHeart HealthHeart Valve Diseasesheartdiseaseheel painHelp loved ones fight depressionherniaHigh Blood PressureHip FractureHIVHoli CareHormonesHow to deal with cutsHuman developmenthydratedHydrocephalusHypertensionHypothyroidismhysterectomyIBSImmune systemIndia Water WeekInfant diarrhoeainfant teethinginfectionInfertilityINSULINIntraocular LensesInventionIrritable bowel syndromeJaundiceJaundice in babiesJuvenile DiabetesKeratoconuskidneyKidney StonekidneycancerkidsKnee ArthroscopyKnee painlarynxLeukemiaLifestyleLifestyle changesLifestyle diseasesLight Induced TraumaLimb length discrepancyLiver cancerLiver TransplantlivertransplantLung CancerLung InfectionLung transplantationlungcancerlungsLymphomamalariaMangoMedical & Fitness ParametersMelanomaMemory lossMenopausemenstrual cycleMenstrual HygienemenstruationMental Disordersmental healthMiddleearMintMonsoonmosquitomotherMotherhoodmothersmouthMuscleacheMythsnanotechnologyNasal allergiesNatural childbirthNauseaNeck painNerveNeurological DisordersNoisy earNose BleedNose reshapingnosebleedNosebleedsNutritionOats with dried fruitsObesityObesity & mental healthObesity in pregnancyOcular LesionsOffice safetyOral HealthoralcanceroralhealthorgandonationorthopedicsOsteoporosisOvarian CancerOvereatingpancreasPancreatic Islet TransplantationparentingParkinson'sPCODPeanut butterPediatricPediatric CarePediatric Liver TransplantPelvic PainPeptic UlcerperiodspharynxPhysiotherapyPICUpilesPlastic SurgeryplasticsurgeryPneumoniaPolycystic OvaryPolycystic Ovary DisorderPolycystic Ovary SyndromePostpartum depressionpregnancyPregnancy WorkoutsPremature BabypreventionPreventive HealthcarePreventive MedicineProactive Healthcareprofessional help in depressionpsychiatristPsychologyPsychotherapyRadiosurgeryRadiotherapyRare CancersReadingRecipeRefractive errorsregular health checkRetinoblastomaRheumatoid ArthritisRight postureRight to sightRisk FactorsRobotic Heart SurgeryRobotic SurgeryRoseSalt intakeSarcoidosisSciaticaSeafoodself-examinationsexual healthSigns of depressionSinus Corrective SurgerySinusitisSinusitis in childrensittingskinSkin and Hair ProtectionSkin CancerSkin careSkin RashskincancerskincareSleepSleeping pillsSleeve GastrectomySlip DiscsmokingSnake BitesSoft tissue sarcomaSore musclesspinachspinespringsquintStay hydratedSTD'sStem CellSTIstomachStomach CancerstomachcancerStrawberryStress eatingStretch marksStrokesummerSummer foodsSunburnSunstrokeSuperfoodssurgerySweet toothSwimmer’s earsymptoms of depressiontechnologyTennis ElbowThalassemiaThreadliftThroat InfectionThroatcancerthyroidcancerToddler SwimmingTomatoestransplantTravellingTuberculosisUrinary IncontinenceUrinary Tract InfectionUrological ProblemsUrologyUTIvaccinationvaccineVitamin DWalkingWalking aidwaterWater BirthweightlosswellnesswindpipewinterWinter AchesWinter PregnancywomenWomen's HealthWomen's Health TabooswomenhealthWorld Health DayWorld Hepatitis DayWorld Liver DayWorld Malaria DayWorld Parkinson's DayWorld Tuberculosis DayWorld Water DayYeast infectionYogaYogic VisualizationZikavirus
in What's New in Health & Care

Be aware to avoid the risk of Melanoma

Melanoma

If you look into any educational website or information portal, you will see that there is a common rule associated with Melanoma known as ABCD.

• Asymmetry: The two halves of the mole are different from each other.
• Border irregularity: The spot has borders that are uneven or notched.
• Colour: The spot has several colours in an uneven pattern or differs a lot in colour from the rest of your moles.
• Diameter: The spot is larger than the size of a pencil eraser. The good thing about this cancer is that it is usually seen over skin (though mucous membranes like mouth, lips and rectum may also get involved, it is uncommon), which is easy to observe and thus we can detect the disease early, if you are aware of the disease.

Diagnosis
At the same time, it needs to be understood that self-diagnosis is not possible. If you see a spot that looks as though it is new or changing, show it to a doctor. When it comes to spots on the skin, it is always better to be safe than sorry. However, not all spots are cancerous, and everybody gets spots on their skin. The older we are, the more spots we have. Hence it is important to note two things:

• Observe your skin (difficult-to-see parts should be seen with the help of a mirror)
• In case of doubt immediately consult a doctor

The disease confirmation is done by examining the concern-causing spot and doing a biopsy. Once this is done, the physician will usually go for prognostication (how good or bad the disease is) of the disease, which includes staging and biological characters of disease.

Staging
The following tests and procedures may be used in the staging process:
• Wide local excision: A surgical procedure to remove some of the normal tissue surrounding the area where melanoma was found, to check for cancer cells.
• Lymph node mapping and sentinel lymph node biopsy: Procedures in which a radioactive substance and/or blue dye is injected near the tumour. The substance or dye flows through lymph ducts to the sentinel node or nodes (the first lymph node or nodes where cancer cells are likely to have spread). The surgeon removes only the nodes with the radioactive substance or dye. A pathologist then checks the sentinel lymph nodes for cancer cells. If no cancer cells are detected, it may not be necessary to remove additional nodes.

PET scan (Positron Emission Tomography scan):
A procedure to find malignant tumour cells in the body. A small amount of radioactive glucose (sugar) is injected into a vein. The PET scanner rotates around the body and makes a picture of where glucose is being used in the body. Malignant tumour cells show up brighter in the picture because they are more active and take up more glucose than normal cells do. This will be done because the melanoma can spread in predominantly three ways:

• Through tissue
• Through the lymph system
• Through the blood

Types
Once the staging is done, the pathologist will give the extent of disease. For broad understanding the disease if of three types:

• Superficial spreading melanoma: It the most common of all (70 per cent), and usually occurs in women on the legs, and in men on the back, in between the ages of 30 and 50. These melanomas are often barely raised and have a variety of colours. Such melanomas evolve over one to five years and can be readily caught at an early stage if they are detected and removed.
• Nodular melanoma: It is the next common variant (20 per cent) and usually begins as deeper, blue-black to purplish lumps. They evolve faster and may also be more likely to spread.
• Lentigo maligna: It is the rarest of all and occurs in rare locations like the face,which are exposed to the sun constantly. The most useful criterion for determining prognosis along with stage is tumour thickness. If tumours measure less than one mm, they have excellent cure rates.

Treatment

In general, melanoma is treated by surgery alone. Doctors have learned that surgery does not need to be as extensive as was thought years ago. When treating many early melanomas, for instance, surgeons only remove one cm (less than half inch) of the normal tissue around the melanoma. Deeper and more advanced cancers may need more extensive surgery.

Surgery for the removal of nearby lymph glands depends on various considerations such as tumour thickness, body location, age, etc. For advanced disease, such as when the melanoma has spread to other parts of the body, treatments like immunotherapy or radiation are sometimes recommended. However once the disease is extensive or comes back, the best attempts are to reduce the suffering (palliation, which is best done by multidisciplinary team with the help of some immunotherapy, or newer tablets which selectively target these cancer cells like tyrosine kinase inhibitors.)

Prevention
The three golden rules to prevent this dreaded disease are:
• Reducing sun exposure
• Early detection
• Screening of high-risk individuals, such as anyone with a close relative who has melanoma.

Though not so common in India, malignant melanoma needs special attention as once you miss the bus it is gone forever, meaning that if you delay the diagnosis and it crosses the lymph nodes, cure is almost impossible.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *