What is CABG Surgery? - Lifestyle, Diet & Exercise
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an increasingly common procedure, with thousands of patients undergoing it across the world each day. Recent technical advances allow surgeons to operate on beating hearts (unlike in the past, where the heart had to be stopped via the heart lung machine), which results in few complications. Even so, post-CABG patients should be wary of their lifestyle choices to prevent any future recurrences of the problem.
Post-CABG patients should also undergo regular medical follow-up sessions, to ensure that any complications or side effects are treated. Further medication is also needed to control for other associated diseases like hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, etc.
CABG is thus a palliative surgery, and not a permanent cure. As such, many precautions are needed to avoid future problems. Patients should take their medications as prescribed, and should undergo regular check-ups.
Lifestyle and Hobbies:
Post-CABG patients should maintain a healthy diet and an active lifestyle to ensure the wellbeing of their body, mind and spirit. This includes eating nutritious meals at a regular timing of meals, and making time for regular physical exercise and recreational activities.
Diet and Exercise
A healthy diet and regular exercise is crucial in reducing the risk for coronary artery disease, and in preventing its recurrence. More specific dietary prescriptions may be made if the patient also has problems with obesity, diabetes, hypertension or high cholesterol (e.g. a reduced sodium diet for patients with hypertension).
As a general rule, there should be a limitation on the total calorie intake (usually less than 1,600 Kcal per day). Food should be prepared to be low in carbohydrates, low in saturated fats, low in cholesterol, and high in fibre, vitamins and minerals.