“Heart disease is considered as one of the greatest killer epidemic in our country.”
- There is ethnic preponderance of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) in Asians and Indians in particular. Many get affected at a young age and the progression of disease is also very rapid. On an average, Indians suffer heart attack 10 years earlier compared to Americans and Europeans.
- The incidence of diabetes is increasing in India and 40 per cent of diabetics ultimately develop heart disease.
- The low level of good HDL cholesterol in Indians has been observed as the culprit.
- Dietary indiscipline and lack of exercise are other causes, habits that must be inculcated early in life. In most schools in our country, outdoor games are not part of the curriculum, unlike in the West.
Who needs what?
A long term plan on a war footing is essential to face this epidemic. To achieve this, good co-ordination and co-operation between the population, hospitals, medical professions and the media is required.
The general population, representing the bottom of the pyramid, needs to be motivated on lifestyle modification, dietary advice, drugs to control risk factors like high BP, diabetes, high blood lipids, etc. to achieve early diagnosis and for long term follow-up requirement.
This is the mid-section comprising people with stable CAD or asymptomatic CAD, who need confirmation of diagnosis and treatment.
People suffering from acute chest pain or other heart attack symptoms, who definitely need to rush to hospital, provided the requisite expertise is available in the area. Everyone above 40 years of age should have a check-up done at least once a year. If an individual has family history of heart attacks and/or early death, check-ups need to begin earlier. Thanks to physical inactivity, long hours at work and inadequate sleep, more and more young people are beginning to suffer from heart disease, some even at the age of 20-30. Apollo Clinics offers a reasonable package – Apollo Heart Check (AHC), which includes all the tests in APHC Package + Cardiac Stress Analysis (CSA/TMT), Pulmonary Function Test (PFT), Diet Counselling, Echo Cardiogram and Cardiac Consultation.