Apollo Cancer Centers Blog


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Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers that affects millions worldwide. It is important people have a basic understanding of kidney cancer, including its symptoms, stages, types, and available treatments. With this blog post, we aim to educate people about kidney cancer, shedding light on the symptoms, stages and treatment of this disease and providing valuable insights for individuals and their families affected by this diagnosis.

Kidney Cancer Symptoms

Recognizing the symptoms of kidney cancer is essential for early detection and prompt medical intervention. While the early stages of kidney cancer often do not exhibit noticeable symptoms, some common signs may include blood in the urine (hematuria), lower back pain, persistent fatigue, unexplained weight loss, and a lump or mass in the abdomen. It is essential to consult a urologist if you experience any of these symptoms, as they warrant further investigation and evaluation.

Kidney cancer symptoms can vary from person to person, and some individuals may not experience any symptoms until the cancer has progressed to an advanced stage. Regular check-ups and screening tests are crucial, especially for individuals at increased risk of kidney cancer: smokers, obesity, and a family history of kidney cancer.

Stages of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer has four stages. In the earlier stages, the tumour is confined to the kidney and has not spread to nearby areas. In the advanced stage, the tumour increases in size and may have spread to surrounding tissues, lymph nodes, or distant organs. The stage at diagnosis determines the prognosis and treatment options for individuals.

Understanding the type of kidney cancer helps healthcare professionals determine the appropriate treatment approach and predict the disease's behaviour and response to therapy. Various tests such as CT/MRI scans, biopsies, and blood tests are required to stage the disease. Once the stage of kidney cancer is determined, the urologist can develop a personalized treatment plan based on the extent of the disease.

Kidney Cancer Treatment

The most common treatment approaches include open/laparoscopic/robotic surgery. Depending on the extent of the disease entire kidney (nephrectomy) or only part of the kidney (bearing the tumour) is removed. Partial nephrectomy, which removes only the tumour and a portion of the kidney, is an option for smaller tumours or when preserving kidney function is crucial.

Other treatment options include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Targeted therapies and immunotherapies aim to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and boost the body's immune system response against the disease. These treatment options have shown promising results, particularly for advanced or metastatic kidney cancer cases. Chemotherapy is reserved for cases where cancer may have spread to other areas and other treatments have not been effective.

Clinical trials are an upcoming avenue for exploring new treatment options and advancements in kidney cancer management. Participation in clinical trials can provide access to innovative therapies. However, not every patient is a candidate for enrollment in a trial.


Kidney cancer is a complex disease with various types and stages, each requiring a tailored treatment approach. By understanding the symptoms, stages, and types of kidney cancer, individuals and their families can have informed discussions with urologists and make well-informed decisions regarding their treatment options. Early detection, prompt medical intervention, and ongoing research into innovative treatments are crucial in improving outcomes for those affected by kidney cancer. Together, we can strive towards a future with a better understanding, prevention, and management of this challenging disease.

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